Description of Govorushka mushroom
Govorushka mushroom has a large number of varieties. Among them there are both edible mushrooms with a pleasant taste, and dangerous poisonous representatives that can cause severe poisoning.
Description of Govorushka mushroom
The meadow talker has a small hat, which only in rare cases is of medium size, its diameter is from 3 to 6 cm, and 10-15 in some species. All young mushrooms have a hemispherical shape of the upper part, which levels out over time and becomes depressed, funnel. Color varies from grayish to taupe, pinkish, brown and buffy.
In the center is a circle of a darker color than the rest of the hat. Plates located close to each other are initially white in color, but as the fungus ages, they become yellow. According to the description, the shape of the leg depends on the species, its height reaches 8 cm in height, and the diameter is from 0.5 to 3 cm. The white dense pulp becomes yellowish over time and acquires a loose structure. Gimenofor white or cream color. These are autumn mushrooms, the peak of fruiting of which occurs in August-September, but some species grow in cold weather, for example, a winter variety.
The talker has a small hat, its diameter is from 3 to 6 cm
These mushrooms totals more than 250 species, only 70 of them are studied in our country.
The clawfish is an edible mushroom and is characterized by low palatability. The diameter of the hat is 4-8 cm, at the beginning of growth its shape is convex, and then it becomes prostrate, sometimes forming a funnel. Color varies from grayish to brown. The edges of the cap are always much lighter than the main part. The pulp is friable, watery after rains, has a pronounced sweet smell.
White plates become creamy as they grow, are densely located on the leg. The hymenophore is white. The foot reaches 3-9 cm in height, looks like a mace with a wide base. Coloring is both light gray and dark. The entire surface of the leg is smooth. The diameter of the thinnest spot does not exceed 0.5 cm. The pulp of the leg is also loose and fibrous. The claw-footed talker forms clusters.
The funnel-shaped talker is also called fragrant or odorous talker. The hat reaches 8 cm in diameter, its edges are tucked inward and after a while take on a goblet shape. The color is gray-yellow, brown or fawn. The pulp is not thick, white, dry and has a characteristic odor. The plates on the stem of the fungus are often located, have a white color. The length of the leg reaches 3-7 cm, and in diameter grows to 1 cm, the base is thickened, it itself has a fibrous structure, its color is similar to a hat, or slightly lighter than the last. The lower part is covered with a small fluff.
Govorushka mushroom has more than 250 species
The funnel talker prefers to grow in groups, the favorite habitat is leafy litter, it is also often found near roads.
This species is edible, belongs to the 4th category and requires preliminary boiling. Only young funnel-shaped govorushki eat food, but even they do not differ in good taste.
Fruiting begins in July and lasts until the end of September, funnel fungi live in deciduous forests. During this period, the purple row is growing nearby.
The giant talker is a conditionally edible agaric. His hat reaches 10 to 30 cm in diameter, has a slightly pronounced funnel shape and wavy edges. Under the whitish or cream hat are descending plates that are tightly located to each other. As they approach the foot, they become darker. The pulp is quite tight, does not have a pronounced taste and gives a powdery smell. The leg of the giant govorushki is smooth, reaches 4-7 cm in diameter, has a cylindrical shape, slightly tapering to the base. Its color matches the color of the hat.
The giant talker mushroom bears fruit from August to October, but if the weather is sunny, then it is harvested in November. They can be found in clearings in coniferous and mixed forests. Before eating, you must definitely treat them thermally.
The talker is bent, or the redhead talker, Crimean - this is another representative of this family. It belongs to the 4th category and is conditionally edible; prior to consumption, preliminary heat treatment is necessary. The water in which the mushroom was boiled is drained, it is not suitable for further use and, moreover, is not suitable as the basis for mushroom broth. The hat of this species reaches 20 cm in diameter, it itself is smooth, with a tubercle in the center. In young representatives, it is convex, and acquires a funnel shape as it grows. Her color ranges from ginger to dull beige. The flesh of the cap is dense, white in color, tastes good and has a persistent aroma. The plates are of a similar white color, thin; in old mushrooms they can acquire a cream shade.
The leg is cylindrical in shape, its height is up to 15 cm, its diameter is up to 2-3 cm. In young mushrooms, it is light yellow, but over time its color becomes the same as that of a hat. The pulp of a bent talk is dense, unlike a hat, it has a sharp taste and smell. The hymenophore is white. Red talkers prefer to grow in groups, which allows you to quickly fill them with a basket. The picking season for these mushrooms is in early July and lasts until the end of October.
Govorushka orange refers to conditionally edible mushrooms. Has a hat up to 5 cm in diameter, which is characterized by curved inward edges, an outstretched shape, which becomes funnel over time. When pressed, the plates turn brown when pressed. This mushroom is also called false chanterelle, because outwardly, he really looks like a fox. It is distinguished by a brighter orange color and dense pulp.
