Description of the Romanovskaya breed of sheep
For centuries, sheep breeding has been considered a profitable enterprise, however, this occupation cannot be called simple even with a stretch. Despite the difficulties, many still choose this type of activity as a way of earning money and achieve good results. The fact is that this type of animal husbandry is distinguished by the fact that animals quickly gain weight and grow. Among the advantages can be noted and a low percentage of deaths. Sheep meat is incredibly tasty, the same goes for milk.
Characteristic sheep of the Romanovskaya breed
Starting a business on sheep, many people think about which breed will stop. Experienced breeders note such a species as the Romanovskaya breed of sheep. In the territory of Russia and the countries of the former USSR, it is the Romanovskaya breed of sheep that is in first place in the ranking of congeners. Next, we will find out what the advantages of this breed are.
The history of the breed
Romanovka was obtained back in the 18th century through lengthy selection work. The goals that faced the breeders were as follows:
- quick weight gain.
Everything conceived was realized, because the breed is valued precisely for these qualities. It is important to mention that this achievement in the field of animal husbandry belongs to domestic livestock specialists, because all breeding work was carried out in Russia, in the Yaroslavl region. The livestock breeders liked the new breed so much that in the first years after the Romanov sheep were raised, they could be found in almost any corner of the globe, from North America to Tatarstan, Kazakhstan and Bashkiria.
The appearance of the Romanovskaya breed
Animals of this breed are usually referred to a mixed direction. This means that the sheep can give not only meat after slaughter, but also excellent high-quality wool throughout life. As already mentioned, the most important feature of this breed is that the lambs are able to take root in almost any climate. This is especially true for Russia, where the difference between the temperature in summer and winter can be more than 50 ° C.
Speaking of the Romanovskaya breed, I want to emphasize once again all the advantages, because of which you should choose it on it:
- high quality wool;
- tender tasty meat with maximum yield;
- excellent adaptability to environmental conditions;
- unpretentiousness in leaving and feeding.
Currently, the breed is bought not only for cultivation and breeding in its pure form, but also to improve the qualities and descriptions of other breeds when crossing with Romanovka, in order to prevent crossbreeding.
Is it profitable to keep Romanovskih sheep
As already mentioned, the sheep of the Romanovskaya breed are beneficial for breeding and keeping. Romanov rams are equally popular. Animals gain weight rapidly even with the most meager diets. So, if the lamb's food consists of half a kilogram of grain and only 1 kilogram of hay, after 6 months it will weigh more than 50. When slaughtered at this age, the waste part of the carcass is no more than 50%. Sheep is recommended to be slaughtered exactly at the moment when they will weigh 50 kg, usually this happens at the age of about 8 months.
The content of Romanovsk sheep
Despite the fact that sheep and sheep are bred for meat, do not forget that there are other animal products that can be obtained from it. In addition to meat, wool, milk, and skin can be sold. On average, about 3 kg of excellent rune is obtained from one Romanovskaya sheep, which is a worthy indicator among other breeds.
How many times do you need to cut a sheep? Grooming of these animals should occur at least 3 times a year, and this must be done strictly before the molting period begins. Many livestock farmers try to develop their business further and begin to manufacture products from sheepskin and wool on their own, this brings additional income, allows you to quickly complete a business plan.
Features of purebred Romanovka
Romanovsky sheep and Romanovsky sheep differ not only in performance characteristics, but also in external features. This variety is quite large, such lambs have a short tail and gray shade. Cologia does not belong to the characteristics of the breed, horns can be present on the head of both the male and the female.
It is customary to divide animals on the basis of the line of development of the skeleton:
The first group of animals with a strong skeleton combines sheep and rams, folded symmetrically, having a well-built skeleton, suggesting the presence of a wide chest. Such animals have a dense coat, soft to the touch. There is a difference in the color of the coat: this subgroup has a dark graphite color. Many confuse such Romanovka with the Altai or Stavropol sheep.
Coarse-boned Romanovs are characterized by coarse wool to the touch. Males differ from their counterparts in that their mane is thicker and has several shades. Despite this, according to the quality criterion of wool, this group is inferior to the previous one, which cannot but affect the price of the product. If we compare productivity indicators, they will overlap with those that belong to the North Caucasian sheep breed.
The third group of sheep with a delicate skeleton is the most unclaimed, the flaws can be noticed even with the naked eye. Such animals have a narrow skull shape, a narrowed chest and an underdeveloped sacrum. The wool of such a sheep looks different: it is painted in a snow-white color, this is the first thing that catches your eye when viewing a photo or video. It is worth saying that such a subspecies is in the least demand due to the fact that the quality of the fleece and meat is significantly deteriorating.
To describe the breed of Romanovsk sheep completely, you should dwell on the features of the exterior. The characteristic of the Romanovskaya breed of sheep is as follows:
- animal mass: female - up to 50 kg, male - up to 85 kg;
- fertility indicators: at one time, the economy increases by 4-5 individuals.
In addition, there are so-called breed standards, keeping and breeding Romanovsk sheep at home will not be possible without this knowledge obtained with the help of the scientist Pavel Kuleshov:
- sheep growth should be average, bends at the withers or sacrum are not allowed;
- the chest should look powerful, the limbs are symmetrical;
- the coat is tight, the downs should protrude slightly;
- coat color - from dark (black) to cream;
- fluff and wool in a quality rune should be correlated in a ratio of 1 to 5;
- a different color of coat is allowed, if we are talking about young animals.
