Description of pear Talgar beauty
Pear Talgar beauty is one of the most common varieties in Russia. This species is characterized not only by the beauty of the fruit, but also by excellent yield indicators.
Description of pear Talgar beauty
Pear Talgar beauty was bred in Kazakhstan. Developed by one of the country's leading experts - Katseiko. This variety was bred as a result of natural pollination of such a crop as Forest Beauty. Since 1960, this culture has been tested. Only at the beginning of the 90s she was able to get a place in the State Register of the Russian Federation.
According to the description, the cultivation of this pear is carried out only in the North or in the Caucasus region. Despite this, most of the inhabitants of the southern and central regions grow it on their sites.
The height of the tree is 3-4 m. The crown is of a pyramidal shape, of moderate density. Branches hang down evenly. On the surface of the main trunk and side branches there is a flaky bark of a gray hue. Fruit formations are located on the glove.
Characteristic of shoots: they have a moderate thickness and smooth surface. The color of the bark on the shoots is brown. The conical shape of the kidneys does not have a large amount of edge. The color of the leaves is dark green, the surface of the leaf is smooth, and the tip is pointed. On the edges of the leaves are small denticles.
The main pollinators of the culture are bees and related pear varieties. To increase productivity, shoots are planted at a distance of no more than 10 m from each other.
As pollinators, only varieties are selected that are resistant to diseases and low temperatures.
Pear variety Talgar beauty has medium-sized fruits (average weight - 170 g). Individual pears reach a weight of 250-300 g (with good care).
The following characteristics of the fruit should also be noted:
- oval shape;
- the upper part is slightly sloping;
- color is saturated yellow;
- the main part, starting from the end, is covered with a pale pink shade;
- the peel is glossy, smooth to the touch;
- on the surface of the peel there are small dots of various shades (black, white or beige);
- the pulp is creamy, juicy, inside there is a small amount of seeds.
The taste is full, sweet. According to the description, sugar is 15%. You can eat crisp fruits of this tree fresh or prepare various desserts from them. Often, baby food is prepared from the fruits of this variety.
The variety grows in any region.
Talgar beauty is a picky variety that can bear fruit in any part of the country. It is better to plant seedlings in regions with a warm climate.
Seedlings are planted in the fall. Such a time is chosen so that there are no frosts, otherwise the open root system will die under the influence of low temperatures. We need to wait for the moment when the leaves fall from the trees: they will cover the ground and warm it a little.
If you didn’t have time to plant a tree in the fall, you can start this procedure in the spring. It is better to do this in early April, when the foliage on the trees has not yet appeared, but the ground has warmed up to a temperature of 8-10 ° C.
Choose the light areas located on the south side. Continuous sun exposure will accelerate the formation of the kidneys and a small blush on the fruit. You can also put a fence at a distance of 3-4 m from the plant. This allows you to protect it from constant winds and the formation of shadows.
The Talgar beauty does not bear fruit in clay and boggy areas. Preference is given only to loose and nutritious soils. The level of acid-base balance should not exceed 4%. In the presence of groundwater, planting is possible only in elevated areas or using drainage in the holes.
In order for the Talgar beauty to quickly take root in a new place and give high yield indicators, the following rules must be followed:
- A hole is dug up a few weeks before the intended landing. The sizes directly depend on the size of the root system. The average depth of the hole is 50 cm, and the depth is 130 cm.
- Organic matter is added to the well. It is believed that the seedling will take root better in the soil if you make several buckets of humus or compost. Such substances can increase the adhesion of roots and earth.
- A special support in the form of a peg is driven into the pit. This is necessary so that the plant can be tied up. Also, the support is designed for even growth of the trunk. Only pegs with a height of 150 cm and a width of at least 5 cm are selected.
- After the seedling is put into the pit, the roots are distributed around the entire perimeter of the hole. Gradually fill the ground so that it covers the entire root system. The root part (neck) should be located above the ground.
- The earth is tamped and watered with 1 bucket of warm water. For these purposes, use a special sprayer so that the top layer of the earth is not washed off under pressure.
The tree needs to be well looked after
In order for the Talgar beauty to give high yields, you need to adhere to certain rules of care.
Watering is carried out with warm water, depending on climatic conditions. In high heat, the plant is watered 2 times a week. If the air temperature is in the range of 20-25 ° C, watering is carried out once a week. For 1 square. m plantings use about 5 liters of water.
Pruning is carried out immediately after planting a young seedling. Side branches are cut into ¼ part. Only skeletal branches are cut, not the main trunk. An adult tree is pruned every year in spring. Only new branches are cut, creating a dense cover. Do not disregard the diseased areas that take up most of the nutrients. They are also being disposed of.
In the fall, mineral nitrogenous substances are introduced, allowing the plant to recover over the winter. In spring, the Talgar beauty should be fed with organic substances in the form of humus or bird droppings. At least 2 kg of fertilizer is applied to each bush.
Diseases and Pests
Talgar beauty has good immunity. Despite the fact that this culture is rarely exposed to pests and fungal infections, certain preventive measures must be taken. Gardeners use both specialized chemical substances and folk remedies to combat parasites.
With a fungal infection, it is better to use mixtures of different drugs. If there is scab, each tree is treated with a mixture of 1% Bordeaux fluid and 4% copper-containing chlorine. From mildew only colloidal sulfur in the amount of 30 g per 10 l of warm water helps. Spraying is carried out every 10 days until the disease is completely eradicated.
Often this variety suffers from fruit rot. Unfortunately, it is impossible to cure this disease — all the fruits will have to be removed from the tree, but preventive measures can be taken. When the first inflorescences are just beginning to appear, the tree is treated with a 1% solution of Bordeaux fluid.
The main parasites to which Talgarka is exposed are the tinnitus, pear mite or moth. You can be saved from tinnitus with the help of tincture of calendula, with which the plant is sprayed every 3 days. The tick is easy to destroy with tincture of red cayenne pepper (treatment is carried out once a week). You can get rid of the moth thanks to tincture of nightshade (3 cups of berries are bred in 10 liters of water and insisted during the day).
To get a good and high-quality crop, gardening must be taken care of.