Pale colored mushroom
Mushroom pickers also call it lightly colored. The description indicates that the govorushka is pale-colored - an inedible mushroom of the Ryadovkov family. It has a small hat up to 5 cm in diameter with a pronounced dark center. In young mushrooms, the edges are bent and eventually become serrated, while the hat itself initially has a convex shape, which becomes funnel-shaped with age. The color of the fungus changes depending on the weather, in dry time it is grayish, and during rains it is grayish-ash with brown hues. The length of the leg is 3-6 cm, the diameter is not more than 1 cm. Its base is dark, it itself is covered with white powder, has a club shape, which is replaced by a cylindrical one. The pulp does not have a pronounced smell and taste.
The talker is pale-colored - an inedible mushroom of the family Ordinary
Whitish talker or whitewashed talker refers to inedible representatives, it is more dangerous than fly agaric. It contains a large percentage of muscarine. Outwardly, it looks like mushrooms, so mushroom pickers should be especially careful. The use of this fungus as food causes severe poisoning, low blood pressure, respiratory failure, vomiting, diarrhea, and a slowdown in heart rate. In most cases, a fatal outcome can be avoided, but the consequences are difficult to eliminate. The hat reaches 2-6 cm in diameter, in young representatives it is convex in shape with bent edges, as it grows, it becomes outstretched, and the edges become wavy.
The hat has a white color, in rare cases, grayish. A slight coating of dull color is noticeable. The pulp is not fleshy, with many fibers, a powdery smell and a mild taste. The leg grows up to 4 cm in height and up to 0.6 cm in diameter, has a cylindrical shape with a characteristic narrowing at the base. There are white or gray shades, like a hat. Brown spots are visible on its surface. The hymenophore is also white. Grows in large groups. It bears fruit from the middle of summer until the end of autumn.
The reddish or red-legged talker is a poisonous variety of whitish, differs from it by a short leg and a pinkish skin color. The rest of the description is identical. Although they were previously distinguished and considered different species, scientists have come to the conclusion that this is one polymorphic species, because they have a similar molecular genetic structure. A reddish govorushka grows in deciduous forests.
The leaf-loving talker, like the luminous one, is a poisonous mushroom. She is also called the Waxed Talker. The hat grows up to 10 cm in diameter, has a convex shape with outstretched wavy edges. Leg up to 3 cm in height and up to 1.5 cm in diameter, cylindrical in shape, with a slightly thickened base. A wavy govorushka looks like a hangman, which is edible. Many inexperienced mushroom pickers often confuse them, which leads to severe poisoning.
Inverted talker is an inedible species. The hat grows up to 8 cm in the form of a deep funnel, a reddish hue prevails. The leg is small (up to 6 cm in height) and up to 1 cm in diameter. The mushroom has a pleasant taste and aroma. Representative pulp is dense.
Govorushki mushrooms have a lot of useful properties. They are low-calorie, it is important for those who follow the diet and want to keep their weight normal. They have a lot of fiber, minerals, macro- and microelements.
Eating them helps to improve digestion, strengthen immunity. They prevent the formation of inflammatory processes, are a natural antibiotic. The systematic addition of them to food helps to improve memory, increase concentration.
Edible species do not cause harm, but have a number of contraindications, in the presence of which it is not worth eating them. These include:
- lactation period;
- the presence of diarrhea;
- irritable bowel syndrome;
- violation of digestion and acidity of the stomach.
Govorushki mushrooms should not be given to children at an early age, because the active ingredients in the composition can cause nausea and vomiting.
Edible species have some contraindications
The presence of a huge number of diverse representatives of this species led to their widespread use in the economy and medicine.
Govorushki mushrooms have a special taste, and their smell gives off fruity notes, but at the same time they are very popular. Young mushrooms are used for cooking, as in old age they lose their taste. Only hats are taken, knives are not used at all. This mushroom is suitable for all types of homemade dishes and preparations. They perfectly complement soups and are often taken as the basis for sauces. The main thing to remember is that representatives of this species are conditionally edible mushrooms and they need preliminary heat treatment before further use. Mushrooms have a fibrous structure and when boiling lose almost half their weight, this should be considered when cooking.
In official medicine, this type is not used, because its representatives are not fully understood, but traditional healers have long noticed the useful properties of this fungus and began to use it for their own purposes. Govorushki mushrooms are used to make various decoctions and ointments that help disinfect wounds. Extracts from them are drunk with urolithiasis and pneumonia.
A huge number of species of mushrooms of talkers includes both delicious edible species and representatives that are more dangerous than red grebe. The main thing is to always be careful when harvesting and carry out preliminary heat treatment before eating mushrooms.