Eggplant Roma F1
Eggplant Roma F1 is one of the most productive varieties. Vegetable is popular among gardeners because of its unpretentiousness to growing conditions. The variety is early ripe.
Eggplant Roma F1
Eggplant Roma F1 is grown in any region. From one bush you can collect about 1.5 kg of eggplant. With the square-nesting method of planting, plants can produce a total of up to 6 kg of fruit. It is possible to grow a vegetable both in the open ground and in greenhouses. Bushes grow up to 2 m in height.
Features eggplant varieties Roma F1:
- Resistant to diseases affecting nightshade.
- Love of water. With a lack of moisture, the water bends and falls.
- Mid-season. From the moment of emergence of the shoots and until the harvest no more than 140 days pass.
- Heat-loving. The optimum air temperature is close to 24 ° C. Lower rates cause the ovary to fall.
- The skin is thin and soft to the touch. In ripe vegetables, it is brilliant. The color of the fruit is dark purple.
- The size of the fruit is from 20 to 25 cm, and the maximum weight of one vegetable reaches 350 g.
- The pulp on the slices is dense. It is painted in ivory.
- There is no bitterness in the taste. The fruits are used for cooking pickles for the winter, stewing and frying, as well as pickling.
- The grains in the fruits are small and few. This is due to the fact that the plant belongs to hybrids and seeds collected from fruits do not multiply.
The fruits of eggplant varieties Roma have a high keeping quality and excellent transportability. Storage does not require special conditions.
Cultivation in regions with a temperate climate is carried out by seedlings. In the southern latitudes, the vegetable is sown directly in the holes.
Sowing seeds for seedlings begin depending on the region in late February - early March. Seeds are germinated throughout the day in a weak solution of potassium permanganate or using a means to increase germination.
The placement depth is 1 cm. It is preferable to sow the seeds in separate containers, the volume of which is more than 150 ml. In each glass put 1 swollen seed and sprinkle it with earth with a layer of 1 cm.
Land for sowing is used marked "For seedlings" or is prepared in the fall, combining:
- 20 parts of turf land;
- 10 parts of humus;
- 3 parts of peat.
Before sowing the vegetable, the soil is abundantly watered with a solution of potassium permanganate and heated in the room under a film for at least 10 days. Phytosporin is also used as a disinfectant.
The first sprouts appear on the 7th day. Until this time, the seed container is left covered with a film. Growing seedlings of eggplant varieties Roma F1, provide plants:
- daylight hours of 14 hours;
- lack of drafts and air temperature drops in the room;
- regular watering.
You do not have to feed seedlings in pots. Water for irrigation use only warm and settled.
Seedlings can be planted in mid-May
It is more optimal to transfer seedlings to open ground or to greenhouses in the second decade of May. Seedlings are taken out together with a lump of earth and placed in a pre-prepared hole. After this, sprinkle seedlings and lightly tamp the hole with your hands. After the operation, beds with plants are abundantly watered.
The bushes are located on a site with good lighting and protected from gusty winds. Wells need to be harvested at a distance of 60 cm from each other. The optimal method of landing is a square-nested.
Eggplant seedlings need repeated feeding, regardless of the structure and nutrition of the substrate in which they grow. Fertilize only plants planted in a permanent place. Do it 3 times per season:
- 2 weeks after transplantation;
- at the beginning of the appearance of buds;
- during the ripening period of the crop.
The best fertilizers for the first feeding are cow manure or bird droppings, diluted in water. The second top dressing should contain:
The third feeding consists of phosphorus and potassium. It is always produced 40 days before the harvest. That is why, at this stage, chemical compositions that contribute to the accumulation of nitrates in fruits are not used, but are limited to simple compositions.
Watering should be regular and plentiful. Be sure to water the soil after applying mineral fertilizers. The best irrigation fluid is water that has been left standing for several days. During this time, it will heat up and get rid of chlorine.
The frequency of watering depends on weather conditions. On cold days, watering is reduced. To preserve moisture on hot days, the soil is mulched. Indicators of lack of moisture:
- drooping leaves;
- falling buds;
- loss of ovary:
- yellowing of the fruit.
Excess moisture also has a negative effect on fruits and plants. Evidence of this is the decay of the stem and damage to the fruit.
Diseases and Pests
According to the description of eggplant varieties Roma F1, it is resistant to pathogens that cause the main diseases of nightshade: phytosporosis and gray rot. Particular attention is paid to the fight against the Colorado potato beetle, whose larvae can eat all the leaves on a bush in 24 hours, which must be dealt with from the moment plants are planted in the ground.
To repel the pest, folk remedies or insecticides with a short action that kill mainly larvae are used. The last processing of plants is carried out at least 1 month before harvest.
Eggplant varieties Roma F1 are used in cooking and canning. Its cultivation is no more difficult than the cultivation of any other varieties of such a crop. The vegetable does not require special care or conditions of detention.
Put into practice the secrets and rules of seedling and seedlings care in a constant place to get a high quality crop.