Feature pear variety Efimova elegant
Pear is popular all over the world due to the versatility of the fruit. The fruits of this tree are used in cooking and harvested for the winter. Pear Dressy Efimova is distinguished by high commercial qualities.
Feature pear variety Efimova elegant
Pear Efimova smart has a number of distinctive characteristics. This variety tolerates frosty winters well and has an innate resistance to disease. In leaving this culture is unpretentious.
- its bearing begins at 7-8 years;
- fruits are formed every year;
- productivity - 30 tons per 1 ha.
The variety is partially self-pollinated, however, for the highest quality crop, additional pollinators should be planted on sites. The following types are best suited:
- Bergamot autumn;
- Yakovlev’s favorite.
The formation of the ovaries of these crops coincides with the flowering of the variety Naryadnaya. Also, the fruiting of these species occurs simultaneously.
Fruits are not suitable for freezing, they are often consumed raw or canned for the winter.
The height of the pear is about 2 m. The foliage forms a crown of a pyramidal shape. The density of leaf cover is average. Ovaries form on fruit branches. Skeletal branches form sharp angles when moving away from the trunk. The variety is not recommended to be planted in small areas.
Pear Dressy Efimova attracts with an unusual color of fruits. The description of the fruit includes such characteristics:
- fruit mass - 90-120 g;
- the amount of sugar - 9.3%;
- the amount of acid is 0.13%.
The shape of the fruit is cylindrical and pear-shaped. The surface is covered with a wax coating. Ready-to-eat yellow fruits. According to the description, fruiting occurs in late August and early September.
The pulp is juicy, has a beige tint and a pronounced aroma. Pears are removed from the green, otherwise the consistency of starch in the fruits rises, as a result, the fruits lose some of the taste. Fruits ripen within a week in a cool room.
Variety Dressy Efimova does not require special conditions for growth, but proper care improves the quality of the fruit. Culture needs:
- pruning branches.
Watering depends on the weather
Watering mode depends on weather conditions. During spring planting, the pear is watered every 2-3 days. In summer, in dry weather, the soil is irrigated every day. Autumn seedlings are abundantly watered during planting. One plant accounts for 10 liters of water.
Watering is best done by sprinkling. If it is not possible to use this method, water is poured under the root in several runs.
After irrigation and rain, the earth near the tree is loosened, otherwise the topsoil will harden. Also, the root system is mulched to slow down the process of moisture evaporation.
In the first year after planting, seedlings do not need fertilizing. In the second year, organic fertilizer is introduced containing the following mineral components:
- nitrogen - 0.5%;
- potassium - 0.3%;
- phosphorus - 0.3%
Under one seedling make 1.5 kg of fertilizer. Nitrogen is introduced only in the early spring, in the summer, the pear is prepared for wintering, additional stimulation of growth can harm the plant.
An important role in the development of fruits is played by foliar fertilizer. Before flowering, the ovaries are sprayed with a 3% solution of superphosphate.
To strengthen the trunk and branches, a 2% urea solution should be used. Spraying is carried out 10 days before the start of the formation of flowers.
Oxidized soil can cause a shortage of calcium in a tree. Ash helps to avoid this. 3-4 glasses are poured under one seedling. The soil is treated in a similar way in the first days of September.
The formation of the crown is carried out in early spring. At this time, the plant has not yet restored its usual metabolic rate after wintering, so pruning does not cause her injury.
In the first year after planting, the tree does not need pruning. In the second year, the first tier of the crown is formed, leaving 2 well-developed branches, the rest are cut off under the ring. For the procedure, special garden secateurs are used. If you do not trim, the pear will begin to grow unevenly. This will lead to the fact that in different branches fruiting occurs at different times.
The first flowering of the seedling is cut. Without a similar procedure, the tree does not have enough strength to take root in an open area.
Diseases and Pests
The pear variety Naryadnaya Efimova has innate immunity to such common diseases as moniliosis and kleasterosporiosis, however, prevention against some diseases must be carried out annually. Among the dangerous diseases, there are:
- Scab. It affects the skin of the foliage with spots of light green color. The disease is prevented with a 3% solution of Bordeaux fluid. During the flowering period, the trees are treated with the drug Chorus in a proportion of 2 g per 10 liters of water.
- Rust. This is a disease that affects the crown. Symptoms of the disease - red spots, leading to the death of foliage. The disease is vulnerable to Skor. 2 ml are diluted in 5 l of water and the crown is treated.
- Fruit rot. This is a disease caused by a fungus. It affects fruits. Prevention includes the treatment of kidneys with a solution of "Dnok". In 10 l of liquid, 100 g of the drug are diluted.
Malicious insects do more damage to the crop than diseases. The most common pests are aphids and copper flakes. These insects damage fruits and foliage by eating their juice.
To minimize the risk of infection, every spring trunks are cleaned of old bark and moss, cut diseased branches and dig holes. One of the effective methods of controlling insects is whitewashing the trunk with lime.
Infected trees are treated with "Call" and "Actar". "Call" is used in early spring, before the onset of kidney formation. Actar is diluted in a proportion of 1.5 g per 10 liters of water and the crown is treated in dry time.
The pear variety Elegant Yefimova is characterized by unpretentiousness in leaving and excellent tastes of fruits.
This species is suitable for growing on private sites and on an industrial scale. The fruits are suitable for desserts, jam and alcoholic beverages.