Description of the variety of cucumbers German
Practically everyone who has their own land plot is engaged in the cultivation of cucumbers. Despite the fact that this garden culture cannot be called unpretentious, it is easy to care for. And choosing the right variety will simplify the process of growing cucumbers as much as possible. Today we will talk about the variety of cucumbers Herman, which is popular among summer residents.
Description of the variety of cucumbers German
Cucumber Herman is a hybrid F1, whose homeland is Holland. Its growing season is 36-42 days. Accordingly, the German cucumber variety f1 belongs to early ripening. The ovaries are bundles consisting of 7-9 cucumbers. Cucumber Herman f1 - self-pollinated, which simplifies care. This also allows you to grow this hybrid variety in greenhouses.
As for productivity, from one square meter you can get 15-25 kg of gherkins of a gherkin type. They are covered with a dark green skin, white-yellow stripes are present at the base, light green pulp is medium-dense. All cucumbers are almost the same size. Their length is 12 cm, weight 75-90 g, diameter - 3 cm. The fruit has a delicate taste, there is no bitterness. The height of the bush is 4-5 m.
After opening the package, you can see the seeds covered with a film. This film is formed as a result of pan coating with tiram. Through this procedure, high germination rates are achieved (at least 95%) and increase yield. Accordingly, it is not necessary to plant a large number of seeds and, after emergence, to thin out the bed. This simplifies the maintenance of the beds.
German cucumbers f1 are resistant to the following diseases:
- powdery mildew.
German f1 cucumbers are unpretentious to soils and climatic conditions. The main thing is that the soil is fertile. And this problem is solved by fertilizing. This versatility allows you to grow a variety in all regions of the country.
High productivity allows you to grow a variety of hybrid cucumbers Herman f1 on an industrial scale. All existing analogues of this variety (Courage, for example) are less productive. Almost the entire crop has excellent marketability, which is not lost during transportation. It should be attributed to the advantages and the presence of powerful shoots that do not break off under the weight of the fruit.
If you find that the seeds are not opened by the shell, then this is a fake. Such seedlings will not give a good crop. Therefore, it makes no sense to spend time planting and caring for such plants.
With good care you can harvest a lot
The seeds of German f1 cucumbers are expensive. And you cannot collect seed material yourself. This is due to the fact that hybrids have high yield characteristics only in the first generation. All subsequent generations yield decreases. In addition, plants of 2.3, etc. generations are not resistant to diseases.
German f1 cucumbers do not always respond well to transplantation. Therefore, it is better to immediately plant them in open ground. If seedlings are pre-grown, then during the transplant, the plant is placed in prepared holes with a root lump of earth.
Cultivation is complicated by the fact that it is demanding on the temperature regime. Young plants and seeds die in soil, the temperature of which does not exceed 8 degrees. The plant does not tolerate frost. In regions with a protracted spring, it is better to grow this hybrid in a greenhouse or under a temporary cover, which can be removed in summer.
Cucumbers are unstable to rust. Parasites also infect plants. Therefore, plants will have to be processed throughout the growing period. Insecticides are used before flowering. After the appearance of flowers, we give preference to folk methods of combating aphids, ticks and gall nematodes.
In view of the above shortcomings, it cannot be said that Herman is the best variety. But, if you create suitable conditions for him, you will be able to collect good crops of delicious cucumbers suitable for fresh consumption and canning.
It’s worth mentioning right away that Uncle German and German are different varieties. The first is an improved version of the German f1 cultivar.
Planting includes two stages: preparation of seeds and their sowing in the ground.
Preparing planting material
To get a good harvest, you need to properly prepare the seed material for planting. Pre-sowing preparation involves heating the seeds, which is carried out at a temperature of 60 degrees. Warm-up time - 2-3 hours.
Then, you can disinfect the seeds with special tools. But at this point, farmers have a debate. Since hybrid seeds are pre-treated, many people think that disinfection is not worth it before sowing. The maximum that needs to be done is to process the planting material with a growth stimulator.
