Description of tomato Truffle

Among a considerable number of tomato varieties, the popularity of which is growing from year to year, Truffle tomato occupies a very prominent place. This applies to all its varieties that differ from each other in color and some other specific features. First of all, this thesis is relevant for Japanese truffles, presented in five different colors, the seeds of which are offered by leading agricultural firms of the CIS - Biotechnology, Siberian Garden and many others. With a number of undeniable advantages, such tomatoes deserve a separate description, and therefore they should certainly be considered in more detail.

Description of tomato Truffle

Key Features

First of all, it should be noted that the type of tomato in question got its name not by accident. This is due to the fact that the fruits of such plants have a shape that looks like a truffle - a mushroom, which is one of the most demanded delicacies in the world. It is also worth adding that these very original berries resemble a pear or a bulb to many. Of particular note is the fact that truffle tomato owes its appearance to Russian breeders who managed to isolate it in a separate variety a decade and a half ago.

As for the other characteristics inherent in this remarkable variety of tomatoes, their list is as follows:

  • the average duration of ripening of the fruits of such plants is 115 / - 5 days;
  • bushes of truffle tomatoes have a rather large height, the maximum values ​​of which can approach a 2-meter mark in greenhouse conditions (when grown in open ground, this figure is about a quarter lower);
  • the number of brushes on one stalk can reach up to 5 pieces, on each of which about 5-6 berries grow;
  • in addition to the pear shape, Truffle tomatoes have a slight ribbing, which can be seen in numerous photos of these fruits, presented on the World Wide Web;
  • the mass of ripened berries of the plants in question is in the range of 90-170 g, relatively rarely exceeding the indicated values;
  • the average yield of Truffle tomatoes in most cases is 4 kg from 1 bush, although with proper care this indicator can be significantly higher.

In addition, it is reasonable to note that such tomatoes are well suited both for fresh consumption and for canning. This is confirmed by a considerable number of reviews of relevant content left by gardeners from Russia and neighboring countries.

Advantages and disadvantages of Truffle Tomatoes

Listing the main characteristics of tomatoes of this variety, it is worth mentioning the most significant advantages and disadvantages that they possess. If we highlight the key advantages of such fruit crops, then their description will look like this:

  • excellent taste qualities of berries, allowing to meet the expectations of any gourmet - even the most demanding;
  • a consistently high percentage of fertilization of the ovaries, thanks to which the plant owner can regularly achieve a decent yield;
  • fruit density, which allows not only to transport them without damage over long distances, but also to store berries for a very long time while preserving all their beneficial properties;
  • high resistance to most diseases and pests that pose a threat to tomatoes of various varieties.

Another noteworthy characteristic of Truffle tomato is its ability to tolerate significant temperature changes, up to small frosts.

The variety needs a mandatory garter

Regarding the minuses of the variety in question, it should be noted that he has very few of them: everyone who has planted such plants at least once in their country or house plot is able to confirm this. In particular, in order to avoid breaks, the Truffle must be tied up, and the fruits collected from such bushes are not very suitable for making juices and pastes - due to the high content of dry ingredients.

Popular Varieties of Truffle Tomatoes

The description of tomatoes presented in this material would be incomplete if it did not provide for consideration of their main varieties. Practice shows that the latter differ not only in color, but also in some other characteristics that are the result of the efforts of breeders. You can verify this without any difficulties: just read the description of each such species separately.

  1. Japanese truffle red. The main feature of this variety, as you might guess, is a very spectacular appearance. The fruits of such plants are distinguished by a glossy surface and a rich red tint with a slight addition of brown. In general, such a tomato is quite sweet, and its taste characteristic is organically complemented by a small acidity.
  2. Japanese Truffle Black. Despite their “gloomy” name, it is more reasonable to consider these tomatoes as dark brown. They do not differ in form from the variety described above, and their main difference is a slightly more refined taste.
  3. Japanese Truffle Pink. In addition to color, the variety under consideration is practically no different from its red "relative". The only significant feature of the Japanese pink truffle tomato is its level of sweetness, which is slightly larger.
  4. Japanese golden truffle (yellow). This tomato, which is the lightest against the background of its "relatives", has another noteworthy difference. It is the sweetest of all Truffle varieties, so many people prefer to eat it as a fruit. It is also noteworthy that this yellow subspecies is most suitable for young children - mainly due to its own hypoallergenicity.
  5. Japanese Truffle Orange. Like its yellow “colleague”, the tomato in question is distinguished by excellent sweetness. It is also noteworthy that Orange Japanese truffle tomatoes are very heavy: experience has shown that their mass can often reach 200 grams.

In addition to those listed above, other Truffle tomatoes are on the market, each of which has its own minor differences - primarily color. In particular, the raspberry variety of such tomatoes is very popular among gardeners, the main advantage of which is the taste - even more piquant than that of the Black Truffle.

Cultivation and care

Observe the required distance when planting

In order to get healthy and hardy Truffle tomato seedlings, the plant owner should follow a few simple recommendations. First of all, he needs to choose a container, the dimensions of which correspond to the number of seeds prepared, and fill it with fertile soil. It is also worth considering that:

  • the optimum temperature for growing seedlings is from 15 to 17 ° C;
  • after the sprouts acquire the first full leaves, they need to be transplanted into a deeper pot or box;
  • seedlings should be fed regularly, and 7-8 days before transplanting into the open ground it must be fertilized with preparations containing potassium and phosphorus;
  • gardeners who planted seedlings for a permanent place in the last days of May were engaged in its cultivation for 55-60 days.

In addition, it makes sense to add that the grown plants need to be planted according to the 40x40 cm scheme. It is not recommended to reduce this distance - in order to nullify the lack of nutrients that developing tomatoes may encounter.

In the future, the owner of the site should pay attention to the formation of bushes, leaving 2 stems on them. As for the number of brushes on each of the latter, it should not exceed 5 pieces. A larger number of plants will simply not pull, and therefore in many cases it is rational to leave only 3 brushes on it - 5-7 berries each.

If we compare the two options for growing truffle tomatoes - in open ground and greenhouse - then the second allows you to achieve significantly greater productivity. Being in a sheltered room, tomato bushes grow much more intensively, differing in the increased number of formed fruits.

In addition, when growing truffle tomatoes, do not forget about the following important points:

  • soil moisture should be moderate, and warm, standing water should be used for irrigation;
  • the soil must be fertilized periodically and loosened, while at the same time clearing it of weeds;
  • the bushes should be regularly ventilated (this rule is relevant if the tomatoes grow in greenhouse conditions).

Diseases and pests

As mentioned earlier, Truffle tomato cannot be called particularly susceptible to diseases and harmful arthropods. However, in some situations, the variety in question may suffer from very dangerous ailments, most often of fungal origin. These, in particular, are late blight and fomose rot, which can lead to the loss of most of the crop. To combat such misfortunes, it is reasonable to use fungicides - pesticides, the effectiveness of which has been repeatedly confirmed in practice. First of all, these include:

  • Oxychom;
  • Fundazole;
  • Bordeaux liquid, etc.

It is equally important to protect Truffle tomatoes from pests, one of the most dangerous representatives of which is a tomato rust mite. This parasite, painted brownish or yellow, is able to affect both the stems and leaves of the plant and its fruits, often leading to a twofold drop in productivity. To combat this arachnid, it is most rational to use preparations based on phosphamide and other insecticides developed against pests of nightshade crops.

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