Description of the Williams Pear
Pear Williams was bred in the county of Bexshire (England) as early as 1796. After a while, they began to grow it in France, and later in other European countries. Today, Williams has several varieties at once: Summer (Duchess, Bartlett), Winter (Cure) and Red (Rouge Delbara).
Description of the Williams Pear
Williams pears have excellent flavoring qualities of fruits, so the variety is considered a dessert. In order for the plant to yield good harvests, the participation of pollinators, among which quince, as well as varieties Lyubimitsa Klappa and Forest Beauty, are necessary.
According to the description, Williams pear trees begin to bear fruit in 3-5 years of life. The fruits ripen closer to mid-August.
Pears Cure and Rouge Delbar can be stored for up to 2 months, while maintaining taste and useful properties. They are used for making desserts and pastries, pear compotes and jams, drying and fruit salads. Due to the health benefits and low calorie content, they are recommended to be used by overweight people and those who follow the figure.
It is believed that the first appeared late-ripening variety, known as Cure or Plebanovka.
Winter Williams (Cure)
Pear Williams Winter is more common in warm regions, because constant cold badly affects the taste of the fruit. Short-term cold does not severely injure the plant, as a result, they retain the ability to bear fruit well.
The plants are strong and tall. Their wide and dense crown has a pyramidal shape. During active fruiting, the branches under the weight of the fruit fall down, since the yield is quite high. Leaves are deep green, thick.
The flowering of the variety is plentiful, the ovary is well formed. The flowers have a white-pink color, large. The best pollinators are considered to be Duches and Olivier de Ser.
According to the description, the fruits are slightly oblong and quite large. Their weight ranges from 150 to 250 g. The skin has a rich yellow color, on which a longitudinal brown stripe often appears. The pulp is juicy and granular, has a sweet and sour taste and a light aroma.
Summer Williams (Duchess)
Pear Williams Summer is considered one of the best, due to the abundant harvest, so the period of active growth of the plant ends at the age of 10-12 years.
The pear variety Williams begins to bloom quite late. The first fruits ripen towards the end of August and early September. They are harvested earlier than full ripening to extend storage.
The fruits are medium-sized, weighing about 150-160 g. They are distinguished by excellent taste and a pleasant pear aroma. The pulp is juicy, has a slight acidity, but is very sweet.
Pear Williams Red has a neat crown. It has a high yield, the period of active ripening begins in late August. The fruits have an oblong shape and large or medium sizes: from 150 to 200 g. Their yellow color is almost completely blocked by a rich burgundy blush. The pulp has a sweet taste, juicy, melting and tender.
Pear needs sunlight
Planting of young trees is carried out in early spring or autumn (at the end of the growing season). To do this, choose a sunny place without drafts.
The standard dimensions of the landing pit are about 80 cm deep and 60 cm in diameter. A pre-prepared mixture is poured onto the bottom, which consists of garden soil and humus (1: 1) with the addition of 350 g of superphosphate and 350 g of potassium sulfate.
The plant is well inspected and pre-soaked in a solution that stimulates root growth for 5-12 hours. After that, the seedling is carefully lowered into the pit and covered with soil. A peg is hammered near the trunk to which the plant is tied. The soil is slightly tamped and well moistened.
Plant care is carried out standard, it consists in timely watering, fertilizing, pruning trees and preparing them for winter.
Young Williams plants, regardless of the subspecies, need frequent watering during the first 2-3 years (3-4 times a week). Watering of adult trees is carried out much less often, depending on growing conditions, from 3 to 6-7 times per season.
Before fruiting, trees are fed annually in spring. This includes manure mulching with the addition of 100 g of azofoska. Adult plants fertilize in the fall. During digging, mineral fertilizing in combination with organic matter is introduced into the soil. It is possible to carry out additional dressing before fruiting.
The first pruning of a young plant is carried out in early spring. Leave from 4 to 5 lateral shoots and shorten them to 30 cm. Adult plants are cut twice: in the autumn they carry out sanitary pruning, in the spring - rejuvenating (thinning).
Williams Rouge Delbara and Duchesse pears have medium resistance to low temperatures, therefore they are recommended to be sheltered for the winter. It is necessary to loosen the soil in places where trees grow, and regularly remove weeds.
Diseases and Pests
The most common diseases that affect Williams pears can be distinguished.
- Scab - spots of greenish-black color on fruits and leaves. To avoid the disease, it is necessary to regularly remove fallen leaves from the site. A good result guarantees spraying the trees with colloidal sulfur and copper sulfate.
- Cytosporosis - a pressed reddish-brown spot on the trunk. The affected area is cleaned and disinfected with Bordeaux liquid.
- Rust - spots on leaves that later form swellings. To combat the disease using a 2% solution of colloidal sulfur.
- Fruit rot.
Among the insect pests are noted copper flocks, aphids, pear bugs and gall mites.
The red, summer and winter varieties of Williams pear have a number of characteristics, among which each gardener, depending on the method of selling the crop, climatic conditions and personal preferences, will be able to choose the right one.