Description of False Waves
Crabs of mushrooms are popular among mushroom pickers as one of the best for pickling and pickling. They belong to the Mlechnik family, during a break they secrete a juice of burning and bitter taste. There are several species of edible threes. However, there is also a false fungus mushroom, which can not be eaten.
Description of False Waves
Description and types
Volnushka is a representative of the second of 4 categories of edible mushrooms. There are 2 types of them, which are considered the most popular and have good taste:
- Pink or lupus. It is larger in comparison with other mushrooms of the species. Has a hat that reaches 15 cm in diameter, a nice pinkish color, a pattern in the form of rings. In young mushrooms, the shape is slightly convex; as it grows, it becomes funnel-shaped, with curved edges having a small margin. The pulp is white and dense, during long-term transportation it practically does not break. The leg is also pink, hollow inside.
- White, or white. A little less pink. The hat reaches 10 cm in diameter, white with a funnel in the center, also has an edge. The leg is the same color, the young mushroom is dense, then it becomes hollow inside.
White and pink waves are found where there are many birches, forming mycorrhiza with the roots of these trees. They love lighted places, so they are often found at the edge of the forest, in small clearings.
These mushrooms prefer warm, wet weather. A feature of growth is the group growth, forming a circle, the so-called "witch rings". They are explained by the circular placement of the mycelium underground.
Yellow swamp and gray waves are preferred by wetter, swampy places.
Harvest season depends on weather conditions. Early heat and high humidity contribute to their collection since June. Typically, the mass collection period is from August to October.
Inexperienced mushroom pickers in appearance confuse a pink throat with a camelina. But the habitat of the latter is coniferous forest, if damaged, it secrete red-orange juice, its hat is smooth, with no signs of hairiness.
Some types are unsuitable for consumption.
Venomous counterparts are absent in trevushki, but distinguish between conditionally edible false trevushki and inedible. Conditionally edible include:
- Yellow wave or wave waver. This mushroom is a yellow mushroom of the same genus. The color of the hats and legs is yellowish. It has a larger size compared to the described species. There are specimens up to 25 cm in diameter.
- Swamp thunder, or milky faded. She has a small hat, slightly depressed, grayish-lilac in color, with a smooth and sticky skin. The pulp is thin and brittle. Juice released during damage becomes greenish over time.
- Gray, or gray lactarius (popularly - serushka). The hat is light gray, and sometimes gray-purple in color with circles of a darker shade towards the center, thin, with a smooth surface. Leg slightly lighter, dense and long, with grooves along the entire length.
The use of these mushrooms is allowed only in a salty form and subject to lengthy pre-treatment.
Mushrooms from the Mlecnik species — sticky and prickly — are classified as inedible false waves. A sticky hat has a grayish-green hat, darkening towards the center, interspersed with dark spots, as well as a lighter sticky leg. The pulp is white, tasting burning and bitter, with a faint smell. Juice released during the break is thick and sticky, with time acquires a green-olive hue.
The color of the prickly lactarius is from pink to burgundy brown, with small red scales. The pulp is dull, light in color, the smell is practically absent, the taste is extremely pungent. During the break, thick milky juice is released, which slowly changes color from white to dark green.
Differences between a real mushroom and a false one
Differences of edible real waves from inedible false ones:
- mandatory presence of the edge along the edge of the mushroom;
- pronounced pink hats with rings on the surface;
- curved edge shape;
- white color of the juice at break and pungent odor.
You should be careful when collecting these mushrooms, carefully review them, discarding unsuitable and doubtful, similar to edible specimens. Also, the rules of proper processing before use should not be neglected.
Silent hunting for trawls rarely brings disappointment to the mushroom picker. There is a high probability of filling a basket without trampling kilometers through the forest. Properly cooked thrills in a salty and pickled form will bring true pleasure even to the most sophisticated connoisseur. The main thing is to be able to distinguish them from false representatives.