Description of Krasul pear
Krasul pear - a hybrid that was bred at the base of the research institute in the city of Chelyabinsk. The authorship belongs to E. Falkenberg. The main purpose of the variety is to grow it in Siberia and the Urals.
Description of Krasul pear
Krasulia is a summer pear that fully ripens in early August. Such early maturity is associated with a short summer in the growing region and helps the tree give good harvests even in such conditions. The fruits are harvested when almost the entire surface is covered with a blush, and the main color becomes slightly golden.
A young tree bears fruit for the first time in the fourth or fifth year of life. Plants begin to bloom in mid-May. The hybrid is self-infertile, therefore it needs pollinators, the best of which are the Rainbow and Severyanka pears.
The fruits have an excellent taste, but are stored for a short time (10-15 days). They are used to prepare blanks for the winter, added to desserts, pastries, marmalade and stewed fruit, and also consumed raw.
A distinctive feature is the high winter hardiness of Krasuli, which has been increasing since the first fruiting. It is grown not only in summer cottages, but also in industrial enterprises, since the variety has high transportability.
Plants of medium size and dimensions up to 5 m high. The shape of the crown is spherical, sprawling, but quite compact. A distinctive feature of the hybrid are thorns on the branches.
The bark has a greenish tint, peeling, on young shoots - brown with villi. The leaves are bright green, small but thick. The shape is rounded and wide enough, slightly curved.
Flowering is plentiful and fragrant. Large-sized flowers are collected in inflorescences of 3-8 pieces.
The hybrid got its name precisely thanks to the beautiful fruits. Small pears: weight does not exceed 120 g, almost the same. They have a rounded, slightly flattened shape.
Fruits are rounded, weight does not exceed 120 g
The surface of the fruit is smooth and shiny, oily. At the maturity stage, it has a green color, which, as it ripens completely, changes to golden green with a purple-red blush. The subcutaneous points are clearly visible.
The pulp is very tasty, beige with a cream tint. It is loose and juicy and, at the same time, tender and oily. The aroma is not very pronounced.
The best time for planting is considered spring time. You should choose a well-heated by the sun, protected from drafts and strong winds area. The soil on it should be loose and highly fertile, and groundwater located below 2.5 m from the surface.
Landing pit prepared since the fall. The standard size is 70-80 cm in diameter and not less than 70 cm in depth. Before planting, it is worth checking the seedling well for any damage, as well as driving a peg at a distance of 30 cm from the center of the pit, which will be 50-60 cm above ground level.
A mixture of humus, topsoil, sand and fertilizers is poured into the landing pit so that a small mound is formed. A seedling is placed on it and covered with fertile soil.
It is important to ensure that the root neck remains above the surface, covered for several centimeters. The soil around the tree is well tamped, the trunk is tied to a peg. It is necessary to water the sapling: for this, a hole is made around it, into which about 3-4 liters of water are poured, after which the soil is mulched.
Care comes down to standard procedures.
A young plant must be watered regularly. Abundant watering is also necessary during the period from the beginning of flowering until the fruit fully ripens.
The rest of the time they can be slightly reduced. Depending on weather conditions and soil conditions, water from two to four times a month. Watering plants is necessary in the hole around the trunk, but not under the trunk itself.
The description of the variety suggests that the first top dressing should be done no earlier than in the second year of life. In the future, you can use both mineral fertilizers and organics. The last top dressing is used every three years. Every year, preferably in the spring, nitrogen-containing fertilizers are applied to the soil. In summer, potash and phosphorus are used.
The first pruning can be done immediately after planting. The first few years it is carried out in order to form a good crown, in the future - sanitary, and even later - anti-aging. After trimming, all areas are greased with garden var.
Leaving involves watering, fertilizing, pruning trees and loosening the soil
It is a necessary stage of care, as it allows air and water to penetrate well into the soil. You must also regularly remove weeds from the site. This will help protect the plant from many diseases and pests.
First of all, it consists in mulching the trunk circle to protect the tree from freezing. It is recommended to shelter young trees additionally every winter, adults - only if the winter is snowless and very cold.
Diseases and Pests
The description suggests that this variety is highly resistant to major diseases such as scab and bacterial burn, gall mite and bacterial cancer. But still there are diseases that can affect him.
- Powdery Mildew As a prophylaxis, plants are treated annually in spring with a solution of colloidal sulfur (2-3 times), in autumn with Bordeaux liquid. For the treatment using special chemicals.
- Fruit rot. For prevention, copper sulfate (in spring and after flowering) and urea solution (in autumn) are used.
Among pests, the most common are:
- a tinker
For prevention, trees are fumigated with tobacco smoke, treated with infusion of shag. Insecticides help fight pests.
The summer pear Krasulia needs regular comprehensive care, ensuring that you get an excellent return in the form of a plentiful harvest and fruits of excellent quality.