Diseases and treatments for ficus

Ficus is particularly popular among home decorative bush flowers. Caring for it is quite simple, however, like many flowers, it is susceptible to various diseases. Ficus diseases are quite simple, their causes are mainly poor conditions, lack of prevention or a sick flower in the neighborhood.

Diseases and treatments for ficus

Treatment of the bush largely depends on the nature of the disease. In some cases, florists recommend the use of medicinal rubbing and spraying, but sometimes the plant has to be cut to the root, since only in this way can the flower be saved.

Causes of disease

Why are ficuses ill? Various factors contribute to this, but most often the fault is caused by improper flower care:

  • lack of light and strong temperature fluctuation;
  • dry air
  • non-compliance with the irrigation regime: too much water or lack thereof;
  • lack of mineral feed or excess fertilizer;
  • land unsuitable for a flower.

If the plant began to fade and discard the foliage, the conditions of its maintenance should be checked. At first, it is worth changing the location of the pot and revising the watering regime.

If after a few days the ficus continues to die, the cause of the disease of the ficus is pests or a fungus. In this case, it is necessary to inspect the leaves and branches for stains or mold. Their presence indicates harmful insects. Depending on the cause of the disease, ficuses vary and their treatment.

Foliage diseases

Any ficus disease is primarily manifested on the leaves. Leaf diseases have several external manifestations:

Yellowing

Yellowing leaves may be due to overdried indoor air. A similar phenomenon can most often be observed in winter if you put the plant near the battery. The leaves begin to dry and fade, their color from green becomes yellowish. If the ficus loses too much foliage, it will die. To solve this problem, you need to rearrange the pot in another place and spray the leaves with water once every few days.

Do not get involved in permutations: the ficus prefers stability and can experience stress from a frequent change of place. Nerve shock in plants manifests itself in the same way: foliage turns yellow and falls. You should initially choose the optimal location of the indoor flower.

Fineness

The fineness of the leaf, poor elasticity and rapid decay of the crown indicate a lack of mineral components in the soil. Ficus needs proper nutrition. If the foliage of the plant began to degenerate and fall, the flower should be transplanted into another earth. The new soil should contain sand, peat and sheet land. After the transplant, the ficus should be watered and not disturbed for a while.

If the leaves turn yellow at the edges and quickly fall off, this indicates increased humidity of the earth. Between watering, a strict period of time must be observed: the soil must have time to completely dry out, otherwise the root system may begin to rot.

Sheet reset

Falling leaves in the lower part of the stem is most often not a sign of illness. This is a natural process associated with the age of the flower.

If the trunk of the tree is too bare, the ficus is uncomfortable in the pot. Such a plant should be transplanted.

Withering away

Dying off the crown is usually the first symptom of infectious infections and harmful insects. In this case, the foliage must be treated with special preparations or a soap solution.

A book will help determine the type of disease

If the ficus leaves began to die off quickly, a thorough examination should be carried out to identify the disease. To make sure the diagnosis is correct, you can use the atlas of plant diseases, reflecting ficus diseases with photos of lesions.

Pests

Pests of Rubber-bearing ficus are living microorganisms and insects that feed on foliage, sap, or plant roots. Most often, they fall into the pot along with poor-quality land. Sometimes an infected plant can be accidentally purchased at a store.

Pests are a great danger to indoor plants, as they are easily transmitted from one flower to another. Signs of pest damage can be expressed in different ways.

Shield

A characteristic feature for this type of pests are convex spots on the inside of the leaves. They occur along the veins and in some cases can hit the rubber trunk and the outer surface of the crown. First of all, the juice of the plant is important for shields, they suck it out, leaving behind sticky secretions. In a similar environment, another parasitic organism, the sooty mushroom, also likes to settle.

To combat the scale shield at home, you will need soapy water and Actellik. First you need to treat the foliage with a soapy solution, and then disinfect the affected area with the drug.

Mealybug

The disease looks like small pieces of cobwebs on the foliage of a brown insect.

The worm feeds on the juice of the plant, slowing down the development of broadleaf ficus. Also, the pest can be transported by air to other indoor flowers.

Care for ficus during infection consists in destroying the cobwebs and wiping the leaves with a soap solution. A folk remedy helps well from the worm: water infused with tobacco. Similar procedures should be carried out daily until the flower is fully recovered. If the disease affects most of the plant, it should be sprayed with confidrome.

Spider mite

This pest appears in warm and dry rooms. The tick does not pierce the leaves of the plant, but gnaws the skin to the pulp and sucks out the liquid. The insect leaves brown spots after itself. The tick multiplies very quickly and creates a colony; rubbery ficus can be completely covered with cobwebs in a week.

A disease can kill a flower

Affected foliage is rapidly dying. There are two types of spider mites: yellow and red.

To get rid of the insect, you should increase the humidity in the room. The leaves of a sick ficus should be sprayed with water and wiped with a soap solution. As a treatment, you can wrap the flower with a dense plastic bag for several days, and then treat it with ground gray or garlic tincture. For accelerated recovery, ficus is sprayed with insecticidal agents.

