Features of growing Miltonia orchids
Orchid Miltonia is a perennial that grows in both wild and domestic conditions, native to South America (Brazil, Argentina). The flower is named after Viscount Milton (an English grower and orchid collector). There are about twenty species of this variety. To grow a beautiful and healthy plant, you need special care.
Miltonia is the generic name for many hybrids, including Miltoniopsis (a hybrid from Ecuador). Plants are epiphytes. This means that they can take root on other trees, or flowers. Moisture is obtained from the air.
The flower has many hybrids that are formed both naturally (in natural conditions) and artificial (breeders combine different species to get new varieties). There may be several parents. For example, Miltoniopsis moth is immediately similar to two flowers - Pansies and Phalaenopsis.
It is not difficult to grow Milloniopsis, the conditions are the same as for any other variety.
In Miltonia, pseudobulbs in the form of an oval are observed near the root system (length from seven to eight centimeters, width from four to five centimeters).
External view description:
- green pointed leaves (35-40 cm);
- flowers can be of various colors (10-12 cm);
- has a pleasant aroma during flowering;
Miltonia is snow-white
Sympodial, has small flattened pseudobulbs (about 6 cm). Leaves - elongated acute shape (about 30 cm).
Peduncles reach half a meter in length, one pseudobulb bears two peduncles, each of which blooms up to five large flowers.
Color - yellow, with brown spots. The name is given because of the snow-white border on the lip.
The leaves are long and pointed. On one peduncle, a maximum of 7 flowers are formed, which have a pleasant smell. The flower is white, with a pink border.
Features of the view:
- number of flowers from 3 to 7;
- the lip has different shades (from purple to soft pink);
Miltonia is brilliant
Originally from Venezuela, bulbs are oval flat in shape up to 9 cm. The color of the leaves is light green. Peduncle (20-26 cm) has 1-2 flowers.
The color is white, cream, with a purple lip. It blooms for about a month, from August to October.
This Latin variety sounds like Miltonia cuneata. Bulbs - oval, narrowed. About 6 flowers, diameter 7 cm, grow on one peduncle.
The flowers are yellow, the petals are wavy at the edges, the smell is pleasant, delicate, slightly pronounced. The border is white with purple dots. Flowering falls in February and March.
In the wild, this subspecies is found in Paraguay, Argentina and Brazil. In Latin, the plant is called Miltonia flavescens. Pseudobulbs - yellow color, oval flattened shape. The leaves are long (about 30 cm), green or yellow-green.
The flower stalk reaches 1 m, and bears fruit 15 flowers (diameter up to 8 cm), yellow. The lip is white with purple stripes at the ends.
Bulbs have an oval, narrow and flattened shape (length up to 10 cm). It blooms throughout the year, except for December, February and March.
From a peduncle (60 cm) grow from 7 to 10 flowers, each opens in turn. The diameter of the inflorescences is from 5 to 10 cm, are close to each other. The color is amber, with brown spots, the shape is sharp. The lip is white with purple accents on the edges.
Florists appreciate this variety for large inflorescences, the name is given in honor of Joseph Varshevich (gardener of the Botanical Garden in Krakow). The color of the flowers is brown and burgundy, the petals are wavy, have cream inserts. Border - pink color with a white border and a bright spot in the center.
It blooms for a year and a half, if, according to the rules, wilted flowers are removed. The beginning of flowering falls at the beginning of spring, and the end - in the fall of next year.
Miltonia Sunset is a hybrid mix of two other species. The flowers are large, the smell is very pronounced fruit and berry.
The flowers are bright yellow, with overflow. Plant care is the same as for other Miltonia species.
Care for Miltonia at home should be carefully. Before planting, determine where the plant will be. It should be well lit, but without direct sunlight. Florists are advised to choose the western and eastern parts of the apartment. For the south side, use blinds or curtains.
This species feels comfortable in a moderately warm and humid climate. Like any variety of orchids, Miltonia does not tolerate drafts and temperature changes.
Orchid Miltonia comes from the tropics, so it requires abundant and regular watering, especially in the warm seasons. Water Miltonia up to 5 times a week. Florists are advised to pay attention to the pan - water should not stagnate in it.
You can not overfill the flower so that the root system and pseudobulbs do not rot. In winter, water 3-4 times a week. During this period, it is worthwhile to closely monitor the plant, during rest, do not water at all.
Track how long the land dries after watering. If more than 36 hours - the substrate is dense, but should be airy. This indicates a low air temperature.
Humidity is an important indicator in development. It should be above 60-70%. If the leaves of the Miltonia orchid are folded - this indicates a lack of moisture.
They increase the amount of moisture using a vessel of water, which is placed near the flower. Another way is to spray water near the flower, it is important that the drops do not fall on the plant itself.
Optimal air temperature during the day 20-22 ° C, at night 15 ° C.
