Exotic fruit pomelo
The fruit pomelo belongs to the Rutov family, the Citrus family. Its fruits are the largest of all members of the family. It grows in hot tropical countries. He appeared in supermarkets in Russia not so long ago, because people are not familiar with the fruit, often confuse it with grapefruit.
Exotic fruit pomelo
The homeland of the pomelo is Southeast Asian countries, more specifically, Malaysia and China. From there it spread to India, the islands of Fiji, Tonga, Indonesia, Vietnam. Citrus has been known in these parts for over 2000 years. There is a mistaken belief that this is a hybrid variety of grapefruit. In fact, grapefruit is a cross between an orange and a pomelo.
In Europe, large citrus appeared in the XIV century, it was brought by the Portuguese, and then Holland sailors. He did not get much distribution then. Again in the Old World, he came from America. In the 17th century, the British captain Sheddock brought him to this continent, then he became famous in England. Citrus was named "Sheddock" in honor of the mariner. In different cultures it is called “large citron”, “bloated lemon”, “apple-melon”, “Pamela”.
Pomelo - this tree is evergreen, grows up to 15 m. The crown has the shape of a dome or ball, compactly folded, branches span long spikes. The leaves are large and elongated, ovoid. The color of the leaf is dark green, the shade below is slightly lighter. The surface is smooth, but there is a slight edge on the bottom. The plate has a length of 10-20 cm, sits on a thickened petiole of a heart-shaped wing.
The pomelo has a medium-sized flower with a diameter of 3-7 cm. They look like six-pointed white stars. Flowers grow alone or gather in thyroid inflorescences of 6-10 pieces. Flowering is repeated several times during the season, from the trees they harvest up to 4 times a year, although the main season for picking Fruits is February and March.
The tree grows in the tropical zone, where the average air temperature is 25 ° C-30 ° C. It loves light sandy soils with a high salt content. In some countries, soil is specially watered with sea water or trenches are dug to the coast so that it arrives at high tide.
This type of citrus fruit is grown in Indonesia, Thailand, India, China, Malaysia, Fiji, the United States (Florida and California), and the Caribbean islands. In many countries, it is of great agricultural importance.
Description of the fetus
The fruit of the fruit is a bit like a grapefruit, but exceeds its size. Weight sometimes reaches 10 kg and a diameter of 30 cm. You can’t meet such giants in our stores, but even here the fruits weigh more than 1 kg, their diameter is 15-20 cm.
According to the description, the shape of the fetus is round, sometimes pear-shaped. From above it is covered with a thick peel with a loose white inner layer, clearly visible in the section. The color of the peel of ripe citrus from light green to yellow or pink-yellow. The side turned to the sun is more intense in color.
Inside, the berry is divided into segments, the partitions between them are thick and bitter in taste. The pulp of the pomelo consists of many elongated bags filled with juice. Her color is yellow or red, depending on the variety. There are several seeds inside each lobule. Unlike other citrus fruits, a ripe fruit is not so juicy, it is bitter or tart.
The composition of the fetus
Fruit is good for organism
Pomelo, or in other words pamela, has a rich composition. It includes (per 100 g of product):
- proteins - 0.5-0.8 g;
- fats - 0.1-0.3 g;
- carbohydrates - 8.2-8.6 g;
- fiber - 0.4-0.8 g;
- ash - 0.4-0.7 g;
- solids - 7.6-11.1 g;
- water - 88.5 g.
The calorie content of the fruit is only 38 kcal per 100 g.
In addition to the main substances, citrus contains many minerals. It has a lot of potassium, phosphorus, magnesium, calcium, iron. The pulp is rich in vitamins: it contains B vitamins (thiamine, riboflavin, biotin), beta-carotene, ascorbic and folic acid (vitamins C and B9). The skins and the core contain esters, limonoids, ethacrine and other organic acids.
Useful properties of pomelo
The healing properties of citrus fruit have been known for a long time. In China and other countries, it was used to treat colds, asthma, heart disease. The healing effect was so strong that over time the broom became sacred, it was brought as a gift to the gods. Until now, large rounded fruits are used in many religious ceremonies in Hindu temples.
Pamelo has a low calorie content, and high sugar content helps to quickly satisfy hunger. It is included in diet for weight loss. Fiber regulates the intestines, enzymes accelerate the metabolism of fats, which also contributes to weight loss. The pulp contains a lot of calcium, therefore eating fruit is recommended for diseases of bones and joints.
Essential oils, vitamin C and other substances make the body more resistant to infections, help to defeat viruses, and improve the immune response. Ethers have a favorable effect on the nervous system, soothe and relieve stress. Limonoids prevent the onset of cancer and even help destroy existing tumors. They have a good effect on vision, reduce cataract symptoms. The fruit replenishes the supply of vitamins, especially in late winter or early spring.
