Description of Trout Pear
Pear Trout has a history dating back decades, it is widely grown in China, the USA and Latin America. To date, its fruits are considered the most beautiful and fragrant, and the variety does not lose its popularity at all. A detailed description of the trout pear is presented in the article.
Description of Trout Pear
Pear Trout belongs to winter varieties, is not self-fertile. It differs quite early flowering (end of April), the fruits begin to ripen closer to mid-September. The first harvest from young trees can be obtained already in the fourth year of their growth.
It is rarely grown in our region due to the fact that seedlings take root for a long time and poorly, and plants that have taken root are often exposed to diseases. If you manage to grow a healthy tree, then it will delight you with high productivity and delicious qualities of the fruit.
It should be noted that Trout pears have excellent transportability, in suitable conditions, can be stored for a long time. They are used for baking, various desserts and as decorations, as well as canned.
A medium-sized tree is ideal even for small areas. It rarely grows above 5.5 meters. The color of the trunk is dark brown, branches and young shoots are lighter, with a grayish tint.
The crown is sprawling, small leaflets are painted in a deep green color. The beautiful shiny surface of the leaves, their even edge and expressive yellow veins are one of the distinguishing features of the Trout pear.
Flowering is plentiful and fragrant. This attracts insects that pollinate the plant well.
Small fruit weighing no more than 150 grams. They have a slightly elongated, regular and very neat shape. Fruits are yellow-orange with red dots.
The pulp has a white color with a light cream tint. Very soft, but juicy and sweet in taste, vaguely reminiscent of cinnamon.
Fruits are yellow-orange with red dots.
- excellent taste of the fruit;
- high productivity;
- universality of the use of fruits;
- high transportability and long shelf life;
- good presentation;
- the benefits of fresh fruits, a high content of vitamins in them.
Planting and growing
In order for the plant to successfully take root and subsequently give good yields, it is necessary to carefully choose seedlings. Its branches should be safe and sound, and the root should reach 60-80 centimeters in length. The age of the seedlings should not exceed two years.
It is best to plant trees in the spring, when the ground has already warmed up to 13-15 degrees, or in early autumn. It is worth choosing places where there is a lot of sunlight, away from large trees that can give a shadow.
Before planting, it is recommended to keep the seedlings in a cool place, and treat their roots with a solution of potassium permanganate. If planted in the spring, it is recommended to prepare the pit in the fall. Its size is about 80 centimeters in diameter and a meter in depth.
Drainage is lowered to the bottom of the pit, sprinkled with soil, then a seedling is lowered into the pit, straightening the roots. Next, the plant is covered with two-thirds of the fertile composition and watered with water, after which the soil is laid again. It is important to ensure that the neck of the tree remains on the surface.
For a good harvest, you need to carefully care for the trout pear
Pear Trout needs constant care, especially at a young age. The first time after planting, they must be watered with exclusively warm water at least once a week, or even more often. Watering should be plentiful.
The description of the variety indicates that it is necessary to regularly loosen the soil around the plant and remove weeds. This improves the air supply to the root system of the tree, and also helps protect the plant from pests. The first few years after planting, with the onset of cold weather, trees must be sheltered.
As top dressings, which are recommended to be introduced only from the second year, humus and manure can be used. Mineral as well as potash and phosphorus fertilizers are well suited. An exception are fertilizers containing nitrogen, as they adversely affect the quality of the fruit.
Diseases and Pests
Plants are prone to various diseases. The most common are:
- black cancer (branches, leaves and trunk are covered with brown spots);
- fruit rot (dark brown spots on the fruit);
- scab (fungal disease on the leaves after rains);
- bacterial burns.
The main enemy of plants among pests is aphids.
In order to preserve the trees and collect a good harvest, it is necessary to carry out preventive procedures that protect against diseases. These include whitewashing trunks, and a weak solution of Bordeaux fluid, and spraying with a solution of potassium permanganate. You can also use special store products.
Despite its whimsicality, Trout pears do not lose their popularity. If you provide the plant with proper care, it will thank you with an abundant harvest of delicious fruits.