Description of Kupava Pear
Pear Kupava is a high-quality variety characterized by resistance to diseases, temperature extremes and excellent yield. Minimal care is required.
Description of Kupava Pear
Kupava pear was bred in Russia in 1970. After 2 years, it was entered in the State Register of the country. It is grown in all regions of the country without the risk of losing crops.
According to the description, the Kupava pear variety tree is compact. Its height rarely exceeds 5 m. A dense crown of an oval shape. The branches are located at an acute angle with respect to the central stem. Thin shoots of brown color. The leaves are round in shape, smooth, with a middle plate. A variety of Kupava pear belongs to early cultures, it is self-fertile, therefore it is not necessary to plant pollinators next to it.
Description of the fetus
- the form is cylindrical, compact;
- weight about 100 g;
- length about 13 cm;
- the surface is covered with frequent small tubercles;
- a golden peel is covered with a wax coating;
- spots on the peel are often found;
- 20% of the fetal area is covered with a reddish blush.
Taste and use
Taste is at a high level. The taste is sweet, with a slight note of acid. The amount of sugar reaches 12%. The composition contains ascorbic acid in an amount of 10 mg per 100 g.
High commercial quality allows you to grow a crop for sale. The possibility of using compotes or preserves is noted. The variety is ideal for fresh consumption.
For planting in the spring, only high-quality soil is chosen.
- it should be loamy or chernozem;
- groundwater should not be located near the root system;
- a sufficient amount of sunlight should fall there.
The diameter of the pit for planting should be about 50 cm. The depth is at least 100 cm. To prepare the soil for planting, 10 liters of limestone solution (200 g per 10 liters of water) are poured into the hole. After this procedure, the seedling should not be planted for another 10-15 days. The soil obtained after digging the hole is mixed with 2 kg of humus and 2 kg of sand. The resulting mixture is covered with seedling roots, having previously distributed them over the entire area of the pit. After this, the soil is carefully packed and poured 10 liters of water. Culture is planted so that 1 square. m was not located more than 4 plants.
Harvest only with proper watering
Care for the Kupava pear variety consists in high-quality watering. It is carried out every 2 weeks. 10-20 liters of water are poured under each tree, depending on the climatic conditions of the region. 3-5 days after watering, the soil is weeded to a depth of 10 cm and all weeds that appear are removed.
The first feeding is carried out the next year after planting. It is better to spend it in early March. At this moment, 5 l of superphosphate solution (40 mg of the preparation per 10 l of water) is added under the bush. In June, the plant is watered with a solution of potassium nitrate (40 mg per 10 liters of water). For 1 square. m should be 20 liters. For those living in a cool region in the fall, it is important to mulch the soil (mix 2 kg of straw with 2 kg of humus). This will protect the roots from frost.
The plant is tied to a support. Garter is carried out as the bush develops. At the end of March, damaged branches are removed, and in the autumn it is important to thin out the crown in order to increase the yield for the next year.
Diseases and Pests
This species is resistant to scab and powdery mildew, but may undergo root rot and bacteriosis. It is impossible to fight root rot and bacteriosis, therefore it is better to follow the rules for care in order to avoid such situations: normalize watering, remove weeds, and thoroughly weed the topsoil.
A common pest is considered to be the moth. They fight it by spraying with copper sulfate (20 mg per 10 liters of water).
Pear Kupava is grown everywhere, it is considered one of the best varieties among pear crops. To get the expected yield, you need to properly plant a seedling and adhere to standard, simple rules of care.