Features of feed pumpkin
There are many legends about this vegetable. The first mention of pumpkin is found in the Bible. Today it is ubiquitous. Both canteen and fodder pumpkin are unpretentious in cultivation, give a consistently high yield. Both varieties have beneficial properties. The latter is often used as livestock feed, as reflected in its name.
Features of feed pumpkin
Due to the high carbohydrate content, pumpkins are used by cattle breeders as winter feed for cows, pigs and sheep. To do this, it is simply cut in half and fed to animals. Cattle gladly eats chopped vegetables and frozen. In a strongly chopped form, it is introduced into the winter menu of chickens.
For 2 months, the pumpkin is stored fresh in a dry, dark room at a temperature not exceeding 5 ° C. To increase the period of its use, silage feed is made from it, together with leaves, legumes, waste from grain production. Then with fodder beets it is laid in silos.
After the introduction of feed pumpkin into the diet of farm animals, the following changes are observed:
- dairy products have a pleasant smell, color and contain more carotene than milk from cattle grown on another feed;
- animals have healthy offspring without complications during childbirth;
- the rate of increase in pig weight increases significantly;
- the cow rises the amount of milk;
- hens rush more often, and the yolk of eggs is saturated in color.
Introduction to the diet of animals of this vegetable, due to the peculiarities of its chemical composition, improves the absorption of coarse concentrated feed by them. As a result, fattening is more efficient, which reduces the costs of the farmer.
The best varieties
Scientists call this culture a false berry. But these “berries” are one of the largest on earth. Fodder culture is characterized by high productivity. Its features are large size, thick peel and loose texture of pulp.
Sowing seeds per 1 ha gives up to 50 tons of fruits. This relatively cold-resistant plant has the longest shelf life among other varieties of this vegetable.
From a large number of species, it is worth highlighting the Stofuntovaya variety. They called this pumpkin, because by its weight it reaches 25 kg, and sometimes it weighs more. The shape of the fruit is spherical. The pulp is orange, in structure - friable. Pumpkin is resistant to transportation and storage.
The variety Volga gray 92 is widely known. Its resistance to drought and diseases is noted. It received the greatest distribution in the Volga region due to the presence of sandy soils. Like the previous variety, it stands out for its high yield and large mass.
In agriculture, such varieties as Hybrid 72, Record, Titan, Gribovskaya bush 189, etc. are widespread.
Suitability for food
Some varieties of feed pumpkins are eaten.
The most common in cooking are special cultivated varieties. Fodder pumpkin, due to the peculiar taste, is not so popular among people. However, some of its varieties, for example, Volga Gray 92, are acceptable for consumption.
This vegetable for many years was eaten only by peasants. The townspeople and those who considered themselves prosperous citizens did not eat it.
On the American continent, this product was eaten by people who were considered the most backward - Indians. However, as a result of food problems, they began to relate to it differently.
And today, pumpkin is one of the most beloved dishes of Americans. No thanksgiving can do without it. For Halloween use only, whole fields are sown with this vegetable.
Not only the flesh is an edible part of the fruit. Almost all parts of a vegetable have nutritional value: flowers, leaves, seeds, stems. All parts of the plant contain vitamins A, C, as well as iron and calcium. They are boiled, fried, baked. Flowers can be consumed even raw.
Particular preference is given to seeds. They are eaten raw, dried and fried. The pulp contains many nutrients, setting records among many vegetables. Carotene, which is responsible for clarity of vision, is 5 times more in pumpkin than in carrot.
Adding vitamin E to it (oil, dried apricots, seeds), we get a tasty cure for cancer, which will improve the quality of the skin, balance the hormonal background and reduce the symptoms of menopause. Due to its low calorie content, obese people include it in their diet.
The vegetable has many advantages, but there are also disadvantages. This variety is contraindicated in those who have an active stage of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, pancreas, liver.
During an upset stomach, you should not eat this vegetable. People with severe diabetes are not allowed to eat raw pumpkins.
Differences of fodder pumpkin from the dining room
The main difference between feed vegetable and table vegetable is its large size. The latter is more modest in size. For a product consumed by humans, completely different requirements apply, for example, ease of use.
Dining culture can grow in very small sizes and can be used as a whole. Two equally important requirements for the pumpkin used in human food are higher palatability and valuable nutritional composition.
This variety in different regions costs about the same. The price of feed pumpkin ranges from 15-20 rubles. for 1 kg. The cultivation of this giant vegetable is today considered one of the promising areas in agriculture.
Particularly profitable is the sale of seeds, because they are the most expensive part of the vegetable.