Does the breeding of Romanovsky sheep require the creation of special conditions? As has already been said many times before, such animals do not require any special conditions of detention, since they are unpretentious. This is largely due to the fact that the lambs have a dense coat, which prevents them from freezing in the cold and prevents them from overheating in the heat in summer. There are cases when the Romanovsky sheep lived in Siberia, where the temperature is often at a mark below minus 15 ° C, and at the same time they felt quite comfortable. Despite such unpretentiousness, it is still recommended to create comfortable conditions for keeping and breeding Romanovskih sheep at home.
The floor in the shepherd is better to make their wood, then put on it a loose bedding, which is made from straw or hay. Thus, the temperature regime, which will be optimal for representatives of the Romanovsk sheep, ranges from 10 to 14 ° С.
It is worth taking care not only of the conditions in the shepherd, but also arrange a place for walking. It's about pasture. In order for everything to be done correctly, you can use the video and photo. Do not limit the grazing of sheep in the winter, on the contrary, a walk in the freezing air will only increase productivity.
As for the choice of premises for the shepherd, you need to take as a basis recommendations for density. So, about 3 square meters is considered the norm. m per individual. It is important to ensure a normal air flow, that is, to establish a good ventilation system. Another important aspect of sheep husbandry as a whole is to protect the premises from dampness: Romanovka does not tolerate its presence, this can bring a lot of trouble and provoke illnesses.
Organization of feeding representatives of this breed
It is important to treat feeding responsibly, because on how balanced the sheep eats, its health and, accordingly, productivity indicators in the future will depend. Nutrition should be rich in vitamins and minerals, be moderately high-calorie and, of course, fresh. Feeding should be carried out strictly in accordance with the schedule.
If it is possible to establish proper feeding, the appearance of pet hair will significantly improve, and its density will also increase. It is worth mentioning that when cutting, the carcasses of those sheep who were fed correctly are in great demand, without saving costs on this item.
When drawing up the diet, you need to take into account which direction the animal relates to: meat, dairy or wool. Also, when organizing a diet you need to consider seasonality. So, in the summer the Romanovskaya sheep should receive the maximum amount of fresh green feed, in winter it should be replaced with dry ones. We will talk about how seasonality affects the organization of sheep’s nutrition in more detail.
Food Romanovka in the summer
Romanovsk sheep are classified as pasture. Their productivity will largely depend on what is growing in the pasture. The pasture season is the ideal time to saturate the animal’s organism to the maximum with vitamins and minerals for the entire calendar year.
It is natural that grass and greens are the usual food for Romanovka, but you need to switch to it gradually, without making drastic changes. It is important to enter it carefully, interfering with the usual feed.
Nutrition of sheep of the Romanovskaya breed
In the period from March until the first frost on the soil, artificial pastures can be used. Usually they are filled with legumes, and perennial herbs grow on them, which the sheep eat with great pleasure. When choosing a terrain for pasture, it is important to avoid excessively marshy terrain, it is better to choose those places that are at least partially in the shade. This is extremely important, because Romanovskie sheep can be on pastures for a long time, almost the entire daylight hours. In the meadow, animals should have constant access to water, for these purposes you can use the most common river or even rain water.
Organization of care for the Romanovsk sheep in winter
In the cold season (autumn and winter), it is recommended to move the Romanovsk lambs to the shepherd, where they will be protected from wind and cold. At this time, females are often engaged in feeding offspring, therefore, they will need special nutrition, which must be nutritious and balanced. In winter, you need to feed the sheep at least 2 times a day, and hay and grain crops should be added to the diet.
The first meal is recommended to be composed of crops that need to be provided with nutritious concentrates. It can be root tubers, silage or a variety of fruits. Later in the evening, the diet should consist of coarser components, such as straw or hay. For one adult, you will need about 5 centners of hay along with haylage for winter time, as well as at least 10 kg of concentrate. If the farm has lactating females, fat tail, you need to enrich the food with the help of mineral additives. In addition, Romanovsk sheep will need salt and flour from ground bones. These are essential ingredients for normal functioning.
Features of reproduction of this breed
In a relatively short time, the economy will grow by a large number of individuals. This makes keeping Romanovskih sheep profitable. How to determine whether a Romanov female is in a state of sexual hunting? This period does not last forever, usually it falls on summer time, they try to transfer mating also to this period. All this applies to this type of natural reproduction. But along with it, farmers often use an alternative method, which is called manual reproduction. It is used in order to be 100% confident in the purity of the breed. For tribal Romanovki it is used quite often.
Maturation in lambs occurs at approximately 5 months, but this age is still not suitable for mating, as the animal is still too young. Only those females whose weight exceeds the mark of 40 kg are suitable for fertilization.
One female can give birth about 3 times a year. The average duration of pregnancy is about 145 days. There are clearly marked precursors of childbirth, usually on the eve of this event, the female begins to howl loudly and tries to take a lying position, after which she reproduces the offspring.
How are the births at the Romanovka? Usually this process goes without complications. This is due to the fact that the animal has a fairly wide basin, respectively, the lamb easily and quickly passes through the birth canal. Lambs are born so independent that on the first day they can easily move around and serve themselves. However, if more than 4 lambs of the Romanovskaya breed were born at a time, it is still worth interfering: the mother may simply not have enough physical strength to feed everyone.
Milk from Romanovka can be obtained neither more nor less, about 120 liters. This is the average of tribal representatives. Record is considered an annual yield of 300 liters of milk.