Description of orchid phalonopsis equestris
Orchid - one of the most noble decorative flowers that require careful care. Breeders bred hybrid varieties that are comfortable for home care and growth, one of which is the Equestris orchid.
Description of orchid phalonopsis equestris
External description of the flower
Phalaenopsis Equestris, with lat. Phalaenopsis equestris is an herbaceous plant in the Orchid family. This is a hybrid view for home content.
Equestris is a miniature tree with small peduncles. The stem is short and branched, the leaves are succulent, due to this moisture is easily collected and absorbed.
The root system is airy and compacted. It has a thick layer of velamen. The roots in their composition are chlorophyll, so some of their parts are green.
Leaves and peduncles
Leaves are oval or oblong. Length no more than 16 cm, width up to 7 cm and thickness no more than 3 mm. The structure is dense, slightly fleshy. On the outside they have a dark green color, inside a reddish sheet.
The plant produces several peduncles, dark purple in color. The height of each varies from 13 to 32 cm. On the peduncle up to 15 pcs. little flowers. Each of them is 18 - 35 mm in diameter, rounded in shape.
The plant has a large palette of colors. Colors range from white, light pink and to a deep lilac shade. The lip of the plant is hairless and darker than the main color by several shades.
How a plant blooms
There are two main flowering periods - spring and autumn. During these periods, the plant consistently produces several peduncles. They gradually grow, give new buds. This process significantly increases the flowering time. Therefore, phalaenopsis equestris blooms for months.
This species is able to bloom in any other period. Proper care and comfortable living conditions will be beneficial for the general condition.
Subspecies of Equestris Orchid
Orchids are very diverse
Orchid has several hybrid subspecies:
- Bleu. Peduncles of lilac color with a blue tint. It features long flowering, up to 9 months.
- Alba Miniature subspecies. The leaves are narrow, the color is white. It also has a long flowering period.
- Grasse. The flower is medium sized. The color is lilac, oval. It features a large number of flowers on each peduncle.
There are several subspecies of this plant, the three presented by the most popular of all.
The plant is a little moody in the care and living conditions. Sufficient time must be devoted to providing it with everything necessary. You need to start with the right fit.
Planting begins with the proper selection of soil. The optimal type of soil is a ready-made mixture intended for home planting. If this was not found, you can cook yourself:
- components of inert origin (polystyrene foam, perlite, etc.);
- steamed bark of a pine tree;
Inaccurate ingredients can harm the root system.
Capacity for landing
They plant an orchid in plastic containers, after washing them. The pot must have a large number of holes that will let air through.
It is better to take the container transparent, so the sun's rays will fully warm up the root system, even in the depths of the pot. The size should be matched to the volume of the root, but slightly larger than it, by 2-3 cm.
Planting a plant with seeds is a laborious process. After the seeds have sunk into the ground, the container is tightly closed. The first sprouts appear 9 to 10 months after planting. After 2 years, the plant is transplanted into a permanent pot.
Phalaenopsis orchids cannot be propagated by plucking rhizomes. For this species, it is necessary to use reproduction with the help of new processes. On the separated bulb there should be 3 leaflets and a root length of at least 4 cm. The shoot is placed in a special plastic pot and normal care of the plant begins.
Compliance with humidity and lighting is mandatory
Hybrid species are not the most demanding in care, but there are general rules for full growth and development:
- the temperature in the room is 20 - 22 ° C;
- direct sunlight is prohibited;
- adequate lighting;
- air humidity 45 - 65%.
A flower loves fresh air, but is afraid of drafts. It is also necessary to trim the flower stalks after they have completely faded.
An important step in caring for a plant is its transplant. The main thing is to properly remove the root system from the pot without damaging it. Often the roots stick and grow into the substrate.
Gently rotten rotten roots and treat with dry powder of activated carbon or cinnamon. At the bottom of the pot lay drainage. Carefully place the flower in it, cover it with earth and spread it.
Fertilizer and watering
The flower needs deep and long-lasting hydration. Further, the root must be completely drained. It is better to put the pot in a container of water for several minutes. For irrigation use clean or melt water.
Top dressing is added at each 4 - 5 watering of the plant. Fertilizers are used only special, designed for indoor orchids.
Diseases and Pests
Hybrid phalaenopsis is little susceptible to disease and pests. Most often, problems appear against the background of improper care or the composition of the soil, fertilizer or diseased plants in the neighborhood.
First of all, it is necessary to remove the neighboring plant away from the infected. Revise the time and amount of watering, saturation with sunlight, temperature. Additional mixtures from various diseases will help to cope in the initial stages of the disease.
Pest control solutions, such as Fitoverm. It is important to use the drug strictly according to the instructions. Processing is carried out only from the moment the pest appears.
The only prevention for orchids is proper care. Fulfillment of basic requirements will save and save from any adversity.
Hybrid species of orchids, including the Phalonopsis Equestris, are very popular, as they are less demanding to care for. To grow a beautiful plant at home is not difficult.