Description of the variety of cabbage June
June cabbage is popular among gardeners, due to its early ripening. Its name speaks for itself: in June, cabbage is already ready for consumption.
Description of the variety of cabbage June
According to the description, the early June cabbage has:
- rounded shape;
- a characteristic green color, closer to the middle, gradually turning into yellow-green;
- the average length of the poker;
- vegetative period 90-100 days;
- the weight of a head is 1-2 kg;
- productivity of 5-7 kg per 1 square. m
Advantages and disadvantages
White cabbage in June has a high yield with a short ripening period. Also, cabbage when planting in open ground is resistant to spring frost, is able to withstand frosts to -5 ° C:
- the head is dense, does not crack during heavy watering;
- contains a large amount of vitamin C;
- It has a delicate, crispy taste and is suitable for all types of spring-summer salads.
According to the characteristic, the Early June cabbage variety also has drawbacks: the fruits have a short shelf life and they lose their taste when cooked or fermented.
You can plant a variety in any soil conditions, but in order to get a good harvest you need to follow some rules for the selection of such a vegetable.
The first thing to do before planting an early cabbage is to select first-class seeds. You should not experiment in this matter, give preference to proven seeds. They are purchased from a quality producer, because the seeds may be unlicensed and unsuitable for sowing due to improper storage conditions. Be sure to pay attention to the expiration date: you can’t sow expired material, the germination guarantee is reduced to 20%.
The soil for growing seeds is prepared in the fall.
To do this, mix soddy ground and humus (1: 1), add ash to them (10 kg of a mixture of 10 tbsp. L.). All this is thoroughly mixed. Ash prevents root diseases, is a natural antiseptic; It is rich in useful micro and macro elements. Instead of turf land, peat can be used.
It is important that the prepared mixture is fertile, loose and easily passes oxygen to the root. Land from the garden on which cruciferous plants were previously grown cannot be used: it has a high content of microorganisms, which adversely affects the development of vegetables.
Seedlings are planted after 50 days
For sowing seeds of early cabbage, the optimal period is from March 1 to March 28. In some regions of Russia and Ukraine, this period is shifted to an earlier date: mid-February - mid-March.
The time of seed germination in the soil, from sowing to the appearance of the first sprouts, is 10 days. The time from the appearance of the first sprouts to planting in open ground is 50-55 days.
Sowing seeds should take place 60-65 days before planting, and 30-35 days after planting seedlings harvest.
Almost all seeds sold in stores went through the processing process. This should be indicated on the packaging. If this does not happen, you will have to perform the processing yourself.
There are many ways to treat seeds before sowing: soaking in aloe, in a solution of ash, in potassium permanganate, in hydrogen peroxide.
The most common treatment method is heating the seeds in hot water (50 ° C.) For 20 minutes (you can use a thermos for this). After the seeds are cooled with cold water (5 minutes). Thus, the plant increases resistance to diseases of the root system.
Sowing and picking
Seeds are sown in pre-prepared trays or boxes with soil, the soil is well moistened. To prevent the possibility of the development of diseases, after sowing and before the appearance of the first seedlings, the soil is not watered.
After emergence, the first seedlings are thinned, leaving an area of 2 x 2 cm in size for one seedling. When the seedlings grow a little (1 or 2 leaves appear on the seedling), it is dived. The picking area is 3 x 3 cm.
2 weeks after the dive, the seedlings are again transplanted into pots (plastic or peat). The area of the seedling container is 5 x 5 cm.
Growing seeds can take place in separate pots. With this method of sowing, the root system is not injured, has a sufficiently large volume.
For the good development of seedlings and the root system, there is very little daylight plants, therefore, use a luminescent phytolamp. Seedling lighting lasts 14 hours a day.
When growing seedlings, they monitor the temperature regime in the room. High air temperature is especially harmful. Before the first seedlings appear, the optimum temperature is 18-19 ° C, after seedling shoots, the temperature should not be lower than 15-17 ° C during the day and 8-10 ° C at night. Such differences prevent the stretching of the plant, contribute to the strengthening of the root system.
When the plant is in pots or cassettes, it needs regular and balanced nutrition.
Fertilizers based on nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium are suitable as top dressing. Top dressing is carried out 3 times: a week after sowing, 2 weeks after the previous dressing and a few days before planting in open ground.
So that white cabbage can take root well in the soil, hardening is carried out. The procedure is performed 10 days before planting in open ground.
The first couple of days in the room where the seedlings are located, they open a window for 2-4 hours. In the next 4 days, seedlings are moved to the street or balcony at the same time. To protect from direct sunlight, seedlings are covered with gauze.
After a week, the seedlings remain on the street, while reducing watering, while preventing drying of the soil.
Planting the plant is advisable after the formation of 4-5 full leaves of cabbage.
June cabbage will give a rich and healthy harvest, subject to certain rules of planting and cultivation.