Features of growing apple trees Antei
The apple tree Antei was bred by the breeders of the Scientific Research Institute of the Republic of Belarus by crossing the winter varieties Newtosh and Babushkino with the Belarusian raspberry.
Features of growing apple trees Antei
A tree is rarely higher than 2.5-3 m. Its crown is sparse, rounded or pyramidal in shape and has a feature in its clear longline structure.
This makes it easy to harvest and prune branches, forming a crown of your preference.
Large dark green oval leaves with denticles along the edges have long petioles, a rounded base and a sharp tip.
Antei apples have an attractive blush of saturated red or burgundy color; they reach a weight of up to 250 g.
The fruits do not become smaller, even if the weather conditions are unfavorable, it is not without reason that a name was chosen by the name of a giant in Greek mythology.
The apple saucer is medium-wide and has obvious folds. The pulp is juicy, its shade is light green, the taste is sweet and sour with a pleasant light aroma. The peel is characterized by a bluish tint due to wax coating.
According to the description, Antei is self-infertile, needs cross-pollination, so it is not recommended to plant an apple tree alone.
A great place for a devre near autumn and summer species: Pepin Saffron, Welsey, Autumn Striped, Golden Summer, Daughter Papiroki, Yandykovsky, Country. Winter ones are useless for this purpose.
The tree shows fruit buds in the second year, and bears fruit after 2-3 years and remains in this condition very constant even in those years when, due to bad weather conditions, the yield is reduced in other varieties.
One tree gives about 50 kg of fruit, which is collected in September and October and stored until May without problems and tricks.
Antey variety is a winter representative, it surpasses other apple trees with its high resistance to dampness, winter frosts, it is not afraid of a thermometer at -30 ° C, which makes it possible to grow it almost everywhere.
These wonderful characteristics were inherited from the varieties of which it is a hybrid.
Diseases and pests
In relation to pests and diseases, the tree has a weak immunity, therefore it suffers from powdery mildew, scab, and insects - aphids, leafworms, flower beetles, and codling moths.
This instability indicates the need for therapeutic and preventive measures.
Application and transportability
According to the description, the fruits of the fruit tree are suitable not only for eating them raw, they are perfectly combined in different processing methods.
They mature in a couple of months after the harvest and can be stored almost until the summer. This is a great opportunity to eat fresh vitamins in winter and spring. The tree does not require large expenses in the care, and the apples themselves well tolerate transportation - these indicators assigned the species to the commercial category.
Delicious Burgundy Apples
The positive aspects include the ease of landing and further care. Planting can be done both in autumn and spring before the buds open.
It is recommended to choose the autumn period (after falling leaves and a month before the start of frost).
This gives the tree time to better take root, and if planted in the spring, it gives all its energy to the greenery and the roots are formed more weakly due to this.
Necessary requirements for planting:
- protection from strong winds;
- lack of groundwater;
- sufficiency of sunlight.
A pit should be dug a few days before planting, 60–80 cm deep and 1 m in diameter, and a seedling several hours before planting should be placed in water. Drainage is laid in layers at the bottom, fertilized soil on top with a mound in the middle. Place a young tree so that the neck of the root peeks a few cm above the surface of the earth.
Fill the hole and, as the prepared soil is laid, compact it. For the first time of growth, install a support in the form of a stick and pour plenty of water on the planted tree.
Irrigation rate varies depending on the age of the apple tree.
- 2 buckets will be needed per year.
- in 2 years - 3-4 buckets.
- if more - 6-10 buckets.
Seedlings need more attention and care than an adult plant. First water it in the spring before buds open, and then do it with a frequency of 2-3 weeks.
After watering, treat the near-stem circle, clearing weeds and loosening the ground. To preserve moisture in the soil, mulch of hay or another species is laid out. It is important not to forget that when sprinkling mulch from the trunk, it is necessary to retreat 10-15 cm to prevent the disease, i.e. Do not allow the microbes from decomposition to get to the root.
A solution of superphosphate (150 g), calcium chloride (1.5 tablespoons), ammonium nitrate and nitroammophos (1 tablespoon each) is needed for a young tree at the time the ovary is formed. Watering the infusion of chicken droppings will help a good addition of greenery in the initial period of growth.
Cropping and shaping the crown
Krona Anteya is sparse and therefore does not require strong pruning, but in the spring, before the juice moves, you need to remove the branches affected by sores and pests, cut off the weak sprouts and leave the strong ones.
Compose the bottom layer from the growths of the third year and make sure that the cut is higher than the third eye. Forming the crown, you need to rejuvenate the middle and take into account the need for lighting all the shoots.
In order to accurately avoid problems from damage by pests and diseases, it makes sense to do spraying for prevention. A solution of copper sulfate in a proportion of 50 g per 1 liter of water is suitable.
If desired, you can choose other products available on the market, and breed them according to the manufacturer's instructions.
Protection in the cold season is necessary for a young tree, because it still does not have time to grow stronger. The care is simple, and the response will please with a large and high-quality crop. Sprinkle circles at the trunk with a mixture of humus and compost, wrap the crown and trunk in a cloth.
Adult plants must be protected from rodents, wrapping the trunk or roofing tape, for a fine mesh. For autumn fertilizer, it is appropriate to use superphosphate diluted with water (50 g per 1 liter), you can use minerals in total.
Subspecies and Options
On a dwarf rootstock, the central trunk of the seedling is shortened to 40 cm after planting, and the side branches are cut to 15–18 cm and, for the future wide crown, are bent to the sides so that there are wider angles with respect to the main trunk.
There is a method of growing a columnar apple tree. This method helps her to grow up, unlike the dwarf one, while taste and other qualities do not change.
Features of cultivation in the regions
This type of healthy fruit was bred in Belarus and is especially suitable for growing in this area. Antey can be safely grown in the Ukrainian climate, guided by common requirements for it. Russian conditions are favorable for the breeding of this species, given its frost resistance. Based on the pickiness and characteristics of the variety, it can be grown in almost all regions.
The opinion about the apple variety Antey is positive.
Description of the advantages: abundant productivity, unpretentiousness, minimal costs and other qualities.
If you want to become the owner of a beautiful apple tree, this is ideal.