Thrips

Such pests prefer a colonial lifestyle and settle on the inner surface of the leaf. A favorable environment for thrips is a warm room with high humidity. After the insect, brown spots with a dark convoy remain on the foliage of the ficus. The crown of the plant quickly turns yellow and dies. In addition, the pest is a carrier of many infections.

Pyrethrum solution is used to kill thrips. The plant is treated twice a day for a week. There are other drugs designed to help fight this insect:

  • Actara;
  • Actillic;
  • Tanrek.

Aphid

This is one of the most popular types of pests in the world. Aphids are characterized by increased activity in the warm season, in addition, it is able to infect many plants, because it can fly.

Aphids settle in a small colony on the inside of the leaf. Such leaves begin to curl, and then turn yellow and die. To save the plant from aphid invasion, ficus leaves need to be treated with soapy water or Pyrethrum.

Nematodes

A sign of the settlement of insects on the plant are small nodular swellings that appear on the root system. Isolation of nematodes is poisonous to flowers and, eating roots, these worms poison the plant itself. The flower begins to fade and lose foliage. These pests are dangerous because the infected bush is no longer suitable for reproduction. Also, in the initial stages of the disease Rubber-bearing ficus, the symptoms do not appear.

Various insecticides will help get rid of nematodes. However, if the disease has already begun to plague, it is better to throw the plant away to prevent infection of other indoor flowers.

Fungal lesions

Plant can infect fungus

A fungus is a parasitic organism that lives off plant resources. Such a neighbor is dangerous because it can get into the pot with soil and is at rest for a long time. Of all diseases, the fungus is the most difficult to predict, but its treatment is faster, and the plant is injured less than from pests. There are several types of fungus that can infect rubbery ficus.

Gray rot

This fungus looks like gray mold. The affected area is the leaves and trunk of the plant. If the ficus is slightly shaken, the mold comes off the leaves and flies off with fine dust. The affected crown quickly blackens and falls. Most often, this disease manifests itself in a damp and warm room.

To treat gray rot, all infected parts of the flower should be cut. In order to prevent, you need to ventilate the room, control the quantity and quality of water for irrigation.

Soot fungus

This parasitic organism prefers the discharge left after the pests. Sooty mushroom has a gray-black color and looks like a coating on the outside of the leaves. If the crown is covered with white coating and is easily erased, this is a sign of powdery mildew.

Home treatment consists in treating the foliage with a rag dipped in soapy water. If the disease has dragged on, infected leaves need to be cut. The plant itself will help revive the solution of Funkitsida.

Fungi on the crown

There are several types of fungus that infect ficus leaves:

  • Cercospora - black lesions in the form of spots. Over time, the leaves begin to turn yellow and fall off.
  • Anthracnose - rusty spots on the edges of the sheet. The fungus covers the leaf not only with dots, but also with wet ulcers. Sick leaves also fall off.
  • Botritis is characterized by a brown lesion, which gradually captures the entire leaf. The spots are characterized by a black halo.

In the case of deciduous fungus treatment should be timely. All infected parts of the ficus are carefully cut and disinfected with a fungicide. The foliage of neighboring plants should also be treated.

Root rot

This type of fungus appears in soil with high humidity. The plant begins to fade, the crown becomes gray. Spots of rot creep along the trunk and roots.

Treatment in this case is impossible. Such a plant is thrown out with the pot, because even a thorough disinfection does not always save from the fungus. The disease can remain in the soil for a long time at rest and become more active if the moisture level in the room is too high.

Too frequent watering can seriously damage the ficus, even if the soil is not infected with the fungus. If you constantly fill the plant, the so-called dropsy forms on the flower. These are small corks on the inner surface of the leaves. Such a defect is not treated and the affected foliage is simply trimmed.

Prevention

Proper care of the bush will help minimize the risk of ficus disease. You should adhere to the watering schedule, feed with mineral components and cut dry leaves and branches in time. Also, the plant needs to receive a daily norm of light and heat, the air in the room should not stagnate.

To protect rubbery ficus from infection and pests, you need to follow a number of rules:

  • A newly acquired flower needs to be quarantined for some time. Usually the isolation period is not more than a week. Ficus is best kept in a separate room so that the disease is not transmitted through the air. If no infectious diseases were quarantined after a week, the plant can be placed next to others.
  • Inspection of flowers is advisable to carry out every day. Particular attention should be paid to the lower part of the stem and the inner surface of the leaves.
  • Each month, ficus foliage should be treated with soapy water. A similar procedure is vital for bushes located on open loggias or growing on the street.

Conclusion

To get a beautiful and healthy flower, you need to carefully monitor its comfort. If you know what are the weaknesses of such a rubbery ficus, what are its diseases and how to conduct treatment, everyone can grow a beautiful bush.

The pot and pan need regular disinfection. The earth is also cleaned of pests using a solution of potassium permanganate.

You can not put plants close to each other: there should always be a certain distance between them. With excessive crowding, an infectious disease can affect all the pots.

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