Description of Spruce mushrooms
In autumn, attention is focused on small edible mushrooms on thin legs growing in large families on old stumps, trunks of fallen trees. Spruce honey agaric is loved by many forest tourists.
Description of Spruce mushrooms
Description of mushrooms
Spruce mushrooms are found in pine, spruce and deciduous forests. They prefer to settle on the roots of conifers, felled trunks, fallen branches. Small thin mushrooms are found in clearings, where they cover the old pine and spruce stumps with a thick hat. However, the name itself tells where to look.
All representatives are divided into:
- shaggy (spruce and autumn);
- ordinary with a smooth hat.
Edible spruce mushrooms. They are easily recognized by their dark brown hats on thin cylindrical legs. Description of the species is in mushroom directories, encyclopedias. Where the darker shade comes from is understandable. The mushroom picker merges with the body of coniferous trees, absorbs their bitterness.
- The hat grows from 4 to 10 cm in diameter. In young specimens, the center is slightly convex. Covered with large scales.
- The plates under the hat are white. In old mushrooms, they acquire a reddish hue, become stained.
- The foot at the base has a slight thickening. At the top there is a ring, somewhat reminiscent of a white lace frill. The diameter of the leg is from 1 to 2.5 cm. The height is from 5 to 10 cm. The leg is dry to the touch.
- Mushroom pulp has a loose structure. It is white, slightly yellowish in color, has no characteristic odor.
In places where spruce mushrooms love to settle, their poisonous counterparts are often found.
It is better to go to your first forest routes with experienced people. They will help and teach how to navigate the mushroom kingdom.
Mild-looking mushrooms are found almost everywhere. They grow in different places, conditions. Hence the great diversity of their species: meadow, summer, winter. Spruce trees belong to the autumn species. They can be easily distinguished among all this diversity by the darker hairy hats, with the edges ending in a light fringe.
Spruce mushroom is also called a dark mushroom. All the rest are lighter, have a yellowish or red tint. For example, honey agaric is found in brick red, gray plate, drying out.
There are a lot of carbohydrates in mushrooms.
A large amount of protein contained in mushrooms, allows you to call these plants "forest meat." Calorie content - 23 kcal / 100 g.
The mushroom pulp is also valuable in its high carbohydrate content. A special place is occupied by glycogen, located in the form of small granules in the cytoplasm of cells. This is the main energy reserve of the plant. Using mushrooms for food, we provide the body with a mass of useful substances. These are vitamins (groups B, C, PP, E), microelements (Ca, K, Na, Fe, Mg, Cu, Zn), organic acids, sugars, ash.
According to the phosphorus content, spruce mushrooms overtake cow's milk, and the amount of potassium in them is the same as in pears or grapes. The amount of fiber reaches almost half dry weight (42%). Mushroom pulp tastes good. It is provided with a high content of extractive substances. In this regard, mushrooms take precedence over many fruits. The exception is chocolate, where the concentration of substances reaches 27%. Its leg contains more than in the upper part of the fruiting body.
According to the description, Spruce mushrooms have a firmer pulp than other species. Therefore, they need to be limited to people suffering from pathologies of the digestive tract, 1-2 doses per week. In heavier ones it is better to abandon them altogether.
The child should not be fed mushroom dishes. Chitin, which is part of the composition, is difficult to digest. Sometimes, even edible safe mushrooms cause severe health problems in a child.
Edible mushrooms are widely used in many areas of human life. This is a valuable food product, so it is widely used in home cooking and the food industry.
Spruce mushrooms give little water and are therefore ideal for frying. Sometimes the legs are too hard, then they are thrown away. Sometimes in the fruit bodies there may be a small bitterness that the mycelium has borrowed from conifers.
In this case, the mushrooms must be boiled by draining the first water (2 times / 20 min.). After heat treatment, they are suitable for consumption. They are stewed, pickled, salted and even fermented.
According to the description, edible mushrooms are successfully used as an adjunct in antitumor and antibacterial therapy. They are used to treat diseases caused by Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus. The regular use of honey mushrooms normalizes the thyroid gland. This body regulates the most important life processes in the body.
The regular inclusion of mushroom dishes in the diet will avoid the development of many pathologies. Lecithin contained in mushroom pulp does not allow harmful cholesterol to accumulate on the walls of blood vessels. Due to its low glycemic index (10), this product is included in the diet of patients with diabetes.
More often on the shelves of supermarkets there are honey mushrooms obtained by artificial means. This type of mushroom is great for mass cultivation. They are unpretentious, grow rapidly and do not require large financial investments.
Artificial mushrooms well tolerate long transportation, storage. They are elastic, do not lose their original shape and presentation. The pulp does not change its color and properties.
Honey mushrooms are not only tasty, but also very useful mushrooms. Be careful when collecting: false mushrooms are poisonous, they can not be eaten.
To protect themselves, it is permissible to grow honey mushrooms on their own: they do not require special conditions.