Description of the fungus cobweb
One of the most common types of fungi in the temperate zone is the cobweb fungus. It belongs to the conditionally edible class. It is dangerous because there are toxic species.
Description of the fungus cobweb
The name Mushroom got because of a white skirt, which falls like a spider web on a leg. The popular name “Bolotnik” does not reflect the species range, although sometimes it is a swamp fruit. It grows in all types of forests on various soils. This is an autumn variety, the peak of growth falls at the end of August and beginning of September.
Types of Spiderwebs are similar to each other:
- Cylindrical leg with extension downwards.
- The remains of the bedspread on the stalk.
- A hat with plates, often conical or flat.
- The pulp is dense, with a smell.
In the Spider Web species differ in the color of the legs and hats, the smell of flesh. Among them there are edible and poisonous fruits.
The class includes about 25 varieties. They differ in taste and degree of safety for humans. Some are listed in the Red Book.
The class is Edible Web (Bbw). She lives in coniferous plantings. The hat is white-gray, watery. The pulp is dense, has a mild mushroom smell. The plates are frequent, grow to the head. Edible cobwebs - a type of fungus often found in temperate regions.
A watery-blue subspecies is rarely found in Russia.
- The hat is colored uniformly in gray-blue color, diameter up to 10 cm.
- The smell is unpleasant, musty.
- The taste is fresh.
- On the leg there is no thickening in the form of a tuber.
It grows under deciduous trees, often under beech and oak. Growth is more often group or colonial. Also, in adults, there are no remains of the bedspread.
To edible and triumphal subspecies. But because of the reduced taste, it should be attributed to the conditionally edible class.
The difference between this class and edible is that conditionally edible require pre-treatment. They can not be eaten raw, do not recommend eating fried without prior soaking.
Triumphal web (or yellow) has the following characteristics:
- The hat reaches 7-12 cm in diameter, brownish in the center, and orange-yellow along the edges. The shape is flat or pillow-like. Usually the surface is sticky.
- The pulp has a pleasant smell.
- In young mushrooms, the web completely covers the plates. With age, the plates darken to a brownish color.
- The diameter of the legs is 1 centimeter. Large fruits have a foot up to 3 cm in diameter. Height is up to 15 cm.
This subspecies lives in deciduous forests. Find it under birches, oaks. Often accompanied by bruises.
The cobweb mucosa should not be confused with the mucous subspecies. The main difference from other subspecies is the presence of mucus on the hat. It is thick and sometimes even hangs from the rough edges of the hat. The individuals grow large - up to 12 cm in diameter, the corresponding leg - up to 20 cm in length.
Edible subspecies must be soaked before processing
The flesh of the subspecies is odorless and tasteless. Color varies from white to cream. The mushroom is found in coniferous and mixed forests.
It looks like a spider web mucous. The subspecies forms mycosis with pine plantations. It also has a smaller size of fruiting bodies. The hat is also covered with mucus. At the edges it is thinner than in the center. Color is from orange to dark brown. The pulp is white, loose.
The cobweb is excellent - a little studied subspecies. The diameter of the cap is up to 20 cm. Its feature is the appearance of the cap and legs. In adults, the hat looks like a bell, saturated brown or brown. The leg is long, clearly expanding downward from the cylinder into the cone.
The surface of the fruiting body is soft and velvety. In adult mushrooms, it becomes wrinkled. A thin violet-gray strip is retained around the edges of the hat. The pulp is white or mixed with blue. She has a pleasant smell and taste. Fruits subspecies in large groups, often with birch or beech. Prefers deciduous forests.
Cobweb bracelet (red) is characterized by a red or reddish-brown color of the hat. There is no mucus on it. The pulp has a characteristic musty smell. Prefers moist and mossy places. They are found in mycosis with pine or birch. The cobweb is determined using bright “bracelets” on the leg and on the scales on the hat.
The crimson cobweb was named because of the particularity of the pulp. At the cut, it acquires a purple color, but in a solid state it is bluish or gray. The surface of the cap is sticky. The characteristics of young and adult individuals are significantly different:
- In adults, the hat is flat, slightly concave around the edges. The records are frequent, with a purple tint. The diameter of the hat is up to 15 cm. The leg is long, with a tuber at the very bottom. The color of the legs is purple, and the hats are olive, brown or brownish with impurities.
- Young individuals have a spherical hat, which almost grows together with the leg. The leg itself is barrel-shaped.
The blue-legged web is different from its counterparts with a whitish leg with a bluish or pinkish tint. The hat is light brown in color, prefers deciduous forests. The musty smell is mild.