Juice and pulp reduce blood pressure, regulate cholesterol metabolism, prevent atherosclerosis and blood clots. Citrus also helps with bronchial asthma, relieves cough symptoms, facilitates the course of intestinal infections, relieves intoxication, cramping and abdominal pain. Citrus fruit is also recommended for alcohol poisoning. It is claimed that it regulates the production of female sex hormones and the menstrual cycle.
You should not eat fruit for people who are allergic to citrus fruits. With caution, it is used by patients with diabetes mellitus, you need to monitor the level of glucose in the blood. Do not recommend a pomelo during an exacerbation of an ulcer or with acute gastritis, enteritis, so as not to irritate the gastrointestinal mucosa. You should also limit the intake of citrus to lactating women so that the child does not have an allergic reaction.
To date, several varieties have been developed that differ in appearance, taste, and yield. There are even varieties that are grown at home. True, their fruits are small and tasteless: fruit of tropical origin does not ripen in a temperate climate. To get them, you need to make a lot of effort.
The main varieties of pomelo:
- Khao horn. The skin is yellow-green, the middle is light, almost white, the taste of the pomelo is sweet, after the final ripening, the bitterness is not felt.
- Khao namphung. The shape of the pear-shaped fruits, the peel is green-yellow, the flesh is white-yellow, sweet.
- Thai variety Khao paen. The shape of the fruit resembles a ball, flattened from the poles, the skin is green-yellow, 1-2 cm thick, during storage it becomes slightly wrinkled. Pomelo - it tastes sour-sweet fruit with a light, barely noticeable bitterness.
- Khao phuang from Bangkok. The shape is pear-shaped and elongated, diameter about 12 cm. Peel up to 2 cm thick, green-yellow, smooth. The pulp is juicy, sweet and sour, without bitterness and pits.
- A large spherical fruit with a diameter of 15 cm. The peel is thin, up to 1 cm thick. The pulp is pink, juicy and sweet, without bitterness, a lot of seeds.
- An early variety with a high nutrient content. The tree blooms in autumn, and bears fruit in late December or early January. The peel is light green, edible middle of white-yellow color, sweet.
- The variety comes from the island of the same name Timor. Large fruits grow on small trees, their skin is yellow, the soft part is yellow-pink.
- Large citrus with a yellow peel, rounded in shape. The pulp is harsh, yellow-orange, sweet. This variety is recommended for growing at home.
On the basis of pomelo, different hybrids are bred. For example, having crossed a white grapefruit with this citrus, they received oroblanco fruit, or chopped. Oroblanco in appearance resembles a grapefruit, but it has a thicker skin, pronounced bitterness. A hybrid of Israeli grapefruit with a pomelo is called sweetie. This fruit has a thick bitter peel, candied fruit is made from it. The pulp is juicy and sweet, without bitterness and seeds.
How to eat and choose a pomelo
People have been eating oranges, tangerines, lemons and even grapefruits for decades. But pamela is a fruit, relatively new in our area, because not everyone knows how to choose it correctly in the store.
Some useful tips:
- The aroma of citrus should feel even at a distance. If you took the fetus in your hand, sniffed it, and did not smell it, leave it on a supermarket shelf.
- Take fruits with evenly colored skin. It is light green, yellow or with a slight pink tint.
- To the touch, the peel should be dense, elastic, do not buy a pomelo with softening or sealing areas. In the first case, it is most likely rot. In the second - defects caused by improper cultivation or storage. The pulp of such fruits is tasteless and dry.
- Red or brown spots, stains are a sign of a plant's disease, which affects the taste.
We traditionally eat pomelo raw. First, a thick peel is cut, then the fruit is divided into segments. Thin skins are desirable to clean, they are bitter. In Asian countries, citrus is added to salads, even fish and meat. It is served with meat dishes, they say that it turns out so delicious. The food has a contrast of sweet and sour and salty.
Before lunch, baskets with pomelo as an aperitif are served in Vietnam. In some national cuisines, this citrus is cooked like a vegetable. It is fried in palm oil or added to soups. Candied fruits are often made from the thick peel of the fruit: they are covered with sugar, poured with syrup or succumb to dry processing. They are sweet, with spicy bitterness and a strong citrus aroma. Candied fruits are added to desserts or salty dishes.
The fruit pomelo found its application in cosmetology and aromatherapy. The peel contains a lot of essential oils. They are extracted and added to aromatic oils, perfumes and other cosmetics. From the pulp, good anti-aging masks are obtained that improve the complexion, make it smooth and supple. You need to take 100 g of pulp, add to it a spoonful of honey and lemon, apply to the face and hold for a quarter hour.
Everything interesting about the pomelo is mainly related to its origin and use in cooking. The sales season begins in January and lasts until April. In other months, citrus is also brought to some supermarkets. True, the prices for it at this time are higher.