Description of the Mustang Horse
On the territory of America and Eurasia, you can meet an animal, with only one look at which associations are born on the theme of freedom, wildness and rampant. We think about all this when we have a Mustang horse in front of us. Wild horses Mustangs combine beauty and power. It is believed that such a horse is a descendant of a thoroughbred horse from France and Spain.
Unlike domestic horses
Mustangs are wild horses. They are very different from home ones, although outwardly they have common features with their predecessors. French and Spanish blood was mixed while the migration was going on, there were meetings with both ponies and heavy horse horses. This suggests that the horses went through tough natural selection, as a result of which wild Mustangs today have far more than one breed advantage. One of the main ones is that they are much faster than domestic artiodactyls. Due to this quality, Mustang horses are able to quickly and easily escape from predators, which are full of in the wild, as well as from hunters that kill them. The ancestors of the heavy trucks gave another clear advantage: these horses are very hardy and strong.
If you list the qualities of the Mustang horses, due to which they differ from domestic horses, then it will be as follows:
- strong immunity.
All these features could manifest themselves only as a result of natural selection.
But every phenomenon has two sides: this horse has obvious shortcomings, including unbridledness and love of freedom, rebellion. Mustang, unlike a domestic horse, will not take on any rider. He will submit only to the one who will win his respect. But if the rider managed to arouse love for himself, the handsome prairie will serve him faithfully to the grave. About fidelity, devotion of this breed legends go.
Despite their power and speed, the Mutanga horses are not very large. Wild horses are more likely to be in the middle weight category: up to 400 kg or even less. Growth at the withers is also not very high: only 1.5 m. The bone is not heavy. Just because of such an elegant physique, wild American horses are capable of developing tremendous speed.
If we talk about coloring, then it is most often, piebald, red or bay. A little less likely to meet a black Mustang horse. The quality factor of these beautiful horses is conveyed even by the photo. In wild conditions, a black and white mustang is found in pairs, which looks very beautiful.
This breed lives in a herd. The family cell of the Mustang horses necessarily has an alpha male and a main female. The main male performs protective functions in the pack, he protects the herd from enemy attacks as long as necessary, costs his death. He is strong, and he has to prove it in every battle. The alpha male is not the youngest male in the herd. As a rule, he is at least 6 years old. By this age, the horse already has enough skills and life experience, which allows to qualitatively protect the herd. All other horses in the pack obey the older male.
If the main male is absent, then the main female takes over the reins of government. Its purpose is to divert young horses from a dangerous situation. Interestingly, the alpha female is not necessarily the strongest in the herd. There is no competition among horses in the herd. Much more than power, life experience and fertility are valued in an alpha female.
If the herd is experiencing a dangerous situation, then the herd can be lined up with a square shape: it forms a circle in the center of which is a female with foals. The horses withstand the perimeter of such a defensive position, they turn to the enemies with croup. Thus, they still have the opportunity to use their hind hooves, which, with the right blows, bring the enemy guaranteed death.
What Mustangs Eat
The Mustang wild horses menu consists mainly of grass and shrubs. I must say that in the diet this breed is not picky. The places where they live usually do not differ in the diversity of vegetation; there are also very few sources of water there.
Any representative of the Mustang wild horse breed is able to walk a decent amount of time to get to the source of water and food. Such horses are used to doing without food for several days.
How to breed
Mustang mating period is spring and the very beginning of summer. Males by this time look after themselves the best females. In order for the horse to get into the mating just the horse that he looked after himself, he has to fight with other males. Such competitions can be very fierce. As a result, only the strongest horses gain access to the fertilization of the largest number of females. Such breeding dictates natural selection in the wild prairies of the west, which leads to the fact that the genes of horses are only improving.
Pregnancy in horses lasts 11 months. After this period of time, one foal is usually born. It happens that two are born, but this is a rare exception. In addition, if there are two babies, their immunity is usually weaker, which means there are less chances of survival. When a horse begins giving birth, it leaves the herd, specifically looking for a safe place.
A foal is born defenseless and weak in the wild, in this it is similar to domestic foals. But as soon as he was born, he faces an important task: to reach the udder, that is, to the source of milk, and for this he needs to gather strength and stand on his feet. Mother feed the foal for 6 months.
Maintenance at home is problematic, because by the nature of these wild horses do not withstand unfreedom, they are accustomed to exist in nature. May attempt to return to the wild.
So, the Mustang breed is a variety of beautiful, freedom-loving and strong horses living in the wild, and therefore requiring isolation.