Description of the Pinto
A pinto is any individual that has marks of various shapes on its body. Depending on the places of localization of the marks, several apprentices are distinguished. A pinto is an individual that has white markings on the background of any shade, sometimes reaching such sizes that it seems that white is its main color. Pinto is considered partly a form of albinism. The result of this feature is blue eyes.
In the USA, Pinto horses are officially registered as Pints or Pinto horses, which are divided into 3 types:
The pinto of a horse is divided into types, determined by the location of the pinto spots on the body. Most often, representatives of the pinto suit have blue irises. Both eyes can have irises of different colors, that is, one is blue, and the second is brown or in half with blue.
For pinto horses of the first type, a distinctive feature is the presence of a dark shade in the color that covers both sides at once or only one. The limbs below the knees are snow-white. Often, all dark spots are symmetrical, rounded in shape. The spots are located around the perimeter of the body and descend along the chest, creating a kind of shield. The tail in most cases is painted in 2 shades.
The genotype can be manifested with varying degrees of severity, so pinto horses can appear from individuals who are themselves not pinto. The overo suit is divided into several types. The first type is a frame overro, which means frame. The name is true. If you look closely, the pint mark is framed by a different color, as if in a frame.
Against the main background, white marks of torn shape with edges are arranged in random order. White spots very rarely pass along the back line. The exceptions are cases of mass predominance of white or when shapeless spots pass over the head area. With this color, the eyes of horses always have a blue tint. The limbs or at least 3 of them are similar in color to the main color, the tail is solid.
The type of sabino overo is characterized by the location of white spots on the limbs, which very often rise almost to the sternum. The characteristic location of the spots is the peritoneum. In the area of the head, a semblance of baldness with a capture of the lower lip is noted. Pinto is manifested in the form of white spots with uneven edges or in the form of a snow-white pile mixed with the main shade, which in aggregate resembles a roan, but by genotype has nothing to do with it.
For the type overo splashed white, the location of the white pile from bottom to top is characteristic. In the photo, such an animal looks like it ran through the white paint. White pile is also located in the area of the muzzle and ears. Tovero combines the features of the two previous types. When crossing overo and tobiano very often individuals with a mixed color appear.
In the photo, the representatives of the color look simply dazzling. They combine all the features of overo and tobiano. In the registration process, there is often confusion about which suit the foal is still attributed to. For the most part, the resemblance of a bald head is a feature of tover.
Jagged marks are also referred to as decals. There is a big doubt about overs with a predominant white pile in the mane. Often, the color of the extremities of the pinto is a dark coat. Sometimes it is so difficult to determine pinto toverto that you have to study all the pedigree and features of the offspring.
The pinto of the horse makes the species more susceptible to sunlight than others. Many believe that if a horse has blue eyes, then it is blind. This is a misconception. What color scheme the iris of the eye will be, is in no way connected with the quality of vision. Any of the pinto subtypes can have the whole spectrum of color palettes, which starts from completely snow-white representatives and ends with dark monochromatic horses.
When breeding pinto horses, it is simply impossible to calculate which genotype the foal will inherit. For example, when two overos are crossed with pronounced external signs, the chance of stillbirth is very high if both of them carry the genotype responsible for the overo frame suit.
What selection will provide a positive result? If both parents carry the gene responsible for splashed wye, the chances are minimized. When crossing individuals carrying the sabino gene, the chances of obtaining dead offspring are also minimized. Safe crossbreeding between pinto horses by genotype:
- sabino - sabino, splashed white, tobiano, toro;
- splashed what - sabino, tobiano, tover;
- tobiano - sabino, splashed white, tover;
- toro - sabino, splashed yat, toro;
Crossing all genotypes with an overo frame gives a high percentage of stillbirths.
The health problems are in pinto horses at the genetic level. As mentioned above, the weakest representatives of the species are carriers of the frame overo gene. The main problem is the pathology of the development of the colon. Foals suffer severe pain and swelling. In the vast majority of cases, this pathology leads to death.
Such problems can be avoided if you carefully monitor the pedigree and crosses within the species by genotype. The most dangerous relationships within a genus between two overo frames and overo-tovero frames. Although some experts believe that the offspring will be healthy if the carrier of the gene frame is crossed with a different genotype, however, when crossing with the frame of the overo there is always a risk of stillborn foals or offspring with intestinal development pathologies.
All horse diseases are divided into infectious and non-infectious. In the first case, it is infection with bacterial infections, infection with worms is also referred here. In the second case, horses begin to hurt due to improper care, insufficiently balanced feeding. It is very important to conduct annual preventive measures to remove worms. Usually, such events are carried out before vaccinations, otherwise the vaccine will be ineffective.
Vaccination is a guarantee of good horse health. Many diseases cause irreversible pathological processes in horses. Some past diseases increase the risk of developing abnormalities in the offspring.
Care and breeding
Pinto - a suit quite common in our territories. In general, the breed has good immunity. Special skills in the cultivation of this species is not necessary. The only nuance in breeding is the collection of information on the pedigree and offspring. Monitoring data will avoid bad experiences in breeding.
The diet is practically no different from the nutrition of other horses. A pinto should receive enough vitamins and minerals. Representatives of the breed love warmth and comfort, so the premises for their maintenance should be insulated, protect from drafts. Pinto horses do not tolerate infectious diseases. The key to good health of the horses is regular exercise and proper dressage. Optimal physical activity has a positive effect on the development of the cardiovascular system. Foals need special care. It is very important to vaccinate offspring on time and show the pets regularly to the veterinarian.
In order for your horse to be as beautiful as in the photo, it is necessary to carry out regular cleaning and horseshoeing. Bathed pinto horses once a week. Frequent bathing can provoke the appearance of dermatitis, so more often than this period should not be done. After washing with a special shampoo, the wool is rinsed with clean water and wiped dry, then combed out with a brush.
Horseshoeing is necessary if the horse is used in hard work or is a participant in horse racing. Horseshoe can be carried out only on the front or hind limbs, as well as on all four. Which hooves to shoe, are determined by what limbs the impact force will be.
Pinto has always been associated with the Indians. Ancient American tribes believed that a pinto horse brings good luck. The breed of horses is considered very ancient. The first mention of animals can be found in ancient Egyptian records.
Many do not quite understand the definition of pinto, what it looks like. It is a misconception that white is the basis of color. These white spots are located on the main background of any other color. White marks can have a different arrangement and the most interesting shape. Tails can be two-color and one-color, pied marks are also traced on the mane.
There is an opinion that blue-eyed horses are born only in representatives with the overo genotype. However, blue-eyed foals can be born to maternal individuals of any type. This feature does not affect vision in any way, but sensitivity to sunlight in blue-eyed is increased.
The second misconception about the color of the tobiano: it is believed that the Tobian is spotted and spots are scattered throughout the body, and in the overs, on the contrary. However, the color of the pinto is different in that the main color can be any, and the pinto spots are white. It’s just that sometimes they reach such dimensions that it seems as if the main white background. In each genotype, individuals of various textured colors, from snow-white to pure black, are found.