Description of cucumbers varieties Bush
There are no gardens in which cucumbers would not be grown. This vegetable is good both in fresh salads and in preservation. Due to its low calorie content, Zelentsy can be eaten during the diet in any quantity. The variety of cucumbers Kustova is a vivid representative of this culture.
Description of cucumbers varieties Bush
Its compact size allows you to collect excellent crops even in the smallest areas. The plant does not require special care, and it also grows well in almost any soil.
Cucumber Kustovoi is an early ripe variety. The period from the appearance of the first shoots to the beginning of fruiting is 46-47 days. This figure may vary slightly, depending on the weather and the region of growth. Since the flowers are pollinated by insects, the variety is not suitable for cultivation in film shelters and greenhouses.
The official description shows that bush cucumbers are distinguished by an unusual shoot structure for this plant. Their lashes are greatly shortened and do not grow longer than 50 cm. The leaves are planted closer to each other, but have a smaller size. Lateral shoots are actively formed, forming a bush form.
In favorable growing conditions, the ovary is laid after each leaf. Female flowers prevail, which allows a much larger crop. Productivity is 3-3.5 kg with 1 m².
Bush cucumber can be harvested already in early June, and by the middle of the month it is fully included in the fruiting period. Zelentsy must be collected daily, as they grow rapidly.
Characteristics of cucumbers:
- small, 8-12 cm in size .;
- have a dense skin;
- covered with a large number of tubercles with a black top;
- tolerate transportation well;
- not prone to the formation of bitterness.
The texture of the pulp is dense and crispy, so they are used for food in raw form, as well as for the preparation of salads, sandwiches and cold soups. A dense skin allows the fruit to remain strong after salting, pickling and fermentation. Overgrown specimens are used for the preparation of canned salads. You can collect Zelentsy in the ripening stage. These little cucumbers look great in dishes.
This variety can be grown twice a season.
Bush varieties of cucumbers are not very picky in care, but need timely watering and top dressing. Due to early ripeness, the variety can be planted 2 times per season. The first time in April, and the second in July.
To get a healthy planting, you need to choose the right seed. Seeds of large producers, such as Aelita, conduct a thorough analysis of their products for the presence of pathogens. Buying seeds in bulk, the summer resident risks putting spores of mold fungi into the ground.
Varieties of bush cucumbers are widely marketed. In addition to the classic, you can choose other analogues of culture. They showed themselves well:
- Chelyabinsk undersized;
- Kid F1.
Before planting, the seeds are soaked in a warm solution of potassium permanganate for additional disinfection for 15-20 minutes. You can’t leave them in the liquid for longer, otherwise the cotyledons can rot.
Since bushes are grown in open ground, there are two ways to plant plants. The first is planting seedlings in mid-April. For this, 2-3 seeds are placed in separate containers with a nutrient substrate. The first shoots appear 5-7 days after planting. The earthen lump must always be kept moist, and after watering, carefully loosen the soil without touching the tender roots of the seedling. In May, seedlings are transplanted to a permanent place.
Agricultural technology when planting seeds directly into the ground is slightly different. This is done a little later, in mid-May, when the danger of return frosts is over. The optimal planting pattern is 30 cm between plants and at least 50 cm between rows.
The beds need to be prepared in advance. To ensure that the culture grows well and bears fruit, during autumn digging, rotted horse, cow or bird droppings are introduced into the soil. In the spring, wood ash is poured into the holes.
Shrub cucumbers, like their tall relatives, need constant hydration. It is recommended to water them either in the early morning or in the afternoon. In hot weather, vapors rising from wet ground can injure fruits and leaves.
The bush should not be watered with cold water. If watering is done from a well, it is recommended to install special containers. The sun's rays will heat water in them during the day, and in the evening it can already be poured into the beds. Violation of this simple rule leads to the development of root rot and death of the plant.
Water is poured strictly under the root. It is undesirable to get it on the leaves and shoots of plants. After the earth is gently loosened.
Bush type cucumber in the process of growth, in the period of fruit setting and ripening needs to be fed. A week after the appearance of the first seedlings, the beds are fertilized with potash fertilizers. This allows young plants to quickly add to growth, and also strengthens the root system. If cucumbers are grown in seedlings, the first time they fertilize a little earlier.
Plants need periodic fertilizer
Feeding is carried out in certain phases of plant vegetation. In the process of leaving, it is better to fertilize them at the following time:
- During the period of active growth of a young shoot: 10-15 g of ammonium nitrate, 15 g of potassium chloride and 20-30 g of superphosphate are mixed. Fertilizers are dissolved in 10 liters of water and gently watered with this plant.
- The period of flowering and the formation of ovaries: take 0.5 l of infused mullein on a bucket of water (insist 10-14 days) and 1 tbsp. l nitrofoski. If the plant blooms weakly, it is recommended to add 0.5 g of boric acid to the solution.
- The ripening period of Zelentsy: ash is mixed with 1 liter of herbal infusion and poured 10 liters of water. To get the infusion, any grass that does not reach flowering is finely chopped, laid in a container and filled with water. The fermentation process takes 7-10 days.
Before fertilizing, the beds are well watered with water in order to avoid burns of the rhizome with fertilizing components. In addition to root fertilizer, gardeners also use foliar. In this case, the plant is sprayed with a nutrient mixture. Superphosphate, boric acid, potassium nitrogen and zinc sulphide are mixed and diluted with water. Such spraying should not be done in very hot weather.
Diseases and Pests
Shrub cucumbers are little susceptible to disease. They are resistant to various types of rot, including root, and also do not suffer from bacteriosis. All the best qualities were combined in this variety through many years of selection.
Diseases and the fight against them
Plants are susceptible to powdery and downy mildew. The causative agents of these diseases are parasitic fungi. The surface of leaves and greens is covered with gray-brown spots. In structure, they resemble felt or velvety fabric. The disease quickly affects healthy specimens and is able to destroy all plantings in a fairly short time.
They fight powdery mildew with regular whey or skim milk. It is sprayed onto the surface of the leaves and shoots. The same principle is carried out with a solution of laundry soap.
Also in the fight against diseases of cucumbers fungicides are used. Topaz, HOM, Fitosporin, Quadris - these names are known to every gardener.
Pests and the fight against them
Planting can be damaged by insects, as well as their larvae. The biggest harm to the economy is caused by aphids. These small winged pests suck plant sap and lead to their withering and death. Affected specimens are dusted with wood ash and crushed chalk in a 1: 1 ratio.
A spider mite is also not a rare guest on a cucumber bed. It actively reproduces in too moist soil and thickened plantings. The whole bush is covered with thin white cobwebs produced by the glands of the insect. They get rid of it with fungicides. In order to prevent its occurrence in autumn, the beds are sowed with mustard as siderate.
Growing bush cucumbers does not require special skills and extensive experience. They are easy to care for and yield excellent yields. In the southern regions, when cultivating a cultivar in two sets, the last crops are harvested at the end of September, which allows you to enjoy crispy greenbacks throughout the summer.
The versatility of the fruit also played a role in the popularity of the variety. They are good both fresh and canned. When fermenting, the greens do not lose their shape and remain crispy.