In the summer, during hot weather, flower growers are advised to increase air humidity. This will help orchids feel more comfortable, even at the highest temperatures. You can achieve ice cooling - it is worth putting the cubes near the lower pallet.
Orchid Miltonia comes from warm places, but still prefers to be in partial shade. The main sign that the plant lacks light is dark leaves, and too much sun can cause burns.
For cultivation, plastic transparent containers with drainage holes are suitable, this will help not to retain moisture. Florists at the bottom of the pot lay stones, or pieces of bark. After that, they fill up the soil for Miltonia.
Another feature is the special primer, which is sold in the store. It is possible to cook it yourself, the content should contain the bark, fern root, peat and polystyrene.
Ground for Orchid Miltonia
Fertilizers are used regularly so that the orchid is healthy and blooming. The appearance of the plant will tell about its condition, about the lack or excess of one or another substance.
Nutrient content in soil:
- nitrogen - with a shortage, the leaves are sluggish, marbled, quickly dry out; with excess - grows quickly, but does not bloom;
- copper - with a shortage of leaves of various shapes, there is no flowering; excess - the leaves have a red tint, the flower does not grow;
- phosphorus - if it is not enough, the plant is faded and weak, there is no flowering; with excess - the leaves on the tips darken;
- potassium promotes better metabolism and photosynthesis, if it is not enough in the body of the plant - the leaves become dark with a yellowish tinge; if there is a lot, the flow of nitrogen is blocked;
- calcium - if this substance is not enough, the tissues are sluggish and weakened; if there is an oversupply, the new shoots are deformed;
- magnesium - with a shortage on the foliage, yellow spots appear, which darken; with excess, potassium deficiency occurs;
- iron - if the edges of the leaves die off, grows slowly, spots appear, this indicates a shortage; with excess, development dulls and there is no flowering;
- zinc - helps in the synthesis of chlorophyll and enzymes, in practice, cases of unit when it is not enough; if there is a lot of zinc, the leaves become marble, deform, and the flowers do not appear.
The first sign that it is time to prune Miltonia is the withering of the flowers. It is better to remove the shoots completely (leave a couple of millimeters) on which the flowers were.
For pruning, it is undesirable to use ordinary scissors, it is worth buying a special secateurs or a sharp knife.
Miltonia transplant at home occurs in the spring, at which time new shoots appear. For a flower, this procedure is difficult to tolerate, so regularity is every 2 years.
A flower is transplanted when it becomes crowded in a pot. Transplant time - after flowering.
The plant is pulled out and placed in a container with warm water, the root system is washed and checked for rotten and unhealthy. They are removed. Sprinkle the cut section with sulfur or charcoal.
After that, the roots are dried, if the air temperature in the apartment is high - 2-3 hours. Florists dry the root system at night, then all the cut will have time to heal.
For a transplant, select a pot slightly larger than the previous one. The container must be sanitized.
Do not transplant the plant immediately after purchase, the flower should adapt (7-10 days).
Miltonia breeding usually takes place during a spring transplant. Reproduction occurs by dividing the bush. For this, 3-5 stems are used, the plant must be healthy.
The seedling is placed in a pot with a prepared substrate. The root system is planted shallow so that the roots do not rot.
Miltonia has practically no children, they rarely appear, so this method of reproduction is the most effective.
Once the flower has faded away, usually during the winter, Miltonia goes into a state of sleep. Cut off all the dried shoots under the root, the main thing is not to harm the pseudobulb.
The rest period lasts 2 months. At this time, put the pot with the plant in a cool place (15-18 ° C), watering infrequently. This period ends when the shoots begin to grow.
Caring for Miltonia at home is not easy, many beginner growers make a number of mistakes. Such errors can lead to a lack of flowering, and even death of the plant.
Common care problems:
- undisclosed flowers disappear - the reason is dry air, high temperature and draft;
- small flowering period - direct rays falling on plants, lack of minerals, high air temperature, short wintering period;
- leaves turn yellow - the roots rot, or an overabundance / lack of substances;
- the tips of the leaves dry out - dry air and salinization of the earth;
- light, white spots on the leaves indicates burns from direct sunlight;
- small black spots - stagnation of water;
- dark foliage - little light, if light - an excess;
Diseases and Pests
If you look after and take care of the orchid, then diseases are rare.
There are diseases that cannot be treated: leaf spotting (elongated spots, leaves turn yellow and dark), foliage bronze (leaves become different shapes, dark in color, and become stained), bacterial, brown rot. In other cases, resuscitation for an orchid is possible.
Miltonia is affected by the same parasites as other varieties of orchids. Dry air is the main reason for their appearance ..
Orchid Miltonia - a chic variety of orchids, which has more than 20 species, including hybrids. Caring for a flower is difficult, but adhering to certain conditions, the plant will decorate the house of any grower.
If the first signs of the disease appear, it is important to make a diagnosis in time so as not to kill the plant. The reasons can be different - from an inappropriate climate to a shortage of substances. With good care, the orchid blooms for a year.