Description of an Orange Washington Powered

An interesting practice is to grow exotic plants at home. It can be flowers, trees or shrubs, pleasing appearance, and sometimes fruits. One of the most famous and curious plants is the Washington Orange.

Description of an Orange Washington Powered

Characteristic Orange

The word “Pointed” is translated as “navel”. Orange was so named because of the navel-like process on the nose of the fetus. This is what the underdeveloped second fetus looks like.

Plant features

According to the description, the Washington Washington Navel belongs to the early ripe. It has the following features:

  1. At home, an orange tree grows up to 1-2 m. On open ground, it can reach 4 m. The branches are thin, long, which hangs down. The leaves are elongated, medium sized, ovoid, with smooth edges, pointed at the end, have a dark green color and small processes of lionfish. In the sinuses of each leaf are numerous small spines. Foliage life is 2-3 years.
  2. Flowering Washington Navel falls in the first half of spring after 3-4 years of plant life. Flowers are placed individually, sometimes gathering in inflorescences. Their size does not exceed 6 cm in diameter. Inflorescences of orange have a sweet smell, pink-white color. Under adverse flowering conditions (more often - at a low air temperature in the room), the buds are kept closed for a calendar month. The advantage of thinning inflorescences is to obtain larger fruits and with better taste.
  3. The fruits of the plant are characterized by a round shape, in rare cases, slightly elongated. Their weight is from 150 g to 300 g. The skin is dense, thick, with a fine-grained structure, poorly leaves the pulp, has an orange color, with increased humidity in a warm room, it gets a paler shade than usual. The core of oranges is red. The pulp is sweet, with a high juice content, sometimes a strawberry aftertaste is felt. Washington Navel fruits have no seeds, and fruits can easily transport and can lie for a long time, preserving the original qualities.

Plant care

According to the description, for the Washington Nevel to give a rich harvest, it is placed near the southern or eastern windows in the house. So the variety gets maximum daylight. In the summer, so as not to burn leaves, the dwarf tree is moved into the shade, taken out to the balcony or terrace - to the open air. So that the crown develops evenly and all the fruits have time to ripen, a tub of orange every day rotate around its axis.

The air temperature in the room depends on the period of growth of the plant. Maintaining heat within the limits of 15 ° С-18 ° С is suitable for flowering; the temperature 25 ° С-28 ° С is optimal for fruiting. Cooling should not be allowed below 5 ° C.

Humidity also plays an important role. The best option is to spray the foliage once a day. This action is especially relevant in a house with dry air. The same applies to watering. During active vegetation - in spring and summer - the soil at the root is moistened once a day, in the autumn-winter period, the frequency is reduced to 2 waterings per week.

As a top dressing, ready-made mixtures for fertilizing citrus fruits are suitable. Also use chicken droppings diluted in water in a ratio of 1 to 20 and infused for 7 days. The highest content of additives is made at the beginning of flowering and during the period of active development of the ovary.

Tree transplanting and pruning

Tree pruning and transplanting

A tree is transplanted and its crown is formed in spring, before the onset of an active flowering period.

  1. The variety is transplanted by transshipment, freeing the root system along with a lump of earth and moving it in this form to a new container. The rest of the soil is topped up to the top. Pebbles are necessarily poured to the bottom to provide good drainage.
  2. The composition of the soil in the pot or tub is important. The mixture consists of soddy soil, leafy soil, humus and sand. For seedlings, a ratio of 2: 1: 1: 1 is used; for adult fruiting trees, a ratio of 3: 1: 1: 1. The optimal frequency of transplantation is every 2-3 years.
  3. Branches growing inside the crown, as well as weak and very elongated, cut off. Thinning the crown so that on the branches of the first order there are 1-2 branches of the second order, on the branches of the second - 3-5 shoots of the third order, the branches of the fourth order are the basis for the fruiting of the orange.

Plant pests

The main pests of the Washington Navela variety are spider mites and scale insects. Methods of dealing with them:

  1. Against a spider mite, only prevention helps. To do this, apply soap foam, which is applied to the leaves and branches once a month. After waiting for the tree to dry, the earth in the pot is covered with polyethylene, after which the soap foam is washed off with water.
  2. For the destruction of scale insects, as well as for prevention, prepare a special emulsion: 2 tbsp. l washing powder and 40 g of laundry soap are diluted in a glass of warm water. A cotton swab is moistened with an emulsion, the leaves and branches are wiped with it, and after 3-4 hours they are washed off so that the solution does not enter the soil. The procedure is carried out once a week for a month.

Conclusion

Due to the exceptional qualities of the bonsai tree and the taste of the fruit, Washington Navel orange is known in the world market. It is important to take care of this plant properly in order to get a decent harvest of exotic fruits even in cold climatic conditions.

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