Features of feeding cucumbers with ash
Every experienced gardener knows: in order to get a high-quality and healthy crop, seedlings must be fed. It is not necessary to add expensive and harmful chemicals like potassium and phosphorus to the beds. One of the most popular and effective remedies is ordinary wood ash. Domestic farmers widely use it for their garden. How is feeding cucumbers with ash carried out and how useful is its application to the future vegetable?
Features of feeding cucumbers with ash
Ash is an organic substance made up of fibers from the tissues of trees and plants. It possesses the ability to take the final form under persistent pressure due to its fine structure. If the ash is obtained as a result of the combustion of plants, gardeners use it to fertilize and loosen their plots, but it is not recommended to bring recycled residues of building materials and plastic bottles into the ground: during their combustion hazardous chemical compounds are formed. If they enter the soil, they infect the fruit with toxic substances.
Wood ash contains a large number of trace elements necessary for plant life. Among them, carbonate, silicate, sulfate and calcium chloride, magnesium sulfate are isolated. The percentage of substances may vary, depending on the species. Wood is rich in calcium, ash in bark and straw is rich in phosphorus, and meadow is saturated with potassium. Harmful nitrogen escapes during combustion.
The purposes of using this organic product are as follows:
- Stimulation of the process of reproduction of beneficial bacteria in the soil.
- Effect on the amount of soil alkali.
- Obstruction of the development of fungal diseases in plants.
- Maintaining acid balance.
- Long validity is 3 years. All this time, a positive effect on the soil and fruits is noticeable to the eye.
Wood ash does not contain chlorine, which can not be said about most other mineral fertilizers. It also has ease of use and naturalness. Ash is used in the cultivation of many fruit crops, however, each individual vegetable or fruit, depending on its characteristics, requires a different consistency of organic matter for its soil.
The benefits of ash
Cucumber is a fast-growing vegetable with early fruits - they usually ripen in no more than 10 days. How is ash useful for cucumbers, what is the importance of its use when growing in a greenhouse or in open soil?
- It helps to accelerate the growth of the crop, improves its quality and increases the quantity.
- It protects seedlings from attack by pests, in particular, against aphids.
- Prevents bacteria and infections from spreading. A solution of ash in open ground is especially effective against powdery mildew, which is very dangerous for the leaves and root system of cucumbers and requires serious treatment in case of infection.
An important role is given to the process of feeding cucumbers with ash during the formation of ovaries and lashes after harvesting. At this time, the fruits are deficient in such vital trace elements as calcium and potassium. Fruits can lose their juice and begin to develop abnormally.
Timely applied fertilizer will contribute to better formation of the ovaries and have a beneficial effect on cucumbers, accelerating their maturation, improving taste and appearance. Chemical fertilizers will only do harm, especially if you overdo it with a dose. Fruits run the risk of becoming poisonous, plants become thin, and leaves become dull.
Top dressing accelerates fruit set and growth
Lack of nutrients during the growth process leads to soil depletion, which negatively affects productivity.
Instructions for use
It is important to know how to properly feed cucumbers with organic ash and how much it needs to be strewed to get the desired result. There is an algorithm for preparing for feeding and making ash in cucumbers.
- Preparation of solution: 3 tbsp. the ashes are stirred in 1 liter of water and incubated for a week.
- Soaking cucumber seeds in an organic solution for 6 hours to prevent viruses.
- Adding fertilizer for 1-2 tbsp. l in each well when foliar processing and planting of seeds. This contributes to their enhanced growth.
- Watering the seeds with infusion every 10 days after the start of flowering. This positively affects the taste of the fruit and protects them from diseases.
There is another option, how to fertilize home cucumbers with ash. In this case, the soil must first be watered, and only then dry ash should be poured. A similar method is good before and during planting seedlings in open ground in spring. For feeding 1 square. m will need 1 cup of ash (about 100 g). Dry organic matter is introduced into a pit 15 cm deep near the plant. Top sprinkled with earth.
As for how often cucumbers are fertilized with ash, there is an important point. Fertilize seedlings with infusion should be twice a day, morning and evening, at room temperature in a greenhouse or outdoors. They do this necessarily in moist soil, after watering, because the introduction of substances into dry soil leads to problems with rhizome. Total feeding should be no more than 7 per season - in no case should you abuse the feeds!
It is necessary to start feeding cucumbers with fertilizers from the moment the first leaves appear on the stem, when it is just forming. The second stage is the beginning of flowering. When the plant begins to bear fruit, it is fertilized about once every two weeks.
The operation of the solution requires compliance with a number of strong recommendations. Proper use will avoid problems associated with the integrity of the plant and the safety of organics.
Storage of the finished solution / dry powder should be carried out in sealed packaging: this will save all useful substances. Dry substance cannot be placed in a room with a high level of humidity.
In gardening, you cannot use orange organic fertilizers: they have a high percentage of iron and oxide. Also, you cannot mix one type of fertilizer with another. Clay soils should be fed in the fall, sandy soils in the spring.
Spraying and organic tillage with cucumbers begin from the beginning of planting and throughout the entire growing season. Among the other organic and mineral fertilizers, ash has a leading position. This is the simplest type of top dressing, rich in all micro and macro elements necessary for the plant, harmless, multifunctional and affordable.