Description of Taurida pear
Pear fruits contain many vitamins. There are many varieties of this fruit, so it can be difficult to choose the right one. Bright and tasty representative is the Tauride pear.
Description of Taurida pear
Tauris pear is an autumn variety. The tree is deciduous, flowering, has good frost resistance and resistance to drought. A characteristic feature of this variety is self-pollination and compatibility with quince. Trees do not freeze at a temperature of -28 ° C-30 ° C. The variety is early. Fruiting occurs for 4 years on a quince rootstock and for 3 years - on a seed. Flowering begins in early May. Productivity is high, increasing every year.
Deciduous tree, belongs to the flowering department.
It is distinguished by the following characteristics:
- height up to 3 m;
- pyramidal compact crown;
- dense foliage;
Removable maturity in the last ten days of September is characteristic of the fruits of the Taurida pear. Description of the appearance of the fruits and their properties:
- weight - 200-600 g;
- oval-conical, ovoid or broad-conical form;
- hilly surface;
- dense skin;
- bright yellow color;
- pink side.
The taste of ripe fruits is sweet and sour, pleasant. The pulp is juicy, soft cream. After ripening, the fruits hold well on the branches, do not crumble.
Fruits are eaten fresh fresh or made from them: they make jam, stewed fruit or prepare dried fruits. Pears tolerate transportation without loss of presentation.
Choosing a planting place and a seedling
Before planting on a site, the best place is determined and a pit is prepared. Seedlings are chosen not older than 2 years. They take root well.
Particular attention is paid to the state of the seedling. It should not have damage on the trunk, while it must have a well-developed root system.
Young tree needs to be fertilized
The best time for planting the Tauride pear is early spring or late autumn. This is due to weak sap flow in the trunk and favorable weather conditions during this period (there are no frosts on the soil).
A hole measuring 70 x 70 cm is dug 80 cm in depth. Pour drainage to the bottom. The pit is sprinkled with a small amount of soil mixture, a stake is inserted in the center, which serves as a support for the seedling.
For the best growth of seedlings, soil preparation is carried out. B make fertilizers. To do this, mix the following components:
- compost - 10-12 kg (it is sometimes replaced with rotted manure);
- potassium salt - 50 g;
- superphosphate - 60 g.
A hole is watered with water, a seedling is placed next to the peg. All are sprinkled with soil mixture so that the root neck is 5-6 cm above the soil surface. The root zone is tamped, watered with water at room temperature: young seedlings of the Tauride pear do not like cold well water.
A peg with a knot-eight is tied to a seedling and mulching around the trunk. To do this, use manure or humus. The fertilizer should not touch the plant.
To seedlings took root well, do not allow the drying of the soil. Watering is carried out once a week, 1 bucket of water is brought under each tree. To prevent decay of the root system, if it rains too often, loosening is carried out from the basal zone to the crown zone.
If the pear is planted in the northern regions, for the winter it is covered with burlap or paws of the spruce. In addition to heat, the spruce tree serves as protection against pests.
In spring, all covering material is removed before the onset of heat, so that there is no overheating and steaming of the plant.
To obtain good productivity, pears are fed. For this, the soil is first loosened and a nutrient mixture is prepared with the following composition:
- 30 g of saltpeter per 1 square. m;
- 130 g of urea;
- 5 liters of water for each tree.
The solution is made in a proportion of 1 part of saltpeter and 50 parts of water. Watering the trunk circle. To enhance the effect, chicken droppings and urea are added to the mixture.
Fruit trees do not like nitrogen, therefore, fertilizing with nitrogen-containing substances is carried out only in the first 2-3 years of their life. Subsequently, potash fertilizers are applied: once a year to the crown zone. At the end of May, 3 buckets of nitroammophos solution (1: 200) are brought under each tree.
To fertilize an adult plant, grooves are made in the peripheral crown zone. All microelements and other top dressing are added to them.
Pear to be watered weekly
Any plant needs high-quality and timely watering. Taurida pear especially. The procedure is carried out weekly. With a lack of moisture, it discards foliage, its fruits dry.
Watering is carried out in the crown zone, where the root system is located. The norm of watering is 2-3 buckets for each year of life, taking into account the rainy season.
Diseases arise from improper care or from bad weather. The Tauride variety is resistant to scab, does not suffer from sunburn.
In case of untimely spraying, powdery mildew appears. It appears whitish and is a fungal disease. If you do not treat the affected areas, it will capture the whole tree.
Stem rot occurs after severe burns or poor nutrition. For prevention, timely fertilizer is carried out.
Pear pests include:
- pear throat;
- pear moth;
- gall midge;
- bug pest;
To avoid consequences and maintain productivity, when pests appear, they are treated with colloidal sulfur or insecticides.
Preventing illness is easier than combating them and their consequences. For this, spring and autumn pruning, pre-winter preparation and preventive spraying are carried out.
All affected areas are removed and burned. Do not allow infection in compost pits.
It’s easy to grow aromatic and tasty pear fruit in the garden if you follow simple growing rules.