Description of Potato Adretta
Potato is the most used culture in every person’s daily life. Potato Adretta is a mid-season table variety. The variety was bred in Germany, about 20 years ago. In Russia, the species has become especially popular due to its good adaptation to various climatic conditions.
Description of Potato Adretta
Among other hybrids, Adretta potatoes stand out for their high yields. The fruits are perfectly boiled and have a great taste. Yellow potato species have always been considered a fodder variety, but since the advent of the Adretta variety, everything has changed. Characteristics of the variety Adretta:
- peel heterogeneous in structure has a yellowish tint;
- one of the differences is the eyes of compact sizes;
- the shape of the fruit is oval;
- bushes are compact, upright, low;
- the deciduous part is of different sizes: small and large leaves may be present on one bush;
- ripening time of 80-85 days.
Kind of Adrett is not susceptible to temperature extremes. The description of taste indicators, says that the tubers, after heat treatment, become friable, which makes the variety ideal for making mashed potatoes and chips. Unlike other varieties demanding on the soil composition, Adretta variety can grow in any soil.
A detailed description of Adretta confirms that the Adretta variety is considered very attractive to many breeders. Among the farmers, German potatoes very quickly found their fans, thanks to the high yield and relatively early ripening period.
From 1 ha, you can collect up to 45 tons of excellent quality potatoes. In very rare cases, after frosts, the appearance takes on a sweetish aftertaste.
Unfortunately, for all its high quality indicators, Adretta potatoes have one significant drawback. The variety is too much exposed to all kinds of fungi and pests. This often causes a significant decrease in yield and quality.
There are analogues that are more resistant to diseases and pest attacks. By taste, this potato can be surpassed only by the Teleevsky look. Varieties bred in Germany are the potato "elite." Their taste data are considered the best in the whole world.
For all its not picky care, potatoes still can not grow on their own. Proper care and timely application of fertilizers can significantly improve the quality and quantity of the crop. Culture should be planted in spacious, sunny areas. When landing, the localization of groundwater should be taken into account. The distance to them should be at least 1m.
The soil for planting needs to be prepared
Ideal for planting are loamy or sandy loamy soils. But, on other soils, potatoes of this species will also grow well. Soil preparation begins in the fall, after harvesting. Dig in advance, the selected area, fertilize it with organic.
In the spring, before planting, the soil is again dug up. Superphosphate fertilizers are applied. Landing is carried out when the frost ends, from late April to mid-May.
Preparing planting material
Seeds are prepared at harvest time, picking the healthiest and most even tubers. In spring, seed should be removed from the cellar. Potatoes begin to germinate, approximately 1.5 months before planting.
The air temperature in the room should be 18 ℃, and relative humidity 40-60%. After 21 days, the tubers will turn green and sprout. At this stage, they should be moistened with water and covered with a film. In this form, leave for another 7 days.
To disinfect the fruit, special chemicals are used or a solution of manganese, boric acid, copper sulfate and water is made independently. Before planting, it is recommended to put a tablespoon of ash in the wells. This helps enrich the soil with nitrogen and potassium. To enrich the soil with fluoride and calcium, grated egg shells are used.
Seeds are planted to a depth of 10 cm. Wells are made at a distance of 40 cm from each other. The pitch between the rows is about 60 cm.
To repel pests in each hole, it is recommended to put chicken droppings. The main thing is not to overdo it, otherwise the soil will become too acidic. After landing with a rake, the ground is leveled.
To get a good harvest, it is necessary to provide appropriate care to the plants. Fertilizers are applied at the planting stage. The main thing is to ensure optimal soil moisture. For 1 bush, on average, 3 liters of water are needed, in dry weather 4 liters.
Watering is carried out by sprinkling or through the drip system. It is important to remember that an excess of moisture can lead to the development of fungal diseases. The second fertilizer is carried out after flowering.
The procedure does not make sense if the weather is dry, otherwise the tubers will overheat and yield will decrease. Under normal conditions, hilling is carried out twice a season. The first time the shoots appear 12 cm high, the second time the shoots grow 20 cm tall.
The procedure is carried out in the morning or in the evening. In an arid climate, instead of hilling, loosening the soil between rows should be carried out. This will enrich the root system with oxygen. Removing weeds, allows you to save moisture in the soil.
To understand that a plant lacks vitamins is possible by its appearance. If the shoots are weak and thin, urea must be added. To speed up flowering, when the first buds appear, ash is added in combination with potassium sulfate.
Top dressing at the flowering stage helps to accelerate the growth of the root system. At this stage, organics or superphosphates are used. On average, 0.5 l of fertilizer leaves for 1 bush each time.
What can hurt
The Adretta potato variety is considered resistant to various viruses, but there is a list of diseases that should be feared.
- Phytophthora - manifests itself with an excess of moisture. Brown stains appear on the stems, and the root crops are affected by rot.
- Macrosporiosis is the terrestrial part and the root system is covered with dry brown spots.
- Scab - dry and wet rot of the ground and root parts.
- Aphids are a common pest that affects potato shoots during the growing season. As a warning, plant parsley or dill next to potatoes.
- The Colorado potato beetle is the most common pest that affects any kind of potato.
- Orange whitefly - sucks all the nutrients from the leaves.