Description of the fungus ordinary liverwort

The liverwort ordinary got its name for its similarity to the liver of an animal. It has streaks and juice of red color. It occurs on old oaks, fresh stumps, loves chestnuts. It grows separately from the second half of July, until frost frosts. It prefers a warm climate, although it is found in the northern latitudes.

Description of the fungus ordinary liverwort

Mushroom Characterization

Other names of the variety are mother-in-law's tongue, hepatic tinder, ordinary liverwort. It belongs to the group of tinder fungi, the Fastilnov family. The fruiting bodies are annuals.

Hat:

  • scapular or lingual, elongated;
  • reddish brown;
  • single or fused (2-3 pcs.);
  • below is not a lamellar, but a tubular porous layer, first yellowish, then brown-red.

Leg:

  • short
  • more often lateral;
  • thick;
  • one color with a hat;
  • fibrous at the base.

The ordinary liverwort belongs to the group of tinder fungi, the Fastilnov family.

The cloth:

  • thick;
  • radially fibrous;
  • elastic;
  • pink tint;
  • juicy
  • fleshy;
  • with red veins (marble on a cut).

Gimenofor:

  • yellow or beige;
  • with small tubes;
  • turns red from touch.

The fruiting body may also be sedentary. The sizes are large. According to the description, the length is 30-40 cm, the thickness is 6 cm, the weight is up to 15 kg. At the initial stage of growth, it has an incomprehensible form (in the form of swelling of the resin), which over time becomes more expressive. Spores 4.5 × 5 μm, almost rounded. The taste is delicate, the smell is weak, fruity.

Beneficial features

Liver fungus contains a large amount of vitamin C. 100 g daily rate of ascorbic acid. The composition also includes:

  • carbohydrates;
  • proteins;
  • minerals;
  • vitamins D, PP;
  • phosphorus;
  • water.

Contraindications

Hepatic mushroom contains chitin. For this reason, the Liverwort is not recommended for children under 7 years. It is forbidden to eat pregnant and lactating.

Contraindications include gout and diseases of the stomach, intestines, kidneys and liver.

Liver fungus contains a large amount of vitamin C

Application

Edible young specimens belong to 4 categories. Use until the flesh is numb.

In medicine

Mother-in-law's tongue is used in fungotherapy - it has a beneficial effect in oncological diseases. But there is no scientific confirmation of this.

Due to the polysaccharide content called lanophil, the liver activates the release of enzymes. They contribute to the normalization of metabolism.

In cooking

Hepatic mushroom is used only fresh. Fruit bodies contain a lot of acid, with which they are protected from tannins in the tree. To remove it, it is necessary to soak in salted water. The liquid is periodically drained and a new one is poured. After that, they clean off the mucus and remove the hard fibers from the leg.

Liver fungus is fried in a pan or on a grill, after boiling for 15-20 minutes. Add to different salads seasoned with olive oil. Cutlets are also prepared from the Tinder of the liver: the boiled fruit bodies are grinded, flour and egg are added, spices and fried.

The mushroom is used in cooking and medicine.

Cultivation methods

Liver mushroom mycelium is sold on oak sticks, which, after purchase, are embedded in a deck or in a stump. To do this, drill holes in them. If the bar is too long, the rest is cut off and inserted into another recess. Mushroom sticks are also introduced into holes of natural origin. The wood used for infection is sawn or living.

Dry material before introducing sticks should be moistened:

  • lumps - soak for 2-3 days in water;
  • stumps - poured 3-5 times a day for a week.

Oak whetstone is also kept in water for 1.5-2 hours.

The deck should be in a shaded and humid place. Also suitable for growing a basement, cellar, garage, barn. Fruiting begins at a temperature of at least 8 ° C in 3-7 months (sometimes up to a year). The later the liverwort appears, the longer the mycelium will bear fruit. For the winter they leave it on the street or bring it into the room. With one stick get up to 1 kg of the crop.

Conclusion

Hepatic mushroom is a rare variety. It is a parasite that destroys wood, causing brown core rot.

No similar species can be found in the forest. Thanks to the color of Mother-in-law, the tongue cannot be confused with other mushrooms. With proper preparation, you will enjoy a good taste.

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