Description of pear variety Marble
Over the past few decades, breeders have bred a large number of varieties of pear trees. About 200 varieties are grown on the territory of the Russian Federation. One of the most sought after is the Marble pear. It attracts gardeners with a crown, tasty fruits and high yield characteristics.
Description of pear variety Marble
Marble pear variety was bred as a result of crossing varieties Zimnaya Michurina and Beauty Forests.
In 1965, a pear of the Marble variety was added to the State Register of the Russian Federation. It is suitable for cultivation in all regions of the country, but is most often found in the south.
The height of the tree is about 4 m. The crown of medium density is presented in a wide pyramidal form. Most of the bark on the main trunk and stem is dark gray. Brown color is found on the side shoots. The formation of fruits occurs on the gloves.
According to the description, the leaves are medium in size, dark green. The kidneys are presented in the shape of a triangle and have a brown tint. The sheet plate is smooth and glossy in structure. Inflorescences include a large number of pale pink flowers. The size of the flower is 3-5 cm. Up to 9 flowers are formed in one bud.
Appearance of fruits
The size of the pear Marble slightly exceeds the average characteristics. Most often, fruits are 10-13 cm long and weighing 200 g. The shape of the fruit is conical.
The peel is dense, contains a small amount of small spots. The main color is saturated yellow. During the period of full ripening, the fruits acquire a marble blush of a pink hue. According to the description, the Marble pear variety contains a small amount of small brown seeds.
The taste is full, sweet. Sugar level is 15-17%. Such fruits contain a large amount of vitamins of groups C and B, so they positively affect the health and immune system of a person.
Fruiting occurs at 6 years after planting, in mid-summer. For high yields, mandatory pollination is necessary. It is believed that the pear Marble refers to partially self-pollinated crops, i.e. it can independently act as a pollinator.
It can be grown close to other, adjacent pear varieties. Ideal pollinators for her are a variety of Chizhovskaya, Lada or Duchess. They are characterized by resistance to diseases and high bearing characteristics.
For a pear, you need to choose a good place
Before embarking on a planting, you need to determine the right place for planting and choose the best seedling. It is also important to choose the perfect soil or prepare it in advance.
When choosing a seedling pay attention to its characteristics:
- Age must not exceed 2 years. Elderly seedlings are inhibited in development. It is difficult to dig them up for transfer to a new place: there is a chance of damage to the root system.
- The roots should be correctly and evenly spaced in relation to each other. They should not be damaged. The maximum number of main roots should be no more than 5. The length of the roots should not exceed 30 cm.
- The bark should not have any signs of damage or infection.
This variety is planted both in spring and autumn. Spring planting is carried out only after the disappearance of the risk of frost: The marble pear does not tolerate low temperatures. The ideal time for planting in the spring is the beginning of May.
In autumn, trees are planted in October: this way the plant will have time to begin before the onset of frost.
A pear is a plant that loves a large amount of moisture, heat and light, so they choose the areas where the sun's rays fall. If you install a barrier from the winds at a distance of 3.5 m from the plant, this will increase productivity.
The soil should be nutritious, with a high content of black soil, sand. It must be loose. Pear trees should not be planted in clay areas: fruiting is worse on them.
The development of the tree depends on the correct planting
To begin with, dig a hole 80 cm wide and 100 cm deep. After that, organic matter is introduced into it in the form of compost or humus. After a few weeks, the seedling is lowered into the pit. The root bud should be located at a height of 4 cm from the ground, it can not be buried: this leads to the death of the roots.
Near the hole at a distance of 2 cm they drive in a support in the form of a peg. This is necessary for tying the plant, which allows it to develop correctly. The root system is evenly distributed throughout the entire area of the hole and gradually fill it with earth. The earth should fill the areas between the roots. After the pit is filled, the earth is tamped and watered with 2 buckets of water.
Leaving is the most important stage; it is on it that the development of the plant and the result of productivity depend.
It is important to water in time: the development of the plant and the formation of fruits depend on it. If the moisture level in the soil is insufficient, this will lead to low fruiting. Watering is carried out in the morning or in the evening, but only with warm water. Watering frequency is once a week. Each plant should have 2 buckets of water.
Care does not consist of only watering, it is important to regularly feed the culture. Be sure to carry out high-quality fertilizers. Top dressing is applied according to a certain mode. The first top dressing using humus is introduced during flowering. The second - during the formation of the fruit. It implies the use of phosphorus-potassium compounds and will allow the fruits to increase in size and acquire an even more intense taste. The third subcortex is carried out during the period of active fruiting. At this point, it is better to use peat or compost: this will allow the tree to absorb nutrients for the winter period of time.
Damaged, dry or diseased branches are removed in a timely manner. Also, once a week, loosening the soil and removing weeds is carried out.
If signs of scab occur, they are sprayed with 1% Bordeaux fluid. When exposed to powdery mildew, the treatment is carried out with a 4% solution of copper sulfate. Only preventive spraying with Bordeaux liquid saves from fruit rot.
Of pests, ticks, moths, tundra and rodents are isolated. Colloidal salt will get rid of ticks. Moth will disappear if the plant is treated with a solution of garlic. They can get rid of tartar if they spray the entire bush with tinctures of calendula or chamomile. To protect the culture from rodents, use a special grid, which is sold in agricultural stores.
Marble pear - an option for beginner gardeners. It is able to provide the crop in the amount that all gardeners dream of, because from 1 tree, with proper care, they collect about 70 kg of products.