Description of New Hampshire Chickens

Poultry farming is the least expensive agricultural activity. However, in order to get good profit from the farm, attention should be paid not only to the conditions of keeping and diet, but also to the breed of poultry. First you need to decide on the purpose of keeping chickens, because there are meat and egg species. If there is no clear direction, then the New Hampshire breed of chickens is best.

Characterization of New Hampshire Chickens

A photo of these birds tops the rating of hens, equally good in all respects. This type of chickens was bred by the breeding method, therefore it has good egg production and is easily fattened for slaughter.

History of breeding of the species and habitat of the bird

New Hampshire is a breed of chickens, also known as New Hampshire Red, bred relatively recently. Her breeding originates in the states of New Hampshire and southern Massachusetts around 1910. The progenitor of this breed is Rhode Island Red.

Starting from the first representatives of this breed, breeders sought to achieve an increase in the vital activity of the bird, early maturation, the rapid formation of the shape, size and structure of the egg, as well as the maturation of the feather cover. It is believed that no other species were crossed with the Rhode Island Red specifically to bring out the New Hampshire. Breeders acted exclusively in breeding. Such birds developed for 20 years, until in 1935 it was standardized by the American Poultry Association.

The appearance of the breed

Very often, it is the photo of the New Hampshire chickens and the description that arouses the desire to buy birds of this species on their farm. The plumage and body structure have long put these birds on the podium of reference hens.

Description of the appearance of the breed New Hampshire

New Hampshire's neck is usually golden with black dots. The comb is neat, five-toothed, erect. The tail is bent relative to the body at an angle of 45 °, the tail feathers of the males are quite long. Feet of medium length, widely spaced and yellow in color. The beak is small, dark in color. Black feathers can be seen in the tail. The volume of the breast is wide, and its shape is convex.

Externally, this species has a nutty color. The beautiful, bright, rich plumage of New Hampshire remains lighter than that of their Rhode Island ancestors and is described as "deep red-chestnut." But this color has never been a reference in the process of breed formation. For breeding, only the best representatives of the breed are left, and chickens with flaws are sent for slaughter.

The most common rock defects are:

  • body shape does not fit the standards of the species;
  • oversized or small scallop size;
  • white coating on the lobe;
  • the color of the plumage is different from the norm;
  • different shade of eyes;
  • black dots on the wings;
  • fluff of a bird of a gray-black shade;
  • whitish skin and yellow beak.

Owing to their external beauty, males very often pose for photos or become symbols of various events.

Performance characteristics

This breed is traditionally bred for a double purpose: it is grown for both meat and eggs. But the emphasis is still on the weight of the chicken. Now kurovody try to find a balance between muscle mass and egg production.

Chickens grow quickly and gain weight, so they can be used as broilers or roasters. The weight of a live bird varies. According to the standard, the chicken should weigh about 3-3.5 kg, and the cockerel should weigh 3.5-4.5 kg.

The number of eggs in annual terms is 210 pieces per chicken. In this case, the egg can reach a weight of 72 g. But on average it is usually 65-70 g. It should be borne in mind that with an increase in the mass of the egg, egg production decreases. Chickens of this breed are characterized by an increased instinct for incubation. They lay brown eggs and treat them very carefully and carefully, do not peck or break.

New Hampshire Chicks and Young

The first chickens are hatched in spring, in March. Usually, about 40 heads of the best chickens and males are selected from hundreds of chickens, which are left on the tribe to get a new brood next year. It is believed that the most productive age of roosters is the first year of life. They are sometimes kept up to 3 years, but no more. The mane of the male should be bright golden and shiny, the tail is black, and under the wings - feathers to match the tail. Particularly pugnacious roosters are rejected, because calm in this case is a sign of breed.

New Hampshire roosters are very loving and often persistently take care of their favorite chicken, so females require a whole system of wire fences and separate nooks where they could rest from males or at least not be attacked by all the roosters at the same time.

New Hampshire Rooster and Chicken

When chickens grow up in the fall, they begin to sing, and culling is also performed by voice. Leave for divorce only the most bass.

This species is characterized by increased survivability, due to its breeding origin: about 90% of the total number of chickens survives.

Character

Typically, females of this breed are extremely calm. They love to walk, so you should not restrict the birds in movement. However, it is best to enclose the area with an aviary, as the hens are extremely curious and can turn the beds.

This species does not show aggression towards relatives or other breeds. During the hatching of eggs in females, take a substitute for each other.

The only whim of this breed is reluctance to rush in a clearly defined place. Females adore building their nests on their own in those nooks where they see fit.

Males of this species of birds are distinguished by noble character traits. They seek attention of the female by courtship and always protect their territory even from a stronger opponent.

Conditions of detention

This species perfectly transfers any environment: both closed and free. They understand their masters well and easily get used to them.

Sometimes the chicken escapes the rooster and ceases to rush. This means that she needs to give a break for about a week. If this behavior lasts longer, you should find out if the bird is sick.

When laying eggs, the chicken may not be able to cope with this process itself. This happens with injuries or inflammation of the oviduct. In this case, with clean hands, smeared with calcined oil, open the opening of the oviduct in the cloaca and then give the bird biomycin.

Coop in medium latitude should be relatively warm. You should not keep the bird on the concrete floor, otherwise it will catch a cold and die.

The chicken room should have adequate ventilation and a warmed ceiling. It is very convenient for chickens if an indoor fenced canopy is attached to the chicken coop, where the bird can walk in inclement weather. Walking at any time of the year contributes to the health of New Hampshire.

This breed copes well with cold, but scallops of birds can suffer from frostbite.

Feeding rules

In food, this type of chicken is unpretentious. In the early days, chickens should be fed a boiled egg. After a couple of weeks, greens and animal feed are added to the diet of young animals, and in 2 months of life, corn can be offered to birds.

Although New Hampshires have good immunity, they need to be vaccinated against plague. The following products should be introduced into winter lure:

  • green onions;
  • sprouted oats;
  • beet tops and carrots;
  • cottage cheese and boiled eggs;
  • complexes of vitamins and minerals.

Also, chicken should definitely add bone meal to the daily diet. You can make this supplement yourself: just burn the beef or pork bones in the oven. This breed increases egg production in winter, therefore, it is necessary to strengthen the addition of calcium and phosphorus to the diet.

Summarizing

So, New Hampshire is a type of poultry that is suitable for both experienced farmers and beginners. In addition to good meat and high egg production, these hens are distinguished by beautiful plumage and a pleasant appearance. They are grown for exhibitions and photos.

The conditions of detention of New Hampshire are not particularly difficult. Thanks to the selection origin, the chicken perfectly adapts to various feeds and temperatures. The soft nature of this species also serves as a plus, because New Hampshire can be lodged with other types of hens.

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