Description of grapes Etalon

Grapes Etalon bred for cultivation in cold regions. Two others were crossed to create this variety: Pretty Woman and Talisman

Description of grapes Etalon

Grade characteristics

Grape variety Standard ripe. Harvesting takes place 2 months after the start of ripening. It has high yields. More than 100 kg of fruits ripen on one vine.

Due to bisexual leaves, the plant may have poor pollination. For this reason, pollinators are planted nearby. According to the description, the Standard is resistant to low temperatures, can withstand up to - 25 °.

Bush description

Seedlings grow up to 3 meters in height and are distinguished by rapid rooting.

Fruit Description

The mass of one bunch reaches 1.5 -2 kg due to dense berries. The weight of one berry is 16 g. The color of the ripened fruit is purple with a reddish tint. The pulp is dense, juicy. Due to its high sugar content (about 21%), the variety is used for making wine. The taste of berries is rich, sweet with a sour finish.

Planting varieties

Reproduction occurs by cuttings. Planting a plant is better in the fall. It was at this time that the easiest way to choose a quality planting material. If you are afraid that seedlings will die from frost, transfer the selection of shoots to spring.

Landing

Choose a well-lit, draft-free place. Dig a hole more than 75 cm deep and put fertilizer on the bottom of the hole. It is better if it is compost or humus. On top we lay some more earth and a plaque.

The addition of nitrogen fertilizers is beneficial for leaves and shoots, as well as increase growth activity. Phosphorus promotes the ripening of large and juicy berries, and also prepares the plant well for winter.

Before planting the process, place it for 24 hours in water. To speed up root formation, add stimulants (one of the common ones is root).

Then place the grapes in a recess so that the neck at the root remains above the fossa. Fill with soil. Gardeners recommend tying up the plant immediately after planting. The support helps the grapes to stretch up faster. After planting, water and mulch the earth around.

Care

Good care will increase crop yields.

Proper care ensures active growth and good crop yields. Care should begin from the moment of planting the cuttings and throughout life.

Loosening

In the first year after planting, the earth around the bush needs to be loosened. This procedure provides oxygen to the roots of the plant and gives access to other beneficial microorganisms, which contributes to the development of roots.

Watering

Do not save water. Grapes require careful watering, especially before the first flowering. The norm of water for one bush is 7-9l.

Shaping and trimming

Formation is carried out systematically. This affects the growth of the plant and allows you to enlarge the berries. Proper pruning and regular care make it possible to get excellent results every season. Trim the bush, depending on its size. If it is tall, then the eyes of the seedlings are trimmed after 7 eyes. If the plant is medium-sized, then after 5.

Tie the plant in the spring, before the young foliage and new shoots are formed. If you do this later, then the probability of damage to the plant is high, and this will adversely affect the crop.

Mulching and fertilizer

Use wood shavings and moss. All ingredients are placed around the bush with a layer of 3 cm. Top dressing is performed 3-4 times per season, if the plant bears fruit. Young bushes are fed up to 6 times. To do this, use compost, fertilizers with a high content of potassium and phosphate.

Shelter

Grape variety Etalon has high resistance to frost, but for the winter, bushes should be covered. To do this, use a special tub or a dense plastic film wrapped in several layers.

Grape storage

Grape varieties Etalon perfectly tolerates transportation, the appearance does not deteriorate for a long time. Dense pulp does not allow berries to crack. And clusters that do not have damage do not attract the attention of bees, so they last longer on the bush.

Bunches are removed from the bush using a special secateurs. Then the berries are moved and the damaged ones are eliminated. This action is necessary, since damaged fruits contribute to the active decay of intact berries.

Grapes are harvested in dry, calm weather. Bunches are placed in wooden crates, which are stored in a dark, cool room.

Disease

Hybrids are rarely susceptible to fungal diseases, but for prevention, bushes are treated with fungicides. Fungicides that can be used for all types of diseases:

  • anthracop;
  • Bordeaux mixture;
  • retomil;
  • cuproscate;
  • thanos;
  • chorus.

Conclusion

The standard is a high-yielding grape, which is famous for the size and density of berries. A lot of effort is put into cultivation.

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