Description of the mushroom Deer horns

Mushroom deer horns is distinguished by its unusual shape and color. It got its name because its shape resembles deer horns or sea corals.

Description of the mushroom Deer horns

Description of the appearance of the mushroom

Deer horns are an edible mushroom. Its aerial part has many branches and small spikes 10-20 mm long. The width of his body is 20-30 cm. There are thin, brittle ears. Of parasites, only the wireworm harms him.

The color of the fungus depends on the phase of its growth. Young deer horns have a light yellow color, with age it darkens and turns bright orange. He does not have the usual mushroom smell.

According to the description, it is a tree mushroom found on tree trunks and stumps. Among the many species, poisonous do not occur, but there is a division into conditionally inedible and edible. It is better to eat only young organisms, because older mushrooms have a bitter taste.

Reindeer horns are collected from August to October. They grow in small colonies, so they are easy to collect. Also, delicious first courses are obtained from this type of mushroom.

Mushroom species

Mushroom deer horns has several subspecies:

  1. Bunny horned. This is a white mushroom, which acquires a light pink tint with age. Its branches reach a height of 15-20 cm, and a diameter of 10-15 cm.
  2. Coral-shaped grapevine. His body has thick, thin white branches. The pulp is tender, but with age it becomes more rigid.
  3. Purple slingshot. This mushroom is small in size, its length is 10 cm, its diameter is 4-5 cm. There is no pronounced taste and smell.
  4. Golden yellow hornet. It has thick branches of light yellow color. Its collection begins in late August and early September.
  5. Comb horned. Height is 5 cm. Branches have comb, sharp tips.

Beneficial features

The composition contains amino acids (methionine and tryptophan), as well as lipids, phytoagglutinin and sterol. It is often used in Chinese medicine to treat gastrointestinal diseases and improve lung function.

It also has an antitumor effect and strengthens the immune system. Reindeer horns are used in cosmetology to slow down the aging process.

Contraindications

This mushroom has no contraindications, except for individual intolerance. You should be careful when collecting, because he has inedible doubles.

Before cooking, they should be thoroughly washed under running water. It is not worth collecting these mushrooms near highways and large industrial enterprises.

Application

The mushroom is used for medicinal purposes.

This species is often used in folk medicine. Medicines for joints and cleansing the body from helminths are prepared from it.

Also used in cooking. The horns are especially good for pickling and drying. They make delicious soups and mushroom caviar.

In cooking

Fresh deer horns are washed, cut into small pieces and boiled.

Also from this type are obtained delicious sauces and toppings for baking. The taste of ready-made deer horns is similar to seafood or boiled chicken. For mushroom salad take:

  • boiled mushrooms - 150 g;
  • carrots - 150 g;
  • small onion;
  • vinegar - 2 tbsp;
  • sunflower oil - 1 tbsp;
  • garlic - 2 cloves;
  • salt, pepper, herbs to taste.

Finely chopped mushrooms are combined with carrots and garlic. Then salt, add pepper and herbs, season with vegetable oil, let it brew for 30 minutes. At this time, onions are cut into rings, pickled and mixed with salad.

Pickled deer horns have a particularly delicate taste. To prepare them, you need to take: lemon juice, apple cider vinegar, black pepper and vegetable oil. By their appearance, pickled horns resemble corals.

First course recipe:

  • mushrooms - 400 g;
  • carrots - 150 g;
  • potatoes - 400 g;
  • cheese - 150 g;
  • butter - 50 g;
  • salt, pepper, herbs.

Boil the mushrooms for 30 minutes, cut into small pieces. Vegetables are also chopped and thrown into the pan.

To boiled vegetables add mushrooms, salt, pepper and herbs and leave over low heat for 15 minutes. Then add grated cheese and butter, if desired, add cream or sour cream sauce before use.

In medicine

Writing a prescription for a medicine with a mushroom to fight a stomach ulcer:

  • 150 g of fresh mushrooms are thoroughly washed, dried and placed in the refrigerator for 2 days;
  • cut into small pieces and pour 500 ml of alcohol or vodka;
  • leave to infuse in a dark place for 30 days, then filter and begin treatment.

With an ulcer, drink 1 tbsp. l medicines three times a day before meals. The treatment period lasts a month, then take a break of 14 days and repeat the course.

This medicine also helps with cancer of the throat, larynx, stomach and esophagus. In this case, take 1 tbsp. tinctures once a day. The treatment period lasts 2 months.

With inflammatory processes of the liver and pancreas, the same tincture is prepared on wine. 150 g of mushrooms are soaked in 1 liter of cahors. Insist in a warm place for a month and take 2 tbsp. once a day before meals. The course of treatment lasts 14 days.

Conclusion

Mushrooms deer horns are some of the most unusual in their form. They are valued for their exotic form and pleasant taste. Most often found on stumps and dry trees in coniferous forests.

It is often used in the preparation of various dishes. Also, this type of mushroom helps in the treatment of certain diseases. But you should be careful when collecting, they can be confused with false deer horns.

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