Diseases of decorative ferrets
Pet diseases are always a big stress for their owner. Ferris in ferrets or severe diarrhea that does not stop for days - any ailment needs urgent medical treatment.
Diseases of ornamental ferrets
More complex diseases: insulinoma in a ferret or tumor threaten not only the health of the pet, but also its life. Helping the beast is the primary task of its owner. What ferret diseases can be cured at home?
Dangerous diseases in a decorative ferret
Often the content of active animals is associated with problems and various diseases. The immunity of animals that are kept at home is weak, and their body is susceptible to constant viral and infectious diseases. It happens that the ferret's paraanal glands become inflamed sharply or the estrus does not end in due time. In any case, such changes in the animal organism cannot be ignored.
Diarrhea in a ferret is a common phenomenon that does not always indicate serious pathologies of the internal organs. Watery stools may be a separate symptom or a consequence of malnutrition of the animal. Unwashed feeding troughs or dirty water in the drinker leads to the fact that the pet begins diarrhea or symptoms of food poisoning are observed. Careful care of the animal and checking the feed, water and vitamins will avoid serious consequences for the health of pets.
The main symptoms and treatment determine how quickly the ferret recovers from the illness.
Worms are another problem tormenting animals of different ages. Helminth eggs penetrate the animal's body through food, water, and contacts with the environment. Diseases in ferrets associated with parasites are treated with special anthelmintic agents. Effective drugs can only be prescribed by a veterinarian.
There are cases when the animal is annoyed by cystitis. The ferret's bladder inflammation can be cured only by careful care of the animal and arrangement of its bed (warming the old hammock or replacing it with a new house).
The owner needs to carefully take care of his pet
The tick starts in animals living in dirty cages. The mite itself is dangerous only with prolonged contact with the skin and mucous membrane of the animal. The parasite feeds on blood and at the same time throws dangerous substances into the bloodstream of the pet. If the tick feeds on the host for a long time, the ferret has weakness and persistent diseases.
Animals suffer from ear infections in the cold season or in apartments with constant drafts. Treatment for viral diseases or ear infections is carried out in several stages, and further prevention helps protect the health of the pet from relapses or their consequences. How to treat a pet at home?
Rabies and plague
Symptoms of the disease are alarming signals that can not be ignored. A pet is not able to formulate complaints, therefore, observing and attention of a person will help save the animal to the manifestation of fatal complications.
Rabies is a threat to the life of both young and old pets. First of all, rabies affects the central nervous system.
The main symptoms of the disease:
- impaired coordination of ferret movement, confused behavior;
- increased salivation.
The incubation period of the disease is from 1 to 3 months, but in some cases rabies can manifest itself within a few weeks after infection. No medications help the sick animal, and there is no cure for rabies. On the 5th day after the onset of the first acute symptoms, the animal dies.
The only way to save a ferret is to carry out regular prophylaxis. It is based on timely vaccination. Caring for animals begins long before the first symptoms appear. It threatens a serious illness with a fatal outcome to all households, because a sick animal must be isolated and kept calm.
Another contagious disease - the plague - affects pets, but not in all cases leads to death. First, the plague affects the respiratory tract of the animal, and then its entire digestive system. A pet can become infected only through contact with a sick living being. In the last stages, the disease affects the central nervous system, so the plague becomes pronounced and noticeable. You can also become infected with the disease by airborne droplets, therefore, you need to isolate a sick animal urgently. Young ferrets with weak defense mechanisms are prone to the plague.
The incubation period of the plague is not more than a month. The first symptomatology is expressed in loss of appetite and fever. The external manifestations of a dangerous disease resembles a severe cold with conjunctivitis in the eyes.
Without treatment, the death of the pet occurs within 2 weeks. You can try to save the animal only at the initial stage, after which the animals have no chance to cope with the disease. The best solution is timely vaccination and strengthening the pet's immune system.
Influenza and Infectious Diseases
Influenza that affects humans can also damage ferrets. Even proper care of the pet will not protect him from viral diseases. If several animals live in the house at once, they can easily become infected with one disease transmitted by airborne droplets.
