Description of the triumph columnar apple tree
The columnar apple tree Triumph was bred in 2015, and its creator is V. Kichina and N. Morozova.
Description of the triumph columnar apple tree
External description of the apple tree Triumph:
- the trunk resembles a slender column;
- the height of the tree does not exceed 2 meters, so it is referred to as semi-dwarf;
- the crown is compact and small;
- the variety has a relatively low frost resistance, but it is quite resistant to various diseases.
- the fruits ripen in the autumn season;
- abundant fruiting and high palatability of fruits;
- Appetizing appearance of apples: snow-white, crispy pulp of the fruit effectively contrasts with a dark red surface.
The main advantage is the high palatability of the fruit. They have the correct structure of the pulp, slightly crispy and aromatic.
The size of the fruit is quite impressive: some can reach a weight of 200 g.
Light acidity sets off the sweet taste of apples, leaving a pleasant honey aftertaste.
The small size of the tree can not affect the number of fruits.
With one apple tree, with good care in the fall, you can collect up to 15-20 kg of juicy fruits.
Variety Triumph is partially prone to self-pollination. But to increase the fecundity of trees, it is recommended to place them next to other fruit trees. Papyrivka, Bill West and others are perfect.
The apple tree needs systematic watering. On hot summer days, it is necessary to moisten the soil daily at the root system of the plant. In moderate weather, watering can be reduced to 1 time in 3 days.
Gardeners recommend periodically irrigating plant branches, but this should only be done after sunset.
A characteristic feature of the variety is its low resistance to low air temperatures. In regions where the degree drops below -10 ° C, trees need insulation.
This is best done before the onset of cold weather. Insulate the soil around the trunk with sawdust, straw or spruce branches.
Disease and pest resistance
This apple variety is not picky
According to the description of the variety, the Triumph apple tree has gene immunity to scab.
The culture has a high level of resistance to other common diseases. Thanks to which it does not require additional processing from harmful insects.
The fruits of the columnar apple tree do not differ in long shelf life.
During transportation, it is necessary to lay the fruit so that they do not touch each other, thereby causing damage.
Triumph grows well and bears fruit in temperate regions. The low level of frost resistance makes it impossible to grow it in an area with severe and long winters.
In very arid regions, apple trees require systematic watering.
Apples can be used both fresh and to give them various culinary processing. They make delicious jams, preserves, and fruit drinks.
As an ingredient they are added to salads, main dishes, sauces, etc. They make fragrant pastries.
Selection of seedlings
It is better to plant seedlings in early spring - even before the buds begin to come to life on the trees. They also allow planting in September-October in the presence of warm weather.
It is better to acquire annual plants. They take root much faster.
When choosing seedlings, special attention should be paid to the root system. According to the description, it should not have signs of rot; it is not recommended that the soil be too dry on the rhizome.
Apple trees do not like winds
For planting the Triumph, it is advisable to choose areas with free access to sunlight, open, but protected from drafts.
The soil at the landing site should be rich in minerals and moisture permeable for a sufficient level of circulation in the soil of air and moisture.
Seedlings are best planted in the spring.
If the plant was purchased in a container, it can be planted at almost any time of the year.
If you plan to land in the spring, it is better to prepare for this in the fall: you should dig holes and make fertilizer in them.
In spring, seedlings will fall into the caked soil during winter and fertilized land, which favorably affects the growth and development of the crop.
When planting one or two trees, there are no problems. If you want to plant an entire apple orchard, then you should adhere to some recommendations.
- Planting is recommended in the lowlands. This will provide seedlings with a better flow of moisture to the rhizome, as well as reduce the chances of freezing in the cold season.
- Young trees should be arranged in a row, leaving a distance of at least 50 cm between the plants.
- The row spacing should be 1 m.
Care includes watering, fertilizer, crown formation, various works on preparing plants for wintering, processing with special tools.
Thanks to competent and proper care, the Triumph apple tree will bear fruit as much as possible.
The first years after planting require systematic and intensive irrigation. To keep moisture as long as possible, it is recommended to mulch the soil around the trunk.
Colon-shaped apple trees do not have a root root; their root system is located within a radius of 25 cm around the trunk. In summer days, watering should be done at least 1 time in 3 days.
In hot and sultry weather should be watered every other day or every day.
Once a month, after sunset, it is recommended to produce external irrigation of the plant.
Due to the abundant fertility, the apple tree takes the majority of nutrients from the soil. This is the main reason for additional plant nutrition.
In the spring they are fertilized with organic substances - such as chicken droppings or manure, which are placed around the trunk circles. In early spring, it is recommended to perform external treatment of trees (urea solution 7%).
In the first half of summer, the tree is especially in need of top dressing. For this, mineral fertilizers of complex purpose are used. Closer to autumn, the trees are fertilized with potassium.
Cropping and shaping the crown
The apple tree has no branches
By its structure, the columnar apple tree should not have branches, therefore only side branches are trimmed.
Trimming involves the following pattern: the more it is cut, the more it will grow.
If you remove more than half of the branch, leaving only a few peepholes (kidneys), after a while you will get the same number of shoots.
When trimming, it is important not to hook the main trunk. Its cutting off will provoke branching.
With the advent of autumn should begin to prepare for wintering. The root system must be insulated with wood shavings or spruce branches. Warming should be done so as to protect the culture not only from the cold, but also from pests.
If straw was used as a means of mulching during spring and summer, then it should be removed before winter. So you protect the tree from damage by its rodents.
Description of reproduction methods:
- grafted graft grafting;
- air layering.
Growing seedlings on their own is quite problematic. To simplify the task, it is better to purchase them in specialized nurseries.
Features of ripening and fruiting
In early summer, after flowering, the tree begins to ovate.
During ripening, as the fruit grows, if necessary, supports are placed under the branches to maintain weight.
Proper and rational care will make it possible to get the most plentiful harvest. During the ripening period, the apple tree is especially in urgent need of timely top dressing and preventive treatment of pests.
Harvesting and storage of crops
With the onset of autumn, harvesting begins. Apples break neatly with the stalk.
Broken or damaged will not be stored for long.
Apples are recommended to be placed in dry boxes with openings for ventilation. The layers are separated using a suitable material (hay, paper, etc.).
Harvested crops are placed in a cool place for storage. Periodically, it is necessary to review the integrity of the fruit.
Subspecies and Options
Among the subspecies, the following are distinguished:
- standard subspecies;
- dwarf apple tree;
Each of them has unique characteristics.
Variety of apple trees Triumph pleased gardeners. In addition to a rich harvest of aromatic fruits, these trees cause aesthetic pleasure, they can be located at a distance of 1 m from each other.
Even an adult apple tree is small in size, so you can grow it in almost any convenient place, everywhere it looks organic and appropriate. It looks especially beautiful along the paths.
- Fruiting can begin as early as the 2nd year after planting.
- The tree is resistant to disease.
- Fruits have high palatability.
- The variety is not winter-hardy.
- The fruits of the plant are not subject to long-term storage, it is recommended to use them for a month after harvest.