Description of Red Globe grapes
One of the many representatives of American selection is Red Globe grapes, which means “red ball” (Globe). The variety is popular in Asian countries. In Europe, he gained fame in the mid 90's.
Description of Red Globe grapes
According to the description, this is a variety with medium late or late ripening. Red Globe is the record holder for storage. In optimal conditions lies 3-4 months. Throughout this period, the berries retain freshness and bright color. The culture is characterized by low calorie content: 67 kcal per 100 g.
Red Glob vineyards are weak or medium-thick, depending on the soil and climatic conditions, therefore rootstocks are used on which this species is grafted. He showed good compatibility with most stocks, with the exception of Teleki 5A.
Red Glob grapes have a high fertility of the kidneys. The productivity of the shoots is high. On each, 2-4 clusters of inflorescences are formed. Weak shoots are removed, healthy leaves are left, no more than 6 per fruit arrow. The vine on the trellises always ripens well, up to 2 m high.
Description of the fetus
Red Globe is one of the largest fruit varieties. Its bunch reaches a weight of 2 kg. The berry is of impressive size, from 10 to 15 g. This result is obtained naturally, without additional thinning of the bunch, in which the "red balls" would be even larger.
The grapes have a dark pink or reddish color. Under the natural powdery coating covering the berries, it seems purple.
A longitudinal strip lies on the surface of the berry, dividing it into 2 equal parts. If the fruit is cut, it will be seen that the texture of the pulp is dense, with a pinkish tinge, juicy. Inside there are 4 large seeds. If they are dark, the grapes have already reached ripening.
The longer the fruits remain on the vine, the greater the concentration of sugars in them. At the same time, acidity is reduced, the taste of the fruit is harmonious, neutral.
Red Glob propagated by cuttings. In cultivation, he is finicky and requires effort from a gardener.
Cuttings of a plant are planted in the open ground in autumn. This event is carried out 1.5 months before a significant decrease in ambient temperature. During this time, the seedling will have time to take root, thoroughly entrenched in the soil. Culture is planted in the spring. Wait until the temperature reaches 5 ° C or 10 ° C.
Landing will be successful if a number of conditions are met:
- sunny place;
- lack of drafts;
- loose, fertile soil.
The deepening is dug up to 0.5 m deep, the roots of the seedling are located in it. The bottom is covered with gravel, rotten wood, fertile soil is poured on top with a mound. A tube is placed on the side, which serves for internal watering. The roots of the seedling are shaken off and kept in a solution of clay and rotted mullein. Then the seedling is immersed in a prepared plot of land, the roots are straightened. Everyone is covered with earth.
So that the soil particles occupy all the cavities between the branched roots, the stem is slightly shaken up and down. This helps to prevent stagnation of moisture in the root system and the formation of processes of decay, the development of diseases.
Grapes must be watered abundantly
The Red Globe grape variety is responsive to top dressing and watering. With their participation, it is possible to achieve impressive results in crop production. After flowering and ovary grapes must abundantly water the vines.
Periodically, the plant is fed. In the spring, nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium fertilizers are introduced. In a later period, overdoses are avoided: they stimulate the unjustified growth of greenery, which is why the development of flowers stops.
Growth regulator treatment for Red Glob is not required. Varietal agricultural technology is used here, associated with thinning of clusters after flowering. In this embodiment, the berries are naturally sized and large, weighing over 20 g.
Diseases and Pests
Red Globe is unstable to fungal diseases. Only growers who regularly use fungicides to control pests cope with its cultivation. The most common 2 diseases:
- Mildew. It affects the green part of the plant. Yellow-brown oily spots appear on the leaves, which turn black over time. Unripe fruits dry and fall, the remaining ones acquire a sour taste. In severe cases of the disease, the vine loses its leaves and the current year's crop.
- Odium. It infects the ground part of the vine. Dirty gray or brown spots appear on the top of the leaves, green shoots. Berries stop growing, dry up. With a late defeat, they crack and rot. Odium grapes are recognized by a characteristic odor reminiscent of rotten fish. Of the pests, phylloxera (parasitic insect), itch (tick) and leafworm (butterfly) are dangerous.
Bordeaux mixture (300 g of lime and vitriol per 10 l of water) can help culture in the fight against these diseases. The cost of the product during processing is 2 liters per 10 square meters. m
In order for the grapes to yield a good harvest, steps should be taken in advance to reduce the risks of diseases and spoilage by pests:
- breeding of varieties resistant to pests, diseases;
- preventive spraying;
- creating ventilation in the crown;
- foliar top dressing with microelements, potassium and phosphorus.
Red Globe surprises with the size of berries. You can grow this species, if you show maximum patience, to study all the features and preferences of this grape.