Description of the carrot variety Queen of the Autumn

One of the late-ripening varieties that are distinguished by positive characteristics is Queen Autumn carrots.

Description of the carrot variety Queen of the Autumn

Grade characteristics

The carrot variety Queen of Autumn is late-ripening; its vegetation period lasts up to 130 days. Harvested in early October, even if the sowing of seeds occurred in June. Root crops are able to tolerate winter, preserving the taste and marketability even at a temperature of -4 ° C.

The variety is high-yielding: from 1 square. m collect from 3.5 to 9 kg of vegetables. Productivity in many respects depends on soil fertility. Even under adverse growing conditions, the average yield is 5 kg / sq. m

Description of carrots

According to the description, the Queen of Autumn carrots has a spreading leaf rosette, short light green leaves. The shape of the root crops is conical, elongated, with a slightly rounded end. Their length varies between 20-30 cm, weight varies from 100 to 250 g. The fruits are orange, not quite saturated, in color.

The pulp of root crops is dense, juicy, has a rich sweet taste. It contains a large amount of carotene - an average of 20 g - and a record amount of sugars - about 11%. Carrots are suitable for making fresh salads, preserving, making juice.

Advantages and disadvantages of the variety

Carrot Queen of the autumn has many positive qualities, but it also has drawbacks.

Advantages:

  • high productivity;
  • unpretentiousness to growing conditions;
  • resistance to cracking;
  • disease resistance;
  • resistance to flowering in short daylight hours;
  • long shelf life - about 8 months, until the new crop;
  • high palatability and usefulness.

Disadvantages:

  • dim color;
  • uneven sizes;
  • the difficulty of extracting long carrots from dense soil.

Negative characteristics are insignificant, therefore this variety is grown not only by gardeners, but also by large agricultural producers for sale and for industrial purposes.

Features of agricultural technology

Characteristic cracks in carrots

Variety Queen of the autumn sometimes cracks, has a bitter aftertaste or small size. Usually this is due to non-compliance with any growing rules.

Choosing a place for sowing

Seeds are sown in flat areas. It is important that the sowing area is not flooded and not in the lowlands. Culture loves sunlight, so the garden should be well lit. Due to poor lighting, the crop will be small, with poor taste, and yield will decrease significantly.

The soil for growing carrots should be light, loose, fertile, permeable. It should also have good drainage properties. Clay and sandy soils are not suitable, because even after applying fertilizers they will not yield a good crop. The ideal option is chernozem. Loose soil can be created independently by mixing compost, sand and garden soil.

Preparation of beds

Before sowing the seeds, the site must be dug up, all the earth lumps are raked. This is to make the vegetables grow even. Due to the dense caked soil and large lumps or stones, the roots are bent.

The culture grows well on tall beds with a flat top. Their height should be between 15-20 cm. Wells for seeds are made on the tops of the beds. The distance between them should be at least 15 cm: this makes it easier to care for the crop.

Sowing seeds

Typically, seeds are sown in late May to harvest in late September. In the southern regions, sowing occurs in early summer, and harvesting in October. Before sowing, the seeds are soaked in warm water for 2-3 hours, so that they sprout faster. Then the soaked seeds are wrapped with a wet cloth to swell. During the day they increase and become suitable for sowing.

Carrot seeds are small. In order not to thicken the landing, they should be combined with sand in a ratio of 1: 2. This method of sowing is the most optimal, but there are others: sowing with paste and sticking seeds on toilet paper. Wells for seeds should be no more than 1 cm in depth. First they are watered with water, then seeds are placed in them, sprinkled with earth and slightly compacted.

Crop care

In order for root crops to grow and develop well, it is necessary to care for them from the moment of sowing seeds. The soil should always be moist, therefore, in the hot period, sprinklers are installed.

They make sure that watering is moderate: because of the large amount of water, root crops will crack. The number of waterings is reduced after the appearance of the first leaves. In dry weather, the crop is watered 3-4 times a week. During the rainy season moistening is not required.

To get large fruits and high productivity, the beds are periodically thinned out. The first procedure is carried out with the appearance of 3 full leaves, the second - when the root crops are pencil-thick. The distance between vegetables after thinning should be 3 and 5 cm, respectively. After the procedure, the beds must be watered.

Pest and Disease Control

The queen of autumn is resistant to almost all diseases and pests. However, sometimes after rainy periods it undergoes rot. To prevent its occurrence, adhere to the rules of crop rotation. After harvesting, the plot is not sown with carrot seeds for 1-2 years. They also make high beds: moisture does not stagnate in them, so root crops do not rot.

Among the pests for this variety is dangerous carrot fly. Under its influence, root crops grow poorly, and their root neck becomes red-violet. To avoid the attack of the parasite, the beds are regularly loosened, make sure that they do not stagnate in water and that the crop is always in the light. If a carrot fly has already attacked plants, they are fought with special insecticides.

Conclusion

Among all varieties of carrots, the Queen of Autumn is valued for its high productivity, unpretentiousness, resistance to diseases and pests, and high commercial and taste qualities. Adhering to the basic rules of agricultural technology, it is easy to get a quality crop.

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