Variable spiderwebs got the name due to a change in color during growth. In adults and ripened individuals, the colors of the legs and hats are different. The more common name is colorful mushroom. Usually the fruits are small, with an elongated leg.
The hat is brown or golden on the edge down. The plates are light purple. On the leg there is a brownish-red strip. In old mushrooms, the plates turn pale and turn brown. The leg is usually white or cream in color. Fruits subspecies mainly in the south and east in deciduous plants.
Poisonous Cobweb Mushroom is as common as edible. It is because of the abundance of dangerous doubles that the species does not attract even a knowledgeable mushroom picker.
Inedible cobweb - bluish-belted. It is dangerous in that it looks practically no different from an edible fruit. Hat with a tuber, gray shade with brown. Its lower concave edge is with a purple or blue stripe. The pulp is odorless and tasteless. It also forms mycosis with conifers.
An ordinary cobweb with a brown or golden hat. It has a conical shape, the edge is uneven, mucous. The plates may be jagged. Common gossamer often with spiral-shaped bands on the leg, which distinguish a poisonous fruit from an edible one.
The cobweb is the most beautiful deadly poisonous, it has a uniform brownish or reddish-orange color. The legs are long, and the caps are conical with uneven torn edges. In the center of the cap there is a protruding tubercle. A beautiful cobweb grows in groups.
Cobweb (or goat, smelly), bright blue or gray, sometimes blue. The peculiarity of the fetus is the chemical smell of acetone or the "goat" smell. Hat and leg are the same color. The smell only intensifies during heat treatment. Cobweb cobweb grows in the same coniferous and mossy forests.
The lazy spiderweb has a characteristic color of the hat - reddish with raspberry interspersed. Grows in groups in mycosis with birch and pine. Often the hat and leg are curved, twisted or broken, with cracks. It is bumps and color that distinguish lazy subspecies from edible mushrooms.
Some types of cobwebs are deadly.
The cobweb is brilliant with a bright yellow or ocher color. It looks like a large subspecies of the mushroom. The color of the pulp on the cut is lemon, does not darken. The plates in adults are greenish. The hat is covered with mucus. The toxin in the pulp acts slowly, so poisoning is not immediately noticeable.
Mountain cobweb (plush, orange-red) - a rare subspecies:
- Outwardly, it looks like a beautiful one, but it deceives with a pleasant smell of radish and good taste.
- The danger of the subspecies is poisoning after 3 days.
- It has a uniform, even color of orange or light brown. The surface is soft and velvet.
Defining an inedible species is not easy, so do not risk taking a pleasantly-smelling fruit.
The scaly cobweb looks like an edible species. It is distinguished by a brown-brown color and dark-brown flakes on the hat. In the center is a dark spot. The leg also has dark brown scales, often at the bottom. The smell is faint but pleasant.
Also considered inedible:
- chestnut (saffron) subspecies;
- soiling mushroom;
- most elegant;
- most special.
Inedible subspecies destroy the kidneys, cause intoxication of the body.
They are exhausted by standard indicators for mushrooms. This is the presence in the fruits of protein, vitamins and trace elements. Vitamins A and B are contained in them more than in fruits and vegetables.
Even edible fruits are contraindicated:
- Pregnant, elderly and children under 7-8 years old.
- People with a weak stomach, intestines.
- People with individual intolerance.
You can’t eat edible fruits collected in the city and nearby busy roads, factories, the private sector.
Edible mushrooms Cobwebs are considered a delicacy, they have a great nutty flavor. The fat woman is tasty fried or stewed with sour cream or cream. Broths from BBW are used for broth. Edible fruits are also pickled and dried, but because of this you can lose most of the taste.
Excellent spiderwebs are dried or pickled due to the fact that the conditionally edible fruits are soaked for a long time and boiled .. Young individuals are suitable for pickling and pickling. The brilliant crimson of the crimson subspecies disappears upon drying.
Used to obtain probiotics and squeeze valuable trace elements. In industry, dyes are extracted from colored fruits. Use in home medicine can not be.
The muzzle is grown on the site or in closed mycelium. It’s better to choose an edible BBW. On an industrial scale, the species is not grown. It is possible to remove unwanted toxic subspecies through digging and chemical tillage.
Cobweb is a mushroom with many subspecies. Most of them are conditionally edible. Poison cobwebs contain slow poison. Signs of poisoning appear only after 3-14 days, which makes the treatment ineffective. A properly prepared bogbill has a pleasant nutty taste, and conditionally edible subspecies are suitable for salting.