Description of Desiree Potato Variety

Desiree potato is a Dutch-origin cultivar developed for mass cultivation on farmers' fields and with a high yield. It is recommended to be planted in southern climates, it is susceptible to top dressing and a warm environment.

Description of Desiree Potato Variety

Description of bushes and fruits

The bushes are characterized by moderate greens of a dark green matte color and have a powerful root, giving up to 20 tubers. The variety is characterized by perfectly even small tubers of an oval shape, covered with a red peel. Edible part of a light yellow hue. According to the description, the starch content is from 13.5% to 21.5%. The fruits are rich in keratin, amino acids and proteins.

Fruits of this variety are non-ovoid, slightly sweet, do not darken when cut, and are suitable for cooking in any form.

Productivity

The variety has increased productivity, is resistant to late blight of tubers, fomosis, and various viral diseases. Desiree potatoes do not degenerate, so many years you can collect new material for planting in the beds.

Potatoes love hilling, top dressing and watering, but at the same time they can maintain high yields in hot climates in the absence of a regular supply of water.

Desiree potatoes are a mid-season species; the first crop is harvested by mid-summer, but they are digging up potatoes by the end of September. Tubers are planted in spring warm weather, as the fruits are afraid of frost.

Advantages and disadvantages of the variety

Flat tubers

The advantages of Desiree potatoes include the fact that he:

  • tolerates drought;
  • gives a high yield;
  • suitable for planting in any soil;
  • resistant to many diseases;
  • stored for a long time;
  • has tubers of perfect shape, smooth, without defects;
  • suitable for cooking any dishes;

The disadvantages include:

  • poor adaptability to soil with high humidity;
  • susceptibility to late blight stems and scab;
  • thick peel, which complicates the cutting and application;
  • exposure to Colorado potato beetle attack.

Landing

Before planting, potatoes are treated with growth stimulants and disinfectants to prevent the appearance of fungus. If you plan to land on the field, the territory is treated with herbicides. Planting is carried out in warm soil, as the plant is susceptible to low temperatures. Humus, ash or fertilizers are poured into the wells, for example, ammonium nitrate, sulfates, etc.

The distance between the rows should be at least 75 cm, and between the bushes - at least 35 cm.

Ripening and harvest lesson

To harden root crops of the Desiree variety is recommended at least 2 times during the ripening period.

For prevention against the appearance of larvae of the Colorado potato beetle, the bushes are sprayed several times with insecticides. Tubers are dug at the end of the growing season, when ripening reaches 100 days, after cutting off all the foliage. After digging, the potatoes are well dried to increase the storage time and sorted, leaving the fruits damaged by the shovel for use in the first place. The best dug bushes should be immediately postponed for future plantings. You can plant both a whole product, and fragments with eyes.

Useful Tips

It is sometimes useful to change the places of Desiree's growing, allowing the soil to rest. At this time, radishes are sown on the site of the tubers: it fertilizes the earth.

The best fields for planting are those on which onion and bean plants grew before, as well as cabbage. Harvest on depleted soil will be about 13 tons per 1 ha, and on fertilized soil with a favorable climate and careful maintenance - up to 38 tons per 1 ha

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