The incubation period for influenza is exactly one week. The first signs of infection are:
- fever and chills (body temperature rises to 40 ° C);
- in the initial stages, nasal discharge appears and appetite decreases;
- a sick animal becomes weak, constantly sleeps and eats almost nothing;
- loose stools;
- pneumonia as the main complication of untreated flu.
Ferret Infectious Diseases
Symptoms are similar to the manifestation of influenza in humans. The animal is constantly freezing and trying to hide in a hammock.
A viral disease permanently weakens the immune system of ferrets, therefore, against the background of influenza, the animal can develop various respiratory infections. Pneumonia, rhinitis and bronchitis are common complications.
Viral infections look the same way, and the pet owner will not be able to distinguish rhinitis from pneumonia. The necessary examination will be carried out only by a veterinarian who will prescribe further effective treatment.
The first step is to equip a sick animal in a calm, warm and quiet place. Only high-quality products, water, vitamins should be put in the feeder and drinkers. If a couple of days of calm does not help the ferret, the veterinarian prescribes a medical course of treatment.
Anal gland inflammation
Ferrets have two glands located on either side of the anus. As soon as feces leave the animal, a certain secret is secreted from the glands. The substance has an unpleasant odor that drives away rivals. The secret helps the animal to empty itself and mark the territory. Diseases of ferrets associated with the malfunction of one gland lead to a strong inflammatory process. If a too thick secret comes out of the glands, obstruction of the gland and the penetration of various infections into the body occur.
Inflammation of the paraanal glands in the ferret is quite common, especially in individuals with low immunity and weak protective mechanisms. The inflammatory process without treatment leads to the formation of abscesses. The removal of the paranal glands in a ferret is an extreme measure that only veterinarians resort to in animals with an advanced form of the disease. Inflammation threatens the health of a young animal.
Around the anus in ferrets with glandular inflammation, pus is formed with an unpleasant odor. The removal of the paranal glands in the ferret does not always help, especially in those cases when several infections penetrated the body of the pet at once. Negative changes in the body of ferrets (inflammation, secretions and ulcers formed near the diseased gland) are accompanied by severe pain. If an abscess opens, it will not be possible to avoid consequences for the animal.
The obstruction of the paraanal glands is manifested in the following symptoms:
- pet anxiety (the animal is constantly itching);
- decreased appetite;
- painful appearance;
- loose stools;
- purulent discharge.
Near the damaged paraanal glands, pus and stagnant secretions accumulate, which is why the healthy mucous membrane around the anus suffers. As a result - inflammation, wounds and ulcers. Open wounds near the gland (from the paraanal glands) are a favorable environment for the penetration of secondary infections and pathogenic microorganisms into the body.
An adult or young ferret can get inflammation of the paraanal canals at any time of the year. A course of antibiotics will reduce the swelling of the gland and soothe ulcers. Twice a day, the resulting pus is carefully removed. Damage directly to the paralanal channels is important. If the drug course does not help, the glands should be removed.
Treatment for Aleutian ferret disease or inflammation of the ducts near the anus gives positive results only in the initial stages of the disease. Removal of affected organs or body parts of animals is an emergency and necessary measure, to which it is not necessary to bring.
Symptoms of cancer are often observed in ferrets. Medical examinations find neoplasms in every third pet.
Lymphomas and other malignancies can appear in both young animals and adult ferrets. At the very beginning, the disease is completely asymptomatic. An unpleasant and dangerous process can take place in the body of the animal for several months. Only a full examination of the animal's body and blood tests will make it possible to make an accurate diagnosis. Self-diagnosis of a pet at home is ineffective. What to do if a pet gets sick with lymphoma?
The treatment of animals for tumors consists in excising the formation. Removal of several neoplasms at once is not carried out. Cancer treatment in the later stages is also not carried out. The use of hormones shows good results and eliminates frequent relapses. If the removal of the tumor is not prescribed, and the drugs do not help, the person’s task is to provide the animal with peace and care in the last days of life.
Another type of cancer - insulinoma - threatens adult pets. Both males and females get this disease. For the treatment of insulinomas, medical and surgical methods are used. With the help of drugs, it is possible to slow down the growth of the tumor and alleviate the condition of the animal.
Any disease in domestic ferrets is the result of an inattentive attitude of the owner. Their treatment should be carried out exactly on time and after talking with the veterinarian, otherwise you can lose your pet.