Description of the November pear
The November pear was bred in the middle of the twentieth century and from that moment has won the hearts of many gardeners. In various sources it is often referred to as Winter, Xenia, or November Moldova.
Description of the November pear
Description of pear variety November winter is rightfully called one of the best among winter ones. It impresses with its winter hardiness, therefore it is suitable for cultivation both in regions with a warm climate, and in the Far East.
The first fruits can be harvested already from a two-three-year-old tree, and it begins to bear fruit actively only in the fifth year of life. The best pollinators for the November pear are Hoverla, Clapp's Favorite, Conference and Williams Summer.
It is impossible not to note the high and, moreover, regular productivity. The plant begins to bloom quite early, and the fruits begin to ripen in October - early November, but it is better to use them after a while (3-4 weeks).
Fruits tolerate transportation well, so the variety is widely used by large industrial enterprises. They can be stored until spring, without losing their taste. Pears are used both for processing into jams and marmalades, and for the preparation of desserts, pastries, juices and stewed fruit, as well as consumed raw.
The tree is small in size, the crown is pyramidal in shape and grows up to 3 meters in height. The plant grows quickly enough, and after the beginning of fruiting its growth noticeably slows down.
The crown is very thick and wide enough. Branches and young shoots are thick, have a greenish-burgundy color. The surface of the leaves is elongated, saturated green in color, on the back side it is greenish-white.
The variety surprises with early and very beautiful flowering. Inflorescences are white in color.
Fruits, depending on growing conditions, can reach different sizes. On average, their weight ranges between 150-300 gr. They have an elongated, fairly asymmetrical shape.
The surface has irregularities in the form of grooves. The peel is colored yellow-green, which at the stage of full ripening becomes more amber. There is a slight burgundy blush and bright gray-brown subcutaneous dots are clearly visible.
The pulp is oily, white and very juicy. The taste of the fruit is sweet and sour. November pear has a distinct aroma.
Fruits are yellow-green with a blush, have an elongated, fairly asymmetrical shape
The November pear variety has several advantages:
- winter hardiness;
- high and stable productivity;
- good transportability and long shelf life;
- excellent taste of the fruit;
- fairly large fruits;
- resistance to common fungal diseases.
The first step is to choose a place to land. A sunny area is best suited, which will be protected from winds and drafts. Better - from the south side, because the plants are very thermophilic.
Pear seedlings of the Noyabrskaya variety can be planted both in autumn and in spring. The first option is suitable for regions with a warmer climate, for colder only spring planting is suitable.
Landing pit preparation
Landing pit should be prepared in advance. If spring planting is planned - in the fall, if autumn - in 3-4 weeks. The size of the pit should be selected depending on the size of the root system: the roots in it should not be bent. It is recommended to make it at least 1 m in diameter and 60 cm in depth.
It is necessary to prepare a fertile mixture, which consists of humus, soil and superphosphate (150 g). You can also add 50-70 g of potash fertilizer. The mixture is poured into the bottom of the pit in the form of a small hill before planting.
Seedlings must first be immersed in water for 10 hours. A peg is driven into the center of the landing pit, to which the trunk will be tied up after landing. The plant is lowered into the pit, spread the roots and gently fall asleep in the soil. It is necessary to ensure that the root neck remains above the ground. After planting, the soil is well compacted and seedlings are abundantly watered (20-25 liters of water).
Pear Noyabrskaya needs regular care. She needs: watering, pruning, fertilizing, weeding, weed removal and mulching.
Adult plants, like young trees, prefer moist soil. It is preferable to use sprinkling, or to irrigate in a groove around the tree. During the first summer after planting a tree, you need to water from two to five times. Further, the number of irrigations depends on weather conditions and soil conditions, but at least two or three times in spring and summer.
Pearing requires watering, pruning, fertilizing, weeding, weed removal and mulching
The first pruning should be done no earlier than in the second year of life. Further, this process is repeated twice a year. During spring pruning, a crown is formed, and in the autumn dry, damaged and diseased branches are removed.
Mulching is carried out immediately after planting. It is recommended to repeat this process every time after watering the trees.
In order for the plant to survive the winter well, the soil around is well mulched with peat, which makes it possible to protect the root system from freezing.
An important part of care is top dressing. In the spring, saltpeter is used as root dressing, which is introduced during the swelling of the kidneys. In May, the plant is fertilized with organic matter, and in the summer - with urea, alternating with phosphorus and potassium fertilizing. In the fall (after harvesting) use wood ash, as well as mineral fertilizers.
The soil on the site should be loosened regularly to improve access of air, water and fertilizers to the root system.
Pear Noyabrskaya has good immunity to various fungal diseases. But there are many others that can affect the tree and the fruits.
If you find black cancer, you must immediately remove all affected branches and leaves, and the wounds on the trunk are cleaned and treated with a 2% solution of Bordeaux fluid.
In order to avoid cytosporosis, it is necessary to carry out autumn sanitary pruning, as well as to bleach tree trunks. For treatment, Bordeaux fluid is used.
Among the insects that infect the variety:
- a tinker;
- green aphids;
The characteristic of the Noyabrskaya pear variety demonstrates its huge number of advantages in comparison with insignificant disadvantages. Although plants need constant care, protection from diseases and pests, they will be able to thank you with a regular good harvest and tasty fruits.