Features of collecting mushrooms in the Kuban

The Krasnodar Territory is rightly considered one of the mushroom regions of Russia. Almost a dozen species of honey mushrooms can be found in its forests, but not all of them can be eaten. It is important to know where to find useful mushrooms, as well as when mushrooms in the Kuban will be ready for collection.

Features of collecting mushrooms in the Kuban

Mushroom Characterization

Honey mushrooms are the so-called unsystematic group of fungi which includes representatives of completely different genera and families, which are united by the habitat - living and dead wood. However, the appearance of the summer mushroom stands out even in this very specific group - it lives in completely different conditions, but looks very similar to all other mushrooms.

These small mushrooms of orange or ocher color are difficult to confuse with others. They are often found in deciduous forests, in fields and forest edges.

Due to its wide range, it is not difficult to find mushrooms during the ripening period. But why do they attract mushroom lovers of the Krasnodar Territory?

Appearance

Honey mushrooms stand out among other mushrooms and have the following distinctive features:

  • their hats in the south grow to 3-17 cm wide;
  • its skin can have different shades: from honey to olive - the color darkens towards the center;
  • the surface of the cap may be rough or scaly;
  • this record is rather rare;
  • their flesh becomes thinner and coarser over time;
  • their legs grow to 8-11 cm, and toward the base become darker and smoothly expand.

The external characteristics of the fungus, as well as its taste, depend on what the mycelium feeds on.

It is important to understand the signs of honey mushrooms well.

The fact is that in the Kuban there is a mushroom, sulfur-yellow, bordered galerina, poppy and brick red. All these mushrooms are not edible, some are more dangerous, some less for health.

Their accidental use in any quantity can lead to food poisoning or more serious problems with the gastrointestinal tract.

Taste qualities

Honey mushrooms are excellent mushrooms for cooking. Winter preparations of them, honey mushrooms in marinade, as well as fried, baked and boiled - all types of thermal or other processing emphasize subtle semitones of tastes of all types of these mushrooms.

Honey mushrooms are universal in cooking

They are often used in dried form for cooking soups or ground to get an interesting mushroom seasoning for meat. In addition, they taste good even when raw. Some mushroom pickers taste mushrooms right in the forest.

Ordinary and false can be distinguished by the earthy smell and the bitter taste of the latter. In order not only to find the “right” mushrooms, but also to enjoy the meal, try to cook them correctly. The network has a large selection of original recipes for mushrooms of all kinds.

Ripening time

The peak of collection of all varieties of this fungus occurs in late August or early autumn. Mycelium mushrooms bear the most fruit in the first ten days of September at temperature fluctuations from 10 to 15 ° C.

Irina Selyutina (Biologist):

The season for picking mushrooms depends on their type:

  • Spring: appear in May and bear fruit until the end of June.
  • Summer: from July to the end of August.
  • Autumn: they are the most popular and most desired representatives of mushroom pickers. Collect them from late August to late October or even November.

    It is autumn mushrooms that can shine in the night darkness: the glow comes not only from fruiting bodies, but also from the filaments of mycelium growing throughout the tree (remember the movie "Avatar"?). So that night walks in the forest can give their results - the main thing is to know the area well and not get lost. The fruiting period of autumn honey agarics is divided into 2-3 waves, each of which lasts 2-3 weeks in turn.

  • Winter: they begin to collect them from the end of September and end in the month of March. With the onset of severe frosts, all the processes of their vital activity freeze, but when the air temperature becomes even slightly higher than 0 ℃, they successfully continue to grow. Since they do not have poisonous counterparts, they can be collected calmly, being absolutely confident in the edibility of the crop. The main thing is not to catch a cold.

They grow in two or three layers, each of which is suitable for food for about half a month. But some species (for example, winter) bear fruit until March. They are easy to notice against a snowy background, but it is worth noting: they are much inferior in taste to their summer and autumn counterparts.

Growth Features

In the climate of the Kuban and the Black Sea coast, the process of plant vegetation is faster. Mushrooms are not far behind them. Therefore, honey agarics acquired a number of features.

Most often they are parasites on more developed plants. Representatives of the group affect more than 200 species of trees and perennial shrubs. Honey mushrooms can even live on homemade potatoes.

Mushrooms grow in large families, lonely mushrooms are extremely rare. Less commonly, they become saprophytes. This means that mushrooms are able to grow on stumps and dead trees. In this case, they can generate a pearly glow at night.

Spread

Honey mushrooms prefer moist forests, so the landscape off the coast is great for them. The soil here is very fertile, so the trees have all the necessary complexes of nutrients and trace elements.

You do not have to search for them for a long time in the forest: from one place you can collect at least one large basket. Especially often in the Krasnodar Territory, they grow in deep ravines and stumps that remain after deforestation.

Irina Selyutina (Biologist):

Honey mushrooms that appeared after long autumn Kuban rains delight mushroom pickers with their abundance. They love forest felling, hazel and deciduous forests, but they settle in pine trees less often. Seversky, Absheron, as well as Belorechensky districts are considered the most mushroom for fans to collect and eat honey mushrooms. The hot key will give everyone an opportunity to collect a lot of autumn and summer mushrooms.

Their largest growths of various species are found in the Afips valley, not far from the Baraniy Rog mountain. Experienced mushroom pickers note that many mushrooms can be found near Tuapse, in the suburb of Gelendzhik.

However, mushroom pickers warn that it is impossible to collect even mushrooms that are pleasant-looking in the Krasnodar Territory near highways or busy roads. They quickly absorb substances from the environment, so be careful about the place of their collection.

Remember that your food should have a beneficial effect on health, and not become a potential threat.

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