Description of the pear Lyubimits Yakovlev

In the past few years, the pear Lyubimitsa Yakovleva began to gain special popularity among Russian gardeners. Special attention is paid to it by gardeners from the central parts of the country. The main reason for this demand is a sprawling bush, especially during flowering. It is also worth noting the excellent yield and large sweet fruits.

Description of the pear Lyubimits Yakovlev

Characteristic

The pear variety Lyubimitsa Yakovleva was bred in Russia. The main developer of the variety is considered S.P. Yakovlev. The species was obtained as a result of crossing such varieties as the “Blankova Daughter” and “Esperina Bergamot”. In the late 40s of the 20th century, active studies of this species began. The pear Lyubimitsa Yakovleva was added to the State Register only in 1975.

The variety is intended for cultivation in the Central and Volga regions. Lyubimitsa Yakovleva was especially popular in the middle regions of the Russian Federation.

Tree description

The plant is characterized by high growth. On average, the height of the tree is 3-4 m. A rare sprawling crown may wilt slightly over time. Depending on the care, the upper crown may be rounded or wide-pyramidal. Shoots of a wide form, a dark brown shade.

The description indicates that the leaves of this variety have a curved shape and a rich green tint. There is also a pointed tip of the sheet. Most often, fruits begin to form on fruit rods. Fruiting, as a rule, occurs 5-7 years after planting, namely in the fall. Productivity indicators make about 50 kg from 1 tree.

Pear Lyubimits Yakovleva belong to almost self-fertile cultures, she herself is able to act as a pollinator for herself. The self-fertility rate is 20-30%. You can also plant other representatives of pear trees next to the crop. The main pollinators are "Williams" or "Swallow". When planting next to the Yakovlev pear of the Duchess pear variety, the best pollination and fruiting processes are observed.

Description of the fetus

The description of the pear Lyubimitsa Yakovleva indicates that its fruits are quite large .. On average, the weight of an individual fruit is 170 g. But there may be cases where the fruit's weight reaches 250 g. At the time of maturity, the fruits acquire a rich yellow tint with a slight red blush . Seeds are characterized by an ovoid shape, with a light brown tint.

The pulp is sweet, juicy. A nutmeg taste is noted, which makes the fruit even more piquant. The following flavor characteristics of the fruit should also be noted:

  1. sugar level is 9-10%;
  2. the acid level reaches a maximum of 0.06%;
  3. group C vitamins are presented in an amount of 15 mg / 100g;
  4. B vitamins are 20 mg / 100g.

Due to the fact that the pear Lyubimitsa Yakovleva contains high levels of vitamins and minerals, it is one of the most healthy fruits. Suitable for fresh consumption or for the preparation of desserts (jam, compote, juice, marmalade or jam).

Landing rules

Planting crops is best done in the autumn season. By spring, the plant will fully take root and begin to produce the first buds.

Seat selection

The tree needs sunlight

First of all, you need to choose the right place to land. Yakovlev’s favorite needs a well-lit place. If this condition is neglected, then the sugar level in the fruits will drop significantly. It is necessary to choose places where there will be no excessive accumulation of moisture. Despite the fact that Lyubimitsa Yakovleva is a moisture-loving variety, an excess of water will lead to decay of the root system. If groundwater comes close to the surface of the earth, a drainage system must be installed.

The soil

Yakovlev’s favorite needs only fertile soils. Therefore, preference should be given to planting on chernozem or loamy areas. If it is not possible to plant a tree on fertile soil, you can feed organic matter on the already existing soil at this point. It is necessary to bring in it 1 bucket of compost or humus.

Disembarkation

Landing should be carried out in a prepared hole. Its depth should be 100 cm and a width of 55 cm. The seedling should be placed in it so that the root neck rises 6 cm above the ground. Now you need to fill the seedling with earth and tamp a little. After that, Yakovleva’s favorite needs watering. It is necessary to pour at least 2 buckets of warm water under the root.

Care

In order for Lyubimitsa Yakovleva to give high yield indicators and form correctly, it is necessary to provide her with full care. It consists in carrying out irrigation work, top dressing, pruning and, if desired, mulching.

Mulching

Mulching is done so that the soil around the tree is not covered with crust, and the weeds do not grow so quickly. Mulch is carried out using dry humus. Around the planted seedling, you need to lay out a layer of mulch 4 cm.

Watering

Watering is carried out with warm water, and only in the morning or in the evening. This reduces the risk of moisture evaporation. The optimum water temperature should be 25-28 ° C.

Fertilizer

Top dressing should include both minerals and organic. Mineral fertilizers should be used at the moment when the first flowers are just beginning to appear. Organics are used during fruiting and in the fall, before the onset of frost.

Pruning

On adult plants, only dry and diseased areas of the tree need to be trimmed. Young seedlings must get rid of long branches before planting. Therefore, it is recommended to trim each existing branch, except the main trunk, into на part.

Pests and diseases

The description indicates that “Beloved Yakovleva” does not have high immune system parameters. It can be affected by diseases such as powdery mildew or scab. If you notice that brown or gray spots began to appear on the tree, you should immediately spray it.

For these purposes, the best option is a 1% solution of Bordeaux fluid. Spraying should be carried out every 10 days, until the complete destruction of the disease. You can also use a solution of copper sulfate (20 mg per 10 liters of warm water).

Of the parasites, moths and mites are often found. You can get rid of them with the help of improvised folk remedies. Against parasites, a solution of red cayenne pepper or a solution of garlic will help. Spraying with these solutions is carried out every 3 days.

Conclusion

Despite the fact that Lyubimitsa Yakovlev has some drawbacks in the form of low immunity or exacting care, she is still popular among gardeners. The culture has a lot of advantages - a pleasant taste, high productivity.

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