Description of the pear Memory of Zhegalov
Pear Memory of Zhegalov - a sort of memorial that was bred in Moscow and named after the geneticist breeder S. I. Zhegalov. Plants are most widely grown in the Central region and the southern strip of our country.
Description of the pear Memory of Zhegalov
The description of the pear variety in memory of Zhegalov should start with its features. The first of these is the absolute self-sterility of plants. To obtain a crop, good pollinating trees are needed, which include: Marble pear, Yakovleva's favorite and Moscow Bergamot.
In general, pears of the Pamyat Zhegalov variety are famous for their good yields, but only when warm weather accompanies this at the time of fruit set. The fact is that pollination requires the participation of insects (bees), which in cold weather do not fly out of the hives.
The period of active fruiting for the variety begins in late September. The first fruits from young trees are harvested already in the third year of life. They do not overact for a long time and are well preserved even on a tree. Pears are recommended to pluck a week or two before full ripening and leave to ripen in a cool room.
Pears have high transportability and a long shelf life, so they can easily lie until mid-winter. Thanks to their excellent taste, they are used for making jams, various desserts and fruit salads, as well as dried and boiled compotes.
Zhegalov's memory grows rapidly, reaching medium size (about 3 m). The crown of plants as they grow older changes shape from funnel to round. The color of the bark is from saturated gray-green to light gray. There are a lot of leaves on plants, they are painted in dark green color, have a slight bend.
Trees delight with beautiful and plentiful flowering, if there are pollinators nearby. Inflorescences are corymbose, white and medium in size (5-7 flowers each).
The size and weight of the fruit range from 120 to 200 grams. They have an obovate shape. The color at the stage of technical maturity is green; as it ripens, it changes to lemon yellow, acquires a slight blush and slight rust.
The skin is shiny and smooth. The pulp has a yellowish tint, very juicy and slightly grainy. The taste is slightly oily and pleasant, with a slight acidity, the aroma is well defined.
Advantages and disadvantages
The benefits include:
- excellent taste of the fruit;
- high productivity;
- winter resistance;
- relative unpretentiousness to growing conditions;
- long shelf life of pears and the versatility of their use;
- resistance to the most common and dangerous diseases;
- early maturity of plants;
- high transportability and good presentation.
Pear does not like drafts
The first step is to choose a suitable place for landing. It should be well lit by the sun and, at the same time, protected from winds and drafts.
As for the southern and central regions, planting is preferably carried out in the fall, so that the plants get a good hardening in the winter. When cultivating the Memory of Zhegalov in areas of Siberia or the Urals, planting is carried out in the spring.
The landing pit is prepared in advance: in the fall before spring planting and three weeks before the fall. The soil around must also be well plowed. The diameter of the pit is 65-75 cm, and the depth is about a meter. At the bottom put a portion of a pre-prepared mixture consisting of humus and sand (2 buckets) mixed with earth and one glass of superphosphate.
The seedling is carefully lowered into the pit and sprinkled with the second part of the mixture. It is important to ensure that the root neck is 5-7 cm higher than the soil level. A peg is driven into the soil, to which the plant is firmly fixed - it will prevent the trunk from bending.
After planting a seedling, it must be watered with 3 buckets of water and mulching with peat. Periodically, it must be repeated, while peat can be replaced with sawdust.
Young plants do not tolerate drying out of the soil, so they need weekly watering. Adult trees are enough to water 4 times per season, while mulching the soil.
Both mineral and organic fertilizers are suitable as top dressing, but organics should be preferred. About 2 kg of manure per 1 sq. M are annually brought into the soil near the trunk.
In spring, it is good to apply nitrogen fertilizers, and in the fall - mineral fertilizers. The former will provide good vegetative growth, and the latter will provide a supply of trace elements for the winter. During flowering, the soil is fertilized with chicken droppings (1-2 liters) or 300 g of urea.
The main pruning is carried out before the juices begin to move, but at an air temperature above 8 degrees. Remove all excess shoots that will interfere with the plant, but their number should not exceed ¼ of the total mass. Autumn is a time for sanitary pruning, during which dry and damaged branches are removed.
The variety is winter-resistant, so there is no need to cover plants for the winter. Another important stage of care is regular loosening of soil on the site, as well as the removal of all weeds that can threaten the plant with various diseases.
Pears in Memory of Zhegalov are not exposed to various fungal diseases. But they are sometimes struck by the spotting of various species. To combat it, I use a solution of Bordeaux fluid, which is sprayed with leaves.
The danger is also some insects, which include:
- moth (for the prevention and control of it, plants are treated with a solution of 50 ml of Lepidocide and 10 l of water);
- mites (treatment with a 1% solution of colloidal sulfur dissolved in 5 l of water);
- aphid (treatment with coniferous broth);
- weevil and honeypot (spraying with infusion of 300 grams of tobacco chips mixed with 10 liters of water).
Due to its flexibility in transportation and storage, as well as its presentation and excellent taste, the Pear Memory of Zhegalov has become indispensable for large industrial enterprises. But no less common is its cultivation in suburban areas. It is quite unpretentious in care, but it pleases with a good return and the taste of the fruit, in addition, it is rarely sick, so it is well suited even for beginner gardeners.