Description of pear Forest Beauty

Pear Forest Beauty brought from Belgium. The variety has been renamed many times, so you can find such names as Forest Pear, Alexandrina, Flemish beauty. Today it is known in all countries of Europe and even Asia.

Description of pear Forest Beauty

Grade characteristics

The characteristic suggests that the Forest Pear belongs to the self-fertile. But to increase productivity, it is recommended to use pollinator trees, which include the varieties Bessemyanka and Limonka. The first fruits from a young plant are harvested already in the third or fourth year of life.

The variety is ripe (summer), the fruits ripen in the second decade of August. Productivity depends on weather conditions: in hot summer there are much fewer fruits than in cool. In addition, they mature and crumble rather quickly, so they are recommended to be harvested a week earlier than full ripening and processed as soon as possible. The shelf life depends on the conditions: if all the norms are observed, the fruits last up to two months.

Pear Forest Beauty - a dessert variety that is often used for making fruit salads, baking, drying, for harvesting for the winter, and also used fresh.

Pear Forest is cold-resistant, which makes it possible to grow it even in cold regions (Urals and Siberia). It is unpretentious both to the composition of the soil (clay is the exception) and to frequent watering. Plants are centenarians, they can survive even up to 100-150 years.

Tree description

Trees grow very fast. At the age of 10-12 years, they stop growing, reaching a height of 5-6 m (medium-high). The plants are strong, with a wide crown in the shape of a pyramid and thick branches. Leaves have a deep green color.

Flowering begins in April. Small flowers have a soft pink tint, can withstand sudden changes in temperature and cold. In mid-May, the ovary is usually already formed.

Fruit Description

Fruits of medium size and neat oval (more ovoid) shape. Their weight ranges from 120 to 150 grams, but under suitable conditions, it can reach 250 grams.

The peel is thin, but very dense, thanks to which the pears tolerate transportation well. It has a yellow color with a golden hue, rust spots are often present. With frequent sun exposure to the fruits, a pinkish blush forms on them.

Forest pear is valuable for its taste. The pulp has a yellowish tint, very soft, juicy and sweet. It has a rich, but delicate taste and pronounced aroma.

Landing

A very important step is the selection of a suitable seedling: there should not be any damage on the roots, the branches should be sufficiently flexible or whole.

Planting of seedlings should be carried out in late April - early May, but not earlier than a week after the snow melts. The place where the tree will grow should be well lit and protected from strong drafts.

As for the soil, the only exception is clay: the seedling will not grow on it. But the soil must be loose. Before planting, remove all weeds from the site.

The development of the tree depends on the correct planting

The pit is also prepared in advance: usually a week before landing. It should be deep (about a meter) and have 60-70 cm in diameter. The soil is mixed with humus and sand (20 kg each), and potassium sulfate (100 g) and 200 g of superphosphate are also added. This mixture is poured into the bottom of the pit, three buckets of water are poured, after which the plant is gently lowered there and covered with soil.

It is important to ensure that the neck remains above the surface of the soil. After planting, the soil around is well compacted and the seedling is tied to a peg. The variety is perfect rootstock next to summer or earlier autumn tree species.

Care

The description suggests that this variety is not picky about care. A good crop can be harvested if you follow the basic recommendations.

Watering

To ensure proper irrigation at a distance of 40 cm from the trunk, they tear out a small circular ditch into which water is poured. Pear Forest is demanding watering exclusively in the early years. Young trees need to be watered every week with two buckets of water. In addition, it is important to monitor the plants during the fruiting period: they must be watered before flowering and twice during fruit ripening. The rest of the time, the trees are watered when the soil around begins to dry out.

Pruning

The first pruning can be done in the second year of the tree's life in order to form the crown correctly. After the tree begins to bear fruit, pruning is carried out annually. This significantly increases productivity, helps remove excess and dry branches.

Top dressing

Begin feeding pears Forest beauty should be from the second year of life. It is necessary to use both organic and mineral fertilizers. The frequency of their application depends primarily on the soil on which the tree grows.

In spring, humus is added to the soil with water in the proportions of 1: 1. In summer, it is good to use phosphate-potassium top dressing and a solution of wood ash. At the end of fruiting, superphosphate with potassium chloride, urea or wood ash is added.

Other treatments

The description of the variety indicates that it is necessary to regularly loosen the soil on the site and remove weeds. Also, with the onset of cold weather, very young trees should be sheltered, including from rodents.

Possible diseases

Forest Pear is immune to many diseases and rarely exposed to insect attacks. The main and only enemy of the Forest Beauty is scab. It affects plants after frequent rains, even abundant morning dew and fallen leaves can be the cause of this.

In order to avoid infection, it is necessary to remove all fallen leaves from the site and regularly remove weeds, spray using Bordeaux fluid and regularly prune the crown.

Advantages and disadvantages

Benefits:

  • good yield;
  • excellent taste qualities of fruits and the versatility of their use;
  • their high transportability;
  • resistance to many diseases;
  • low maintenance and resistance to frost.

Disadvantages:

  • instability to scab;
  • fast overripening and falling of the fruit.

Conclusion

The characteristic shows that, along with the advantages, the variety also has disadvantages. The reason is that it belongs to quite old species. But, nevertheless, its significant advantage is the exceptional taste of the fruit, as well as frost resistance, which makes it possible to grow plants in regions with a cold climate.

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