Description of tomatoes Volgograd precocious 323
Among a large number of varieties of tomato Volgograd precocious has several advantages. This crop is notable for its easy cultivation and stable yield, which is why it is suitable for both experienced gardeners and beginners.
Description of tomatoes Volgograd precocious 323
High palatability at minimal cost make this type of tomato a market leader in sales. According to many farmers, the Volgograd tomato feels great in different climatic conditions, which compares favorably with more fragile species.
General characteristics of the variety
To get the maximum profit from the garden plot, you should choose a good variety of crops. Among a large number of different types of tomatoes, Volgograd 323 tomato has a lot of positive qualities in the description that will attract both a novice and an experienced farmer. The variety is advantageous for its early maturity - the fruit of the Volgograd tomato ripens within three months after planting.
Growing this type of tomato does not require special skills, and the plant itself is unpretentious in care. Tomato Volgograd precocious is distinguished by such characteristics:
- undersized shrubs with medium-sized foliage;
- the fruits are round in shape and rich in red; there is a slight ribbing around the perimeter;
- the weight of the fetus reaches one hundred grams;
- tomatoes are characterized by juiciness and a sweet finish;
- the crop from one square meter of land reaches seven kilograms.
The plant is resistant to many diseases and tolerates temperature fluctuations compared to other species. The yield of the variety is stable, and care does not require large material investments. Thanks to such qualities, Volgograd tomatoes are spread across many countries and are not inferior to foreign varieties. Photos of this culture can be found in European and Asian atlases on agriculture.
The Volgograd variety tolerates transportation well and does not deteriorate during long shipments. For this quality, the variety is often grown for sale. Despite the general simplicity of growing this crop, there are still certain rules that should be followed.
Soil preparation and seedling cultivation
Tomato Volgograd precocious 323, according to gardeners, refers to unpretentious varieties and even beginners in agriculture can grow a good crop at home. Also, compared with other types of tomatoes, this variety does not require constant care and is suitable for planting on a suburban area.
Tomato Volgogradsky 323 grows in any soil, but loamy or sandy soil is suitable for greater productivity. Growing this variety will be easier if a year earlier root crops or legumes grew on the site.
The soil should be prepared in November before the first frost. To do this, you need to dig the soil and add mineral components to the ground. After this, the soil in a loose state is left for the whole winter. In spring, as soon as the snow has melted, the soil must be treated with alkali and buried.
Volgograd tomato 323 has characteristics that allow it to be grown both in the greenhouse and in the open. However, on an open planting, the fruits come out more juicy, as the tomato ripens in direct sunlight.
According to experienced farmers, it is better to use wooden boxes for seedlings. The most important part of the tomato sprouts of the Volgograd precocious 323 is the root system. When planting shoots, you must act with extreme caution so as not to injure this part of the plant.
Seedlings are planted at a time when the temperature at night ceases to drop below zero. Tomato Volgograd precocious 323 does not tolerate cold, and frost can cause low yield of fruits. At the time of planting, the shoots should not be lower than fifteen centimeters, and have at least nine leaves on the stem and a couple of ovaries. Before planting, experienced gardeners recommend watching photos and videos from the workshops in order to avoid stem and root injuries.
Planting and caring for tomatoes
The variety does not need additional support
Tomatoes of the Volgograd early ripening variety are planted in deep holes. The bush must be installed in the middle of the hole, and fill up to the first leaves on the trunk. The landing site should not be buried completely, you need to leave a small ditch for high-quality watering.
Tomatoes are not a moisture-loving crop, frequent watering can lead to decay of the root system. Bushes are watered immediately after planting, after which, depending on the weather, the soil should be irrigated once every ten to fifteen days. After the first two waterings, the holes can be completely buryed. Do not allow the soil to dry out or crack in the soil. On hot days, the plant needs to be watered once a week.
The tomato variety of the Volgograd precocious is a stunted crop, so the bushes do not require additional fixation.
Seedlings, which have reached more than twenty centimeters, are planted one shoot per hole sprout to the north. After a couple of days, the tomatoes will align themselves with the sun.
Foliage of tomato varieties Volgogradsky 323 reacts poorly to direct ultraviolet, and in hot weather the plant can get burns. To avoid injury to the bushes, sun protection should be installed. There are several ways to arrange a shadow for tomatoes:
- Leaves of grass. If the sprouts have not yet reached twenty centimeters, then they can be covered with leaves of large weeds. Keep seeds of harmful crops out of the ground.
- Special materials. To shelter tomatoes, they often use material such as agrotex. It can be purchased at any specialized store. Agrotex is pulled over the beds and secured in the ground using fasteners or stakes.
- Improvised devices. The shadow over the seedlings can also be created with the help of a fabric or a temporary canopy.
Such care should be provided in the first two weeks of tomato growth. During this period, plants are extremely vulnerable, but in the following weeks, tomatoes quickly grow and do not need additional protection from the sun.
Shrub pruning and fertilizer
Tomato Volgograd precocious 323 is a stunted crop, however, this species is characterized by a large number of extra shoots.
Cut off such stepsons should be in the necessary order, otherwise the plant will begin to grow on the ground. Shoots are cut or broken off in the morning, so that the sun dries out the places of breakage during the day. Otherwise, the bush may begin to rot. The shoots are cut not flush with the trunk, otherwise after a while the shoot will grow back. It is recommended to view phased photos of such a procedure so as not to injure the stem.
Artificial saturation of the soil with minerals is essential when growing tomatoes. Lack of nutrients in the ground can have the following consequences for tomatoes:
- fading of leaves and death of bushes;
- low palatability of tomatoes;
- mismatch of tomatoes to standard grade sizes;
- poor productivity.
Some farmers make stepson top dressing for bushes. For this, the cut shoots are folded into an iron container, filled with water and covered with cling film. The fermentation process lasts two weeks. After this, the mixture should be decanted and diluted with water. Fertilizer is added to irrigation to enrich the soil with nitrogen.
If there are too few ovaries on the bush, then the soil should be treated with otboric acid diluted in urea. Organic fertilizers such as animal manure and compost can also be used as top dressing.
Tomato Volgograd precocious according to the description has many positive qualities that distinguish it from other varieties.
Unpretentiousness in leaving and high taste value will allow to grow this culture at home for personal consumption or for sale. Tomatoes of the Volgograd ripening variety are very popular, as indicated by the positive reviews of the owners of garden plots.