Diet and nutrition rules of the bull
The seeding bull plays the most important role in the systematic development of the cattle breeding farm. Feeding a seeding bull has a number of features.
A harmonious diet increases sexual desire, improves sperm quality. The amount of feed depends on the mass of the male, the breeding load. In winter and early spring, you need to increase the amount of vitamins and minerals.
Features of the diet of inseminators
When it comes to cattle producers, the main role is played by their breeding value.
It characterizes the genetic potential of the bull, its ability to give offspring suitable for economic quality. Cows that have high milk production are born from such individuals. The offspring hereditarily has good external indicators and health. The normal development of qualities is influenced by feeding.
Care for breeding males needs appropriate. A balanced diet is designed to increase sexual desire, activity, quantity and quality of ejaculate. Also, reasonable feeding will help to maintain the health of bulls and use them longer for offspring.
Excess feed also affects producers badly, as well as insufficient: bulls begin to fatten, the photo shows that it is the inseminators that are characterized by large growth. Obesity reduces sexual desire, males do not mate. Their behavior can become aggressive. The quality of sperm is getting worse.
When compiling the diet of the inseminator, the parameters are taken into account:
- tribal load;
- number of days of rest;
- body weight.
The manufacturer should receive a sufficient amount of protein. This is the most important component of the diet. It forms muscle mass, affects the composition of the seed. A healthy adult male cattle must be large, tall, with a wide chest and minimal fat mass. Vitamins and minerals also significantly affect the health of males. The largest role is played by vitamin A: it is involved in the regulation of the activity of the sex glands in cattle.
How to feed young gobies
Production bulls can be obtained from the mating of a cow and a male with high breeding value. To grow a strong, beautiful, healthy and active male will help the right diet.
The calf before the age of one must actively gain weight (up to 1 kg per day), therefore animals are fed plentifully. By the age of 12 months, the calf’s body weight will be up to 330-360 kg. Proper nutrition of young males will ensure good productivity in the future.
After reaching the age of one year, calves begin to feed moderately. The correct diet ensures the normal development of the sex glands, accelerates the onset of maturity. You can collect ejaculate from a healthy young bull-calf and evaluate the quality of future pedigree offspring. Tribal value should be at a high level. Sperm of such an animal is used for insemination of cows.
Harmonious nutrition for gobies older than one year weighing 330-360 kg:
- Green food. The basis of the diet is hay from the grass of cereals and legumes. Food must have good taste.
- A simple compound feed. The components of the feed are grain (corn or oat), a product with a high protein content (meal, dry return).
If necessary, vitamins A, D and mineral supplements (sodium chloride, phosphates) are added to the feed. Bulls need to be fed with clean water. Proper care will allow you to grow a productive insemination bull.
Males begin to inseminate cows at 1.5 years of age, the breeding load is constantly growing and becomes maximum when the bull reaches the age of three.
How to Feed Adult Bulls
The diet of the breeding bull needs to be adjusted every month. It is important to consider such factors:
- live weight;
- appearance of the hairline;
- condition of the front and hind legs;
- hoof glaze quality;
- behavior in relation to other animals and humans;
- evenness when standing, ease and speed of walking;
- interest in food.
If the inseminator has noticeably gained weight, his gait is heavy, his legs are bent. These are clear signs of the onset of obesity. The intensity of feeding should be reduced. Loss of appetite may indicate vitamin deficiency or gastrointestinal problems.
A bull-producer should receive an equally rich diet all year round so that the breeding load on it does not decrease. In winter and early spring, hay loses its nutritional value and vitamins, therefore, nutritional supplements are purchased at this time of year. Vitamin deficiency in a bull will lead to a violation of sexual function and a decrease in sperm quality.
The seedling needs 2 or 3 meals a day. Feeding is carried out from a separate feeder. In the morning, a large bull producer must eat half of the daily amount of feed, 1.5-3 kg of hay. When the seminal fluid is taken, the bull is fed exclusively with compound feed in the morning. Hay is given after taking biomaterial
How to feed manufacturing bulls
The vitamin and mineral composition of feed should remain constant throughout the year. You need to feed the bulls using the components:
- Green hay. Use hay from legumes and cereal grasses. If the bull weighs 600 kg, they give him 10 kg of grass per day, 800 kg - 11 kg of grass, 1 ton - 13 kg of grass.
- Combined feed. It consists of a mixture of oats (35%), wheat bran (24%), wheat grain (5%), barley (16%), sunflower meal (10%), yeast (3%), an admixture of skimmed milk powder (5% ), table salt (1%). A bull weighing 600 kg is given 2.8 kg of feed, per 800 kg - 2.9 kg, the largest bull with a weight of 1000 kg should receive 3 kg of feed.
- Animal product. Mix with frequent use of the bull (insemination 2-3 times a week). Meat and bone meal, fish meal, chicken eggs, etc. are used.
The seedling needs 2 or 3 meals a day. Feeding is carried out from a separate feeder. In the morning, a large insemination bull should eat half of the daily amount of feed, 1.5-3 kg of hay. When the seminal fluid is taken, the bull is fed exclusively with compound feed in the morning. Hay is given after taking biomaterial
Bull diet in winter and early spring
In summer and autumn, there are enough vitamins in green hay. In the winter, vitamins may not be enough for the bulls, therefore, the diet of inseminators is adjusted. Supplements with vitamins A, E and D are mixed into the feed.
Norms of vitamins for livestock should be indicated on the packaging. Of the minerals used sodium chloride (table salt), feed phosphate. It is also necessary to increase the amount of protein in the diet, this is important for the cow. It is advisable to add 50-400 g of skimmed milk powder daily, 4-5 pcs. eggs, blood or bone meal, 2-3 liters of skim milk. A rich diet in the winter season can maintain a high level of sperm production.
Which feed to choose
The quality of food must always remain at a high level. It should include a variety of components, each of which performs its function. Recommendations will help to make feed better:
- Cereal grass mow during the formation of spikelets. Legumes are harvested after flowering begins.
- Of cereal plants, it is better to choose bluegrass grass, fescue, and fox tail.
- High-quality hay should be stored in a dry, ventilated area, protected from rodents.
- A good compound feed should have a diverse and rich composition.
- New batches of animal feed must be sent for examination to the veterinary laboratory. There they will check its safety for the animal.
Hay after harvest is given to feed the bulls only after 30 days. Instead of feed, if the assessment showed its unsuitability, you can feed the animals with a grain mixture of oats, barley and wheat. The stock of such a mixture should always be on the farm.
Pedigree bulls must eat quality, then they will have high-quality seed. The diet has a direct effect on sexual activity and future offspring. The amount of feed depends on the load on the bull, its current weight. It is necessary to adjust the animal’s nutrition on a monthly basis, but do it in accordance with the rules, without violations, without overfeeding, etc.