Epidendrum orchid cultivation

Epidendrum orchid is considered one of the many species from the orchid family. In the environment, found in the subtropics and tropics of South and North America. It is also grown as a houseplant.

Orchid Epidendrum

Botanical characteristic

General external features of the plant:

  • branched short rhizome - an aerial creeping shoot of all plant species;
  • the foliage is stiff, thick, close to succulents, arranged in pairs on thin stems, has the shape of a lancet with a pointed end or a wide-oval appearance with a concave shape, similar to a boat or a scoop;
  • inflorescences are formed by multiple flowers in the form of a ball, spike or brush, have a saturated color, can be from 1 cm to 14 cm in diameter.

Varieties of epidendrum grown at home:

  • rooted - characterized by spherical inflorescences of bright red color;
  • cross - blooms in red, orange, yellow and purple;
  • ciliated - has carpal aromatic green-yellow inflorescences;
  • ivory - is distinguished by flowers of a shade of light ocher;
  • sickle - blooms with single flowers of green-white color;
  • Panamanian - refers to the number of new products in gardening, has petal flowers of lilac-pink color.

Climate requirements

Caring for the epidendrum at home involves creating a suitable microclimate for the plant.

Temperature

It prefers moderate to moderate warm conditions with a difference in daily temperature. The heat level in the daytime should be maintained within 18-25 ° C, at night - 12-16 ° C.

A temperature difference of more than 6 ° C provides an extension of the flowering period of the plant.

In the absence of the threat of sudden frosts, the flower is placed in the spring and summer on the street - in the garden or on the balcony loggia.

Shine

It requires good lighting throughout the year, but needs to be protected from direct sunlight. A suitable place is a windowsill in the west or east of the room. When the flower is located in the southern part of the apartment in the afternoon, it requires shading from the sun.

In the north, it is not recommended to plant a plant, but this option is possible by providing additional lighting using phytolamps with a level of at least 6000 lx, prolonging daylight hours to 10-12 hours, especially in autumn and winter.

Light for Epidendrum

Humidity

It does not require excessive moisture. The optimal mode is from 50 to 70%. To maintain this level, expanded clay is poured into the pan and a little liquid is poured into it. Twice a day, the foliage of the flower is moistened from the sprayer.

Water temperature for irrigation is 30-45 ° С. Water the flower by immersing the container for half an hour in a basin with water. Frequency of watering - as the bark dries, preventing its complete drying out.

Selection of soil mix and capacity

A suitable soil mixture for the plant includes pine bark, peat, sphagnum moss, charcoal. In this case, the pine bark acts as a block on which the rhizome and root system of the plant are attached, and sphagnum moss serves as protection against the rapid evaporation of moisture.

Capacities for growing epidendrum at home are selected for each individual variety:

  • large species are planted in pots,
  • compact flowers are grown on blocks.

Fertilizer complexes intended for orchids are introduced into the soil mixture every 2-3 weeks. Top dressing is done simultaneously with watering.

Transplantation and reproduction

Epidendrum is transplanted every 3-4 years. In case of excessive acidification of the soil mixture or decomposition of the block do it earlier. Transplant period - at the end of the flowering stage.

The dormant period of the orchid is no epidendrum.

Reproduction is carried out taking into account the variety:

  • kids growing up on shoots
  • separation of rhizomes,
  • the rooting of the apical part, which has formed aerial roots.

When dividing the bush, it is required to leave at least 3 developed pseudobulbs or processes on each part. In the process of reproduction, the children wait for the appearance of large roots and after that they cut the baby from the mother's flower.

Conclusion

In Russian floriculture, the epidendrum is infrequent and is preferred for cultivation by flower growers who have experience in breeding and caring for them. For beginners with a capricious variety of orchids, a number of problems can arise.

Recommended

Description of potato Kemerovochanin
2019
Characteristics of the variety of peppers Ratunda
2019
Characteristics of bell pepper
2019