Description of Veles Pear
Veles Pear is one of the most common varieties of fruit trees. Most often, this species is grown in the suburbs. Many summer residents note the resistance of the variety to frequent diseases. It is also characterized by excellent taste and aroma.
Description of Veles Pear
General grade information
To get a new variety of fruit tree called Veles, breeders had to cross Venus and Beauty of the forest. Development for the withdrawal has been carried out for many years, starting in 1985. Only in 2001, the Veles pear variety was listed in the State Register of the Russian Federation.
The cultivation of this species is possible in any part of the country, because it is resistant to frost and does not die even under the influence of low temperatures.
At a young age, the tree has a large spreading crown. Every year the plant takes on a shape that looks more like a wide pyramid. According to the description, the height of an adult tree is not more than 4 m.
The main trunk is strong and powerful in structure, has a curved shape. Gloves are evenly spaced on all branches. The color of the side shoots is brown. The color of the leaves is dark green. Their surface is smooth, but at the ends there is a small area with pollen.
Full fruiting occurs in late August. Harvesting is recommended 2 times per season. The first time, in the middle of August, all the overall fruits are harvested. The second time, in mid-September, the remains of the crop.
Veles pear is characterized by smooth and smooth, soft yellow fruits. They are symmetrical and have no edges.
The average fruit weight is 200 g. Yield indicators are about 10 kg of selected high-quality products from 1 tree. The pulp is characterized by juiciness and excellent taste. Sugar level is about 17%. According to the description, the Veles pear belongs to the universal varieties. It can be consumed fresh or used for harvesting for the winter.
Although Veles pears are self-fertile, it is better to plant other varieties with them. This is necessary to create pollination conditions.
Ideal pollinators for this species are 3 types of pears.
- Northerner. She has good indicators of taste and commercial quality. The tree bears fruit in the summer. Despite this, it is not exposed to low temperatures.
- Leningrad. Refers to mid-season crops, begins to bear fruit in early autumn.
- Rogneda. Autumn type of pear, which has excellent indicators of the immune system, in relation to rot of fruit and scab.
Tree needs sunlight
Planting a Veles pear involves not only the proper placement of the seedling. It is important to take into account such features as the choice of planting material and the place for planting.
If you choose the wrong place to grow or buy a poor-quality seedling, the crop will not succeed. If you follow all the rules below, you can get a really high-quality tree that can bear fruit for decades.
Rules for choosing a seedling
Seedlings should be chosen, whose age is a maximum of 2 years. The height of the seedling should be at least 50 cm. In this case, be sure to pay attention to the smooth trunk without the presence of damaged sections. The number of side branches should be minimal. There are also some basic rules for the root system.
- The roots should not be dry, otherwise they will not take root in the ground.
- Their length should be more than 25 cm. This condition is necessary so that the tree can catch on the soil and not be damaged by strong gusts of wind.
- There should be no damage, otherwise fruiting is significantly reduced.
Preparing the landing site
A young tree is a heat-loving plant, so planting should be carried out on a site near the house in a place that is always lit by a large amount of sunlight: this allows the tree to be resistant to windy weather and severe frosts. The soil should contain a large amount of black soil or be sandy. If you select clay areas, then the development will be long, and fruiting will not occur.
Soil preparation is carried out in autumn. Initially, they dig a hole with a size of 50 x 100 cm. A small amount of organic substances (humus or peat) is poured onto the bottom, then the bottom is loosened so that the fertilizers can better penetrate into the ground.
There are several landing rules. If you follow all the recommendations, a pear of Veles variety will be much easier to develop:
- Near the hole, a support in the form of a peg is pre-installed. This is done so that the planted plant can be tied up, otherwise the trunk is deformed.
- The neck of the basal part is placed on the surface of the soil. If you dig it into the ground, the development of the roots will stop.
- The earth is poured out gradually. After making a small amount of land, the seedling is watered and pulled out a little. This is necessary for uniform distribution of land in the roots.
- After planting, a small side section is created around the tree and 2 buckets of water are poured into the resulting hole.
- Start mulching the soil. It is carried out using wood sawdust and a small amount of peat.
Proper care allows you to get a good harvest
So that Veles pear can bear fruit well, you need to provide her with quality and proper care.
At first, a young seedling is watered as often as possible. Watering interval - once every 3 days. Each tree should have at least 2 buckets (10 liters) of warm water. The plant is watered in the morning or in the evening: the sun's rays evaporate moisture, which leads to root rot. Adult trees (from the age of 1 year) are watered no more than once every 90 days. Frequent watering leads to plaque formation on the roots, and the plant dies.
On a young Veles pear, all branches are cut and only 1/3 part is removed. This is necessary for the correct formation of the crown. Such actions are best done in the spring, so that the remaining areas receive more nutrients. Mature trees should only be pruned when their branches are close to the ground or areas damaged by diseases are located on them.
Caring for the crop involves fertilizing. Top dressing includes organic and mineral substances. In spring, when flowering is just beginning, root dressing is carried out using nitrate or urea. The solution is prepared on the principle of 50 mg of substance per 10 liters of water. At least 5 l of solution is poured into each bush. In the summer, especially in early July, organics in the form of manure are used. For 20 liters of water take 1 liter of manure. In the 1st quarter m pour at least 5 liters of substance.
In autumn, it is advisable to use both mineral and organic substances. In the first case, bred 2 tbsp. l superphosphate funds in 10 liters of water and pour into the near-stem section. The second case involves the use of wood ash. 150 g of the mixture are instilled under each bush to a depth of 15 cm.
Parasites and diseases
According to the description, fungal infections rarely affect Veles pear. In addition to diseases, the Veles pear is exposed to parasites. When exposed to a pear mite, the treatment is carried out with Nitrafen or Karbofos. The drug is diluted according to the instructions indicated on the package.
If there is a pear tinnitus, the pear is watered with karbofos or a solution of laundry soap (250 g per 10 liters of water). Hawthorn is destroyed using dendrobacillin or lepodocide.
In the fight against silkworm, chlorophos is used. In a 10-liter bucket, 20 mg of the substance are diluted and sprayed.
Pear beetle is destroyed with the help of tincture of wormwood. To prepare it, you need 5 glasses of wormwood berries and 10 liters of water. The ingredients are mixed and infused for 5 hours.
Pear Veles is considered to be one of the best varieties of fruit trees. Some gardeners note her exacting care, but this is justified by excellent yield indicators.