Description of lemon variety Lisbon
Many gardeners choose a lemon variety, focusing on resistance to heat, drought and frost. One of these varieties is Lisbon lemon.
Description of lemon variety Lisbon
Lemon Lisbon is a drought tolerant variety. He also calmly tolerates small frosts and cold spells. Lisbon has a high yield and transportability without loss of appearance. Harvested twice a year. The fruits grow inside the crown, weighing 130 - 160 gr. From one tree collect up to 140 pieces.
External tree description:
- Crohn's large, powerful, fast-growing;
- The branches are densely covered with thorns and foliage.
- The leaf is wide, has a sharp end and a strong citrus smell.
Lisbon blooms several times a year. The first time begins to bear fruit in 4 or 5 years. The flowers are white, located singly, small inflorescences.
Features of the fruit
- A variety with a pleasant taste.
- The pulp is dense with pronounced acidity and profuse juicing.
- The fruit has 10 lobules, they are separated by a thin chaff.
- There are no or few bones.
According to the description of the variety, the shape of the fruit is oval, bright yellow in color. The tip of the lemon has a sharp nipple that is pressed into the fetus. To the touch, the surface is oily and tuberous. The peel is not thick, easily separated from the pulp.
The Lisbon variety is grown in two ways: by cuttings or seeds. Seeds are lemon seeds. Cuttings suggest 100% transfer of the parent gene. It can be bought in the form of a seedling or torn from a mature and healthy tree. The fetus must be ripe, healthy and large.
A tree grown from seeds is more resistant to various diseases.
The soil should be rich in mineral and organic substances. Combined flower mix or country, the right fertilized soil is suitable. At the bottom of the pot lay drainage.
The cuttings are pre-treated with a growth stimulator. Planted in a prepared hole, drip and watered. Final rooting will occur 35-45 days after planting.
Seeds are planted in several pots, adhering to a distance between them of 3-5 cm. Most will not sprout. After the lemon sprouts no less than 10 cm in length, it is transplanted and the tree begins full growth.
Protect the plant from drafts
Pour lemon 2 p. in Week. Stagnation of water should be avoided, while the root system should be fully moistened.
According to the description, Lisbon is a photophilous tree. He needs direct sunlight, not less than 2-3 hours a day. The tree does not tolerate permutations and a change of place of residence, so it is worth considering the location of the pot for a long time from the beginning.
Lemon is afraid of drafts. The optimum temperature for growth is 19 - 28 C ͦ. At home and during the heating season, the tree needs additional spraying.
For active fruiting, the tree should be saturated with nitrogen. Also, the variety needs phosphorus, sulfur, magnesium, potassium and calcium.
Lisbon is fed with ready-made purchased mixtures or organic fertilizers. Most often, fresh manure is used; it releases a large amount of nitrogen.
Diseases and Pests
Lemon Lisbon, like other varieties, is affected by various diseases and pests in such cases:
- the tree has not grown stronger after a previous illness;
- lemon has poor care;
- the carrier of the disease were insects that came in contact with a diseased tree.
The virus can also infect a tree while airing a room.
It is necessary to remove all affected areas. Treat each slice with a solution of activated carbon.
For the treatment of diseases using the special drug Fitosporin. It is bred with water and sprayed according to the instructions. Spraying with 1% Bordeaux fluid is also effective.
|Type of pest||Fight with him|
|Whitefly||It is treated with insecticides.|
|Tips||The tree is treated with soapy water.|
|Citrus aphid||Spray with Actelik solution.|
|Mealybug||Constant inspection of the tree and removal of larvae.|
|Spider mite||Spray with Actelik solution.|
|Scaffold and false scaffold||Wash the tree with soap and water.|
Additionally, before treatment, the tree is washed under a cold shower.
The main prevention is proper care. Lemon must be properly watered, monitor the temperature and periodically fertilize the soil.
Frequent inspection of the tree will help identify the early stage of the disease and the mass spread of pests. Timely measures will save more than one crop.
Lisbon is a common variety. It is popular on an industrial scale and less commonly at home. Lemon is resistant to temperature changes, has a high yield. It is great for sale and storage.