Description of the mushroom royal champignon
There are many varieties of champignons, but royal champignons are considered the most delicious and attractive. Unlike ordinary whites, they have a brown shade of a hat and a large size. In addition, they are stored longer and have a rich aroma. Their taste resembles a white mushroom.
Description of the mushroom royal champignon
The appearance of the mushroom
The cap of the royal champignon has a hemispherical double-yellow shape: it is slightly depressed, the edges with the remains of the bedspread are wrapped inward. These mushrooms differ from ordinary ones in light brown color and brown spots. There is an artificially bred variety with a smooth white hat.
The diameter of the hat reaches 7-15 cm, sometimes 25-30 cm. The plates have a gray-pink color with a brown tint. Spore powder is brown.
The leg has the shape of a cylinder, narrowed at the base, and is 2-3 cm wide, 4-8 cm long. It is smooth to the touch, its color matches the color of the hat.
The pulp has a white color, but on the cut it turns pink.
Royal champignon contains many useful elements that positively affect the body. The use of these mushrooms:
- speeds up the digestive tract;
- improves appetite;
- prevents the formation of blood clots;
- slows down aging;
- affects the heart and blood vessels, reducing the risk of heart attack;
- relieves inflammation;
- has an expectorant effect;
- optimizes brain function;
- removes toxins from the body.
This species is classified as heavy food due to the presence of chitin in the pulp. This substance is not absorbed by the body, so mushrooms are poorly digested. Therefore, do not give these mushrooms to children under 12 years old. Eat royal champignon preferably 3 times a week. It is worth abandoning the use of such diseases:
- stomach upset;
Like other species, royal champignons are mushrooms that actively absorb toxic substances from the soil, so you should not collect them near routes and industrial enterprises. It is better to buy artificially grown mushrooms.
Young mushrooms are very tasty
Young mushrooms are used for food, because they have a more delicate taste and pleasant smell.
Before starting cooking, the mushrooms are thoroughly cleaned from the ground and washed. Do not leave them in the water for a long time, because they can lose their taste and aroma. When cleaning, cut off the film that connects the leg and the hat.
If the mushrooms are boiled in advance, then they are added to the dish at the final stage of cooking. Large mushrooms are used for frying and baking, medium size is often left for fillings, and small ones for pickling.
Champignons can be eaten raw. They are added to a variety of salads or prepare sauces. For a more pleasant taste, they are slightly sprayed with lemon juice. For the safe use of raw champignons, it is necessary to rinse them in running water and dry, and then cut into thin slices. Do not store fresh chopped mushrooms for too long, they lose their beneficial properties and taste.
For the preparation of pickled mushrooms take:
- fresh champignons - 700 g;
- onions - 150 g;
- vegetable oil - 50 ml;
- vinegar - 25 ml;
- bay leaf, pepper, salt.
Mushrooms are washed and fried for 2-3 minutes. no oil added. When the product begins to secrete juice, add the remaining ingredients except dill. The dish is brought to a boil, removed from the heat and sprinkled with herbs. Then the mushrooms should be infused for several hours. Pickled champignons are served cold.
Another popular cooking method is canning. To do this, take the following ingredients:
- water - 1 l;
- bay leaf - 6-7 pcs.;
- salt, sugar, vinegar, vegetable oil - 1 tablespoon each;
- cloves, allspice.
For conservation, medium-sized mushrooms are taken, it is important that they are not damaged. They are washed well for 10 minutes. soaked in a solution with the addition of citric acid. When they sink to the bottom, they get out, cool and fill with salt water. Then, together with spices, they are put in jars; the containers should be 80% full. After they are poured with marinade, covered with a lid, left to pasteurize for 20 minutes. and roll up.
Champignons are also useful in medicine: they contain little fat and carbohydrates, so they are often used in the diet menu. They also lower the amount of sugar in the blood, because of this it is included in the diet of patients with diabetes.
Due to the fact that this type of mushroom has an expectorant effect, it is useful to eat with asthma, bronchitis and tracheitis. A large amount of riboflavin and thiamine in the composition stops migraine and headache.
Mushrooms are used for medicinal purposes.
An extract is prepared from this product, which helps in violation of the epidermis. For the preparation of this medicine, unwashed fresh mushrooms are used. They are cut into small pieces, put in a jar and poured with olive oil. Next, the jar is put in the refrigerator for 4 hours and taken out every 60 minutes to hold for 2-3 minutes in a water bath.
After the mixture is filtered, the mushrooms are used in food, and the oil is stored in the refrigerator. This remedy treats affected areas of the skin 3 times a day. The treatment period lasts 2-3 months.
This variety is grown at home, but it is a laborious process, which requires a cool room with high humidity. Compost from wheat or rye and horse manure is used as a substrate. For growing, you need to take the following:
- straw - 100 kg;
- urea - 2 kg;
- superphosphate - 2 kg;
- gypsum - 7 kg;
- chalk - 5 kg.
This is enough to prepare 300 kg of substrate. Straw is soaked in water for a day. Then they take out and lay in layers, alternating with manure (2-3 layers of both ingredients). Superphosphate is also interfered with in the substrate.
A handful of mycelium is laid to a depth of 5-7 cm. The holes should be staggered, the distance between them is 25 cm. They are sprinkled with a thin layer of substrate on top of about 5 cm. The first crop will appear in 4 months.
Royal champignons are a popular type of mushroom. They have a delicate taste and a pleasant smell. They are used for preservation, pickling and eaten raw. They are used in medicine, because they have a useful composition and help in the treatment of many diseases. Some are grown at home, but this is not an easy process.