Some summer residents, despite the recommendations of experts, collect seeds from hybrid varieties of cucumbers. They must be disinfected before landing. Use for this purpose the preparations NIUIF-2, TMTD, etc. It is possible to carry out processing with a weak solution of potassium permanganate. Properly prepared seeds germinate after 5-6 days.
Only certified products should be planted, which is better to buy in a specialized store. Good planting material is offered by Gavrish and Aelita. Make sure that the expiration date ends at least in November-December 2018.
Sowing seeds in the ground
Seedlings need to be carefully transplanted
You can plant seeds in open ground, or you can first grow seedlings. Based on the description of the variety, German cucumbers are best grown in seedlings. Each seed needs to be planted in a separate container. Due to the fragility of seedlings from individual containers, it will be easier to transplant into open ground than from a common container. We sow seeds in a mixture intended for growing vegetable crops. Experts recommend sowing seeds in early or mid-May.
It is very important to choose the right site for planting seedlings. Cucumbers need partial shade. You can plant them in areas that are in the shade of tall trees or along the fence. Before transplanting seedlings into the ground, we fertilize it with wood ash. According to the planting scheme, the bushes should be at a distance of 15-30 cm from each other. As for the row spacing, it should be 65-75 cm. If the seeds are planted in open ground, then the planting depth should be no more than 2 cm.
Plant transplantation is performed 25-28 days after sowing seeds in pots. Experts recommend planting seedlings in the ground no earlier than the beginning of June. By this time, the soil warms up to the desired temperature. In addition, this grade needs an air temperature in excess of 17 degrees. And on May nights, the air temperature can drop to 10-15 degrees.
When planting a bush, make sure that it is sufficiently loaded into the ground. We deepen it up to the first leaves.
Agricultural technology for vegetable production is simple. It includes watering, top dressing, preventive treatment, formation, garter and hilling of bushes.
- Watering. To grow a bush without proper watering will not work. Since this variety is heat-loving, you need to water it with warm water. We carry out watering as necessary. We do it in the evening. In the absence of rain, watering is carried out every 2-3 days. The day after watering, we loosen the soil.
- Hilling bushes is done after the third leaf appears. We perform this procedure carefully so as not to injure delicate bushes.
- Top dressing. We fertilize the plant throughout the growing period. The plant responds well to slurry and chicken droppings. We also produce foliar top dressing with complex mineral fertilizers.
- Preventative treatment. To grow a healthy bush, it must be treated from rust, to which this hybrid is unstable. We process before the plant blooms. It is also advisable to treat bushes from parasites. Aphids can be fought in folk ways, by planting calendula or other flowers with a pungent odor around the perimeter of the bed, which repels parasitic insects.
- Garter. Be sure to garter bushes. We use improvised materials for this. Twine, twine, thick fishing line, etc. are best suited. Every 8-9 days, we wrap the stem around the support.
Additionally, you can mulch the soil. This procedure helps maintain moisture in the soil. Mulching also eliminates the need for loosening after watering. And this simplifies the care of the vegetable crop. It is best to mulch the soil with sawdust.
Experts recommend forming a bush in one stalk. This method allows even in regions with a short summer to get a good harvest.
We are engaged in the formation of a bush from the first days after its landing in the ground. At the bottom of the plant, remove all leaves with a sharp garden tool. Wringing their hands is not recommended. Through lacerations, infection can get into the plant. Together with the lower leaves, we remove the side shoots that form at the bottom of the stem. Removing shoots is called pinching. The procedure is performed when the shoots reach a length of 4 cm. Later pinching harms the plant.
After the fifth leaf has appeared, the side shoots are not completely removed. Pinching is carried out at a distance of 18-20 cm from the stem. Starting from the eighth leaf, the cutting of the shoots is carried out at a distance of 33-35 cm from the stem.
If you form a bush in several stems, then you need to pinch the central shoot at a certain distance. This distance is regulated by the top support point of the bush. How much to leave the stems, you decide. Experts recommend leaving no more than 3 shoots.