Description of the goats of the Anglo-Nubian breed
Anglo-Nubian goats have an unusual appearance and excellent meat and dairy characteristics. This breed of goats was bred relatively recently, and was introduced into the territory of the CIS countries in the 1990s-2000s.
Because of their pedigree data, these goats are now actively bred on livestock farms and in private farms. Farmers respect this breed for their rich milk and high levels of productivity.
Purebred Anglo-Nubian goats are quite expensive. Their price ranges from 100 to 200 thousand rubles. for one head. For this reason, they are rarely used as beef cattle, kept only for milk.
The Anglo-Nubian goat is easy to recognize among others. It is characteristic of her:
- the body is long and powerful;
- legs are thin, incommensurable with the body;
- the neck is very elongated;
- the ears are wide and long, hanging slightly below the chin, are the hallmark of the breed;
- the coat is short, stiff and smooth;
- there are no brushes on the face;
- the nose has a hump - a Roman profile;
- eyes almond-shaped, expressive, mobile;
- the udder is large, rounded, tight to the hips;
- Nipples are elongated.
Despite the fact that the animal is quite strong and large, it has an extraordinary grace. An adult female weighs about 65-70 kg with a height of 70-75 cm at the withers. Goats are much more massive and can reach 80-90 kg with a height of at least 85 cm at the withers. The record weight of the goat of this breed reaches 125 kg. The Anglo-Nubian goat breed has firmly taken its place on the podium of the most popular types of livestock.
The color of animals may vary. There are individuals of such colors:
- white and brown.
Females are mostly hornless due to the presence of a dominant gene. Males are owners of magnificent horns.
The character of goats is calm and affectionate, but sometimes noisy and aggressive individuals are found. This behavior is often associated with breeders' mistakes regarding small cattle. Animals kept in poor conditions often show aggression towards humans and their relatives, and this does not depend on their origin.
Anglo-Nubian goats and their characteristics indicate that these animals are excellent dairy producers. The milk of Anglo-Nubian goats is very appreciated due to its high fat content. The fat content ranges from 5 to 9%, a record for small cattle.
Milk with such fat content is used for the production of goat cheeses and cottage cheese. The yield of the finished product is much higher than when using milk of other breeds. This is due to the increased content of proteins in it.
Goat milk is close in composition to breast milk. They feed their children if the mother for some reason is missing her own.
An unpleasant feature of goat milk is its specific smell. It arises due to poor animal welfare conditions or uncleanliness of the milkmaid. In order for milk to have a normal color and smell, it is necessary:
- wash hands and udders before milking;
- milk milk in clean dishes;
- promptly clean the livestock;
- Do not feed goats bitter herbs.
Also, the presence of extraneous taste may indicate mastitis or damage to the udder alveoli. Milk may run rancid if the female was not started on time before delivery (did not stop lactation).
A distinctive feature of Anglo-Nubian goats is that the quality of milk is little dependent on their living conditions.
Animals are not picky about food or keeping conditions. Their milk has no extraneous taste. Cheese with a creamy finish is made from it, due to the high fat content of milk.
Goats who gave birth for the first time give about 3 liters of milk per day, if the female is properly milked, and her diet has enough protein, fat and carbohydrates. Female productivity can be significantly reduced due to malnutrition and lack of nutrients. After each subsequent birth, the milk yield increases and ultimately can reach 6.5 -7 liters. These are very good results for small cattle.
Lactation lasts for 300 days. The maximum productivity of the animal is achieved in the first 3-4 months after birth and then gradually decreases. By the start-up period, milk yield may decrease by more than 2 times.
The content of Anglo-Nubian goats
Animals are unpretentious to the conditions of detention. Anglo-Nubian goats and their characteristics indicate that animals can safely tolerate temperature differences within reasonable limits. The first bred individuals of this breed reacted poorly to increased air humidity, but as soon as the Swiss goats were included in the selection, this deficiency was eradicated.
The first Anglo-Nubian goats brought to Russia did not tolerate winter temperature drops, but after a few generations the animals acclimatized and adapted to severe frosts.
Goats during the mating season do not emit a specific smell, which can affect the taste of milk in females, which means that animals of both sexes can be kept in the same room. But goats do not tolerate neighborhood with other farm animals. This can cause stress and, as a result, decrease milk yield.
In the goat’s stall there should be floorings elevated above the floor, where the pets could rest. Anglo-Nubian goats are very fond of hills and climb them with pleasure. This means that goats should not be grazed near cars or other things that animals can damage with hooves.
Anglo-Nubian goats diet
Goats of this breed are not particularly picky about food. In the summer, they are content with wild herbs and green mass of plants growing in grazing places. With a sufficient amount of juicy food in the goats menu, their milk yield is significantly increased.
During lactation, it is recommended to feed the goat after grazing.
For this, animals are given 1-2 kg of wheat or oats in the evening. The grain is given in crushed form, so that it is easier to digest and more quickly absorbed by the animal. Bran is also steamed with a decoction of herbs that improve lactation: dill, fennel, flax seeds. If there are problems with goat’s scuffling, it is recommended to feed it with soybean and sunflower meal.
In winter, goats are fed with hay and straw. The latter is eaten less readily. Hay must be harvested in the summer at the rate of 5-6 kg per individual herd. The lack of succulent feed during this period is made up for by vegetables and fruits. During the autumn leaf fall, you can also collect fallen foliage, which is sure to appeal to pets.
Many breeders feed their goats with willow branches harvested in the summer and tied in brooms. Dry nettle is an excellent source of vitamins for adult goats and young animals.
Deficiencies of Anglo-Nubian Goats
Like any breeding product, the Anglo-Nubian goat breed has its advantages and disadvantages. The minuses of the breed include such factors:
- Intolerance of close proximity to other animals. This applies even to goats of a different breed. Because of this, the Anglo-Nubians are hard to keep on livestock farms.
- The motley color of goats attracts a large number of blood-sucking insects. Frequent bites worry the animal, which may result in a decrease in milk yield.
- Individuals who have recently arrived from abroad can hardly tolerate temperature changes. They need to create greenhouse conditions. After several generations, animals acclimatize.
Intolerance to low temperatures can be attributed not only to the minuses. In regions with very hot and dry summers, goats feel great, unlike other breeds.
How not to make a mistake with the choice
If the breeder decided to replenish his farm with goats of the Anglo-Nubian breed, he needs to know how not to make a mistake when buying an animal. Sometimes unscrupulous sellers can give out one kind of goat after another.
The price of Anglo-Nubian goats is quite high, which means you can easily stumble on a "fake". To avoid this, it is worth buying young animals only from trusted breeders or at agricultural exhibitions.
The Anglo-Nubian goat breed is an excellent producer of meat and dairy products. Most breeders use it to produce high-quality milk, but in the USA it is grown as a meat breed. The meat of the Anglo-Nubians is tender and juicy, does not have a specific smell, which makes this product in